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Islam ABC Book

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Gurpreet Badesha

on 10 July 2013

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Transcript of Islam ABC Book

Learning your ABCs


Islamic Version



Authors: Gurpreet Badesha, Michael-Joel Freeland A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z iety Followers of the Islamic faith must submit to God's will and live moral lives. Living a faithful life includes superiority only in piety. Piety is how faithful one is withing their religion. ur'an The Qur'an is the holiest book in Islam. It is believed to be the verbatim word of God-as told to Muhammad in a series of revelations which He directly told his followers. Since the Qur'an is God's word it is unchangeable-even translations aren't considered true Qur'an. amadan During the blessed month of Ramadan, Muslims all over the world abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during the daylight hours. As a time to purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice, Ramadan is much more than just not eating and drinking. Muslims are called upon to use this month to re-evaluate their lives in light of Islamic guidance. hahadah Shahadah is the Declaration of Faith. It reads, "There is no God but Allah and Muhhamad is His messenger." Shahadah is also the first of five Pillars of Faith. ahara Tahara is a state of purity. Tahara is required for participating in daily prayers (salat) or other ritual acts. Two types of purification are possible: major and minor. Major purification is required after things like menstration and coitus, whereas minor purification is required before prayers. Traditionally the use of water is recommended, but the use of sand is permitted if no water is available. akat Zakat is the mandatory almsgiving- giving to charity or the betterment of others. It is reuired to be at leat 2.5%. Zakat is the third of five Pillars of Faith. eric Xeric means desert-like weather and land. It is used to describe the area where Islam began, the Arabian Peninsula. This climate allowed Muslims to find many new ways to store water and invent things such as the water supply systems. udu Muslim practice of ablution (ceremonial washing) before salat (prayer), as a mark of respect for God and in preparation for worship. After niyyah (turning to God in mind), the hands, mouth, nostrils, face, arms, head, neck, ears, and feet are washed. ne God rdu Urdu is one of the official languages of Pakistan, a language derived from Hindustani, used by Muslims, and written with Persian-Arabic letters. Urdu is the official language of Muslims. All of their sacred texts are written in Urdu because that is how God had given his revelations. It is only God's word when written in Urdu. Muslims believe there is only one God and Allah is is prophet. This is mentioned in the Declaration of Faith. The belief in one God is one of the main beliefs in the Islamic faith. athrib Yathrib was the first name given to the city of Medina. A city of western Saudi Arabia north of Mecca. The Mosque of the Prophet, containing Muhammad's tomb, is a holy site for Muslim pilgrims. iyah "Niyah" means to have firm intention to offer prayer. Mere intention will not serve the purpose unless one resolves and forms "Niyah" in the heart. One should form "Niyah" in the heart for whichever prayer he is about to offer. eil A variety of headdresses worn by Muslim women in accordance with hijab (the principle of dressing modestly) are sometimes referred to as veils or headscarves. Many of these garments cover the hair, ears and throat, but do not cover the face. VIRTUAL ABCS OF ISLAM . "A" stands for Allah, which means God in Arabic. The Islamic faith is a monotheistic faith, which believes in one, inseparable, and all powerful God named Allah. Most muslims pray to Allah five times per day. Allah is creator of the world, and the universe, and everything that exists within it, INCLUDING US! "B" stands for Barakallah, which is a commonly used phrase spoken amongst the muslim people meaning, "May the blessings of Allah be upon you" Just as christians would say "God bless you" as and act of gratefulness, muslims would recite the Barakallah as an act of sincere thankfulness. "C" stands for curry, which is a commonly eaten dish of meat, vegetables and rice within the muslim community . Served with many tasteful spices, to enhance the flavour. This entree is served at islamic festivals and special events.
Ex: Eid "E" stands for Eid, which is a islamic celebration commemorating the end of the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the month where muslims fast from sunrise-sunset, as a purification ritual. This day is spent at the mosque in prayer, and gathered with family and friends, enjoying food. "D" stands for Day of Judgement. Like Christianity and Judaism, Muslims believe strongly in an afterlife that consists of Heaven and Hell. On this Judgement day which will take place at the end of the world, Allah will judge each individual based on the good and bad deeds displayed in ones life. They will either be destined to Hell, where they will spend an eternity separated from Allah. Or condemned to Heaven (Paradise) where you spend an eternity with your creator, Allah. Those who die before judgement day, if their bad deeds outweigh their good deeds their body will remain to decease in their grave. Until Judgement day where those body's are resurrected, judged, then doomed to Hell. If you've lived a spiritual life you will continue straight to heaven. "F" stands for the Five Pillars of the muslim faith, these are the fundamental and core beliefs of the religion.
1) Shahada: Declaring there is no God but Allah
2) Salat: Prayer (Praying 5 times daily)
3) Zakat: Donating to charity or a good cause
4) Sawm: Fasting as an act of spiritual purification
5) Hajj: Pilgrimage (attempt to make the trip to Mecca) stands for Ghusl, which is a ritual taken by those who have recently taken part in any sexual activity, given birth, or just finished their menstrual cycle. This is a ritual in which the whole body is cleansed, so that one can pray and come in contact with Allah again. stands for Hijab, which is an article of clothing worn by most women, as an act of keeping themselves modest. Hijab's are not tight, they are gown like and do not show skin. The only skin shown in most cases are the eyes of the woman, showing skin is a sign of disrespect and immodesty in the Islamic faith. "I" stands for Imam which is an arabic word meaning spiritual leader. This can refer to the leader of a Muslim community, or might refer to the individual who leads prayer at the mosque. "J" stands for Jannah which means Heaven or paradise. This location is talked about much in the Qur'an as paradise, or as a place of rest. Where those who lived a good, muslim, life worshiping Allah, were to be recognized and awarded. This is what the Qur'an has to say about this wonderful paradise, "a beautiful place of final return – a garden of eternity, whose doors will always be open to them" (Qur'an 38:49-50). stands for Ka'bah, which is a very holy structure that can be found in the centre of the holy mosque in Mecca. (Required to attend this mosque once in lifetime) This holy shrine is the focus of the mosque, as everyone faces in the direction of the Ka'bah while praying. The Ka'bah is said to have been built by Abraham and Ishmael, then in 630 AD it is said to have been dedicated to the Islamic faith by the holy prophet Muhammad stands for "La ilaha illallah" this is the most important and most sacred creed every muslim must recite. This creed states "There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah." Every muslim has to recite these words from the creed to show their dedication to the muslim faith and to Allah. stands for Mosque, the holy building where muslims go to pray and worship Allah. Muslims are encouraged to go to the mosque and pray as often as possible, as this results in good deeds. Yet the primary time of worship for is Friday night. Ramadan is another time when mosques are at its fullest, because this is a spiritual ritual where muslims often rededicate/recommit themselves. Although mosques may be recognizable as buildings with domes, and minarets, and large prayer halls, ones prayer mat can also be considered a mosque, as it is a place of worship dedicated to Allah.
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