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Transcript of Mexico
Relationship between state and society
There is no balance of power in Mexico. The mexican cartels have most control over the country.
The Mexican society are living in fear of what the cartels can do to their families. There are so many gang incidents and fights over power and control of land that it's affecting society in a horrible way and creating great violence.
Relationship between State and Society
Relationships between Citizens And State
Camarilla In Mexico is where a politician's personal following in a patron-client relationship
Patron/Client System can be defined as a arrangement between a person that has authority, social status, wealth and another who benefits from their support or influence.
Political Institutions and Framework
Mexico's President Enrique Pena Nieto is very powerful and the way he rules over the people would almost be considered a Dictatorship.
He appoints the cabinet, controls the nominees for congress and state governors. He also appoints the head of state corporations.
The president nominates his successors and is limited to a single 6 year term.
Public Authority and Power
Ever since the Constitution of 1824 Mexico has been formally Federalist.
Most of its power resides within the federal government.
The power within the government is centralized and the state government is mainly dependent on Mexico City for revenue.
Mexico City (the capital) is the main center for Mexico's social, economic and political institutions.
Political Institution and Frame Work continued
The party system within Mexico is a single party dominant system. PRI also known as the Party of Industrial Revolution has been the dominant party since 1929. Corruption during elections is largely known to occur, especially with this group But in 2000 PRI finally lost its election to PAN, another political group within Mexico.
PAN stands for Party of National Action and is more of a socialist party.
In congress the Senate represents the states and the Chamber of Deputies represents people.
The first one the large scale corruption which is now linked to drug businesses. This drug money penetrates many of the main aspects in Mexico such as the police, military and even the judiciary systems. A long with this drug money comes violence and there have been many casualties over this issue, those casualties ranging around 50,000 people.
Raul Salinas who is the brother of former President Carlos Salinas,was jailed for a large corruption scandal for around $200-$500 million.
Drug Violence Within Mexico
The National Action Party - PAN– First developed in opposition of PRI. Most support comes from up north, Conservative people and Leader is Felipe Calderon.
The Party Of The Democratic Revolution- PRD- Composed of members who dropped out of PRI party for being too conservative. Supports economic nationalism.
Institutional Revolutionary Party- PRI- Inclusive Party in the middle of Mexico’s political spectrum and is said to be the strongest.
The government encourages local industry by giving financial support, customs protection, and tax exemption to approved or new enterprises.
Modern Mexican economic policy derives in principle from the constitution of 1917, which, in Article 27, proclaims national ownership of subsoil rights, provides for expropriation of property needed for national purposes, and provides for the breaking up of large estates and the establishment of village communal landholdings
One of the most important things that happend in Mexico's history was the Mexican Revolution.
The Mexican Revolution 1910, began as a movement of middle-class protest against the long-standing dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz (1876-1911).
The Mexican War of Independence-was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in the territory of New Spain.
Legislative Branch- vested upon the Congress of the Union, a bicameral congress comprising the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.The powers of the Congress include the right to pass laws, impose taxes, declare war, approve the national budget, approve or reject treaties and conventions made with foreign countries, and ratify diplomatic appointments. The Senate addresses all matters concerning foreign policy, approves international agreements, and confirms presidential appointments.
Chamber of Deputies: 500 member lower house—3 year terms, revenue bills must originate here, exclusive powers over appropriations and budget
Senate: 128 member upper chamber; 6 year terms, exclusive power over foreign affairs-approves treaties by majority once submitted by president, power to remove state governors and depose state
Mestizo- 60% A Mexican person of mixed ethnicity. Mexican and European
Amerindian- 30% Any member of peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived.
President during 2000 to 2006, also a business man. his term in office marked the end of 71 years of uninterrupted rule by the International Revolutionary Party (PRI). Fox was apart of the National Act Party (PAN) which overruled PRI. He focused on trade relations with the US, crime, drug traffficking, and corruption.
Branches Of Government and Powers
Executive Branch- Run by president and consists of eighteen Secretaries of State, the head of the federal executive legal office and the Attorney General.
Consists of supreme court justice, Composed of eleven judges or ministers appointed by president with congres approval who interpret laws and judge cases of federal competency.
The ministers of the Supreme Court will serve for 15 years and cannot be appointed to serve more than once.
The Chiapas Conflict- the Zapatista National Liberation Army is made up of mostly rural indigenous people but includes some supporters in urban areas and internationally. They launched a rebellion in 1994. They rebelled due to the signing of NAFTA, which was believed to increase the gap between poor and rich citizens in Chiapas. Spokesperson was Subcomandante Marcos.
North American Free Trade Center - An agreement signed by Mexico, Canada, and the US to create trade within the 3 countries. This increased Mexico’s agricultural imports by 9.3% annually.
Explain the impact of drugs and drug related violence in politics.
Describe the gap between northern and southern Mexico
How does racial tension stir up political elections?
Which group has been the most dominant when it comes to elections?
What steps would you take in the prevention of drug violence?