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Amy Turner

on 10 May 2017

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Transcript of Lysosomes

what is the organelle made of and what is its structure?
What type of cell is it found in?
Lysosomes are found in all eukaryotes: fungi, protists, animals, and plants. Lysosomes are not found in prokaryotes, which are bacteria.
Connection between organelle and cell Function...
The nucleus's information tells the lysosome what to do and when to do it, and the lysosome does those jobs and keeps waste from building up in the cell and helps keep bacteria from entering the cell.
how does the lysosome work exactly to do its job?
Lysosomes are made up of enzymes created by the cell, like proteins, nucleases, and lipases. They are also made by the endoplasmic reticulum and the golgi bodies.
The endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, and cytoplasm make up most of the structure of the lysosomes, but they also contain enzymes, the part of the lysosomes that digests the waste.
What would happen if the cell didn't have lysosomes?
If cells didn't have lysosomes, waste would build up in the cell, because there wouldn't be anything to break down the extra waste material. Also, your body wouldn't be able to fight off bacteria and you'd become ill. The cell wouldn't have hardly any room in it, because it would be filled up with the extra waste.
There are powerful enzymes in the lysosome, which are used to break down waste, food, old organelles, and bacteria.
The information in the nucleus determines what the lysosome does, and the activities that the lysosome performs.
Lysosomal storage diseases are groups of rare disorders that are inherited. These diseases come from undigested, or partially digested molecules in the lysosomes when the lysosome doesn’t function right. This results in cellular malfunctions and abnormalities. Also, nervous system and tissue dysfunctions might happen. Most of the time, lysosomal storage disease happens because the enzymes are messed up and can’t digest the waste.

How is the organelle controlled?
By: Amy Turner and Kayla Nixon
The lysosome's function in a cell is to digest the extra waste left over by the cell, the cell's food, and bacteria and viruses entering the cell.
Why is it important?
The lysosome's job is very important because if the lysosome wasn't there, there would be nothing to digest all the food, waste, and bacteria, so the cell wouldn't have any food, the waste would build up in the cell, and bacteria would come in the cell and make it sick.
description of health problem and it's processes, risk or transmission, and cellular problems of the disease:
Recently, a professor of chemistry and a neuroscientist at Johns Hopkins LSD Program (Johns Hopkins University is in Baltimore, Maryland), made a fruit fly model for a LSD disease called mucolipidosis type IV. This group used cellular machines of the neurodegeneration to observe people with a type of LSD that is caused by messed up proteins in lysosomes. Also, at Johns Hopkins, another group researched the changes of therapy for LSDs concerning the molecules in the lysosome. The group used the molecules of people with LSDs and saw that molecules could prevent the disease from occurring.

latest research finings and where they are occurring:
possible benefits of research:
There are a few possible benefits of research when it comes to Gaucher Disease. Gaucher Disease is a LSD that affects the brain of young children. One benefit is that if researchers find information to help fight this disease, it will likely benefit the research of other lysosomal diseases, which may even lead to finding cures to other non-lysosomal diseases that affect the brain. Also, if researchers find a cure to Gaucher Disease, they can use that information to find cures to other lysosomal and brain diseases. Research on Gaucher disease has had a great impact on finding cures for other serious diseases related to this one.
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