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Old Testament Timeline

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Sarah Kelly

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Old Testament Timeline

Old Testament Timeline
Works Cited
Hill, Andrew E., and John H. Walton. A Survey of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Pub. House, 2009. Print
LaCocque, André. "Daniel." Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.
"Old Testament Timeline." Old Testament Timeline. Online Parallel Bible Project, 2004. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.
Prop, William H. "Golden Calf." Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013
Day 1: Light
Day 2: Heavens
Day 3: Water, Land, Plants
Day 4: Sun, Moon, Stars
Day 5: Sea Animals, Birds
Day 6: Land Animals, Man
Day 7: Day of Rest
Before 4000 B.C
"...and it was good..."
Fall of Man
Before 4000 B.C.
"When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food...she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband...Then the Lord God said to the woman, 'What is this you have done?'The woman said, 'The serpent deceived me, and I ate.'" Gen. 3:1-13
Consequences (Gen. 3:14-19)
Serpent: "You will crawl on your belly..."
Women: Childbearing pains
Men: Ground cursed, "painful toil"
"The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time." Gen. 6:5
2400 B.C
God spared Noah and his family to make a new beginning- shows God's grace

Spoke to Noah to build an ark to save two of every animal

"As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter,
day and night will never cease." Gen. 8:22

God sent a rainbow as a promise never to flood the earth again.
2091 B.C.
"The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country...I will make you into a great nation,
and I will bless you" Gen. 12:1-2

Abraham was ordered to leave his home and family and move to Caanan

Covenant with God: be blessed with a great nation. God promised to give Abraham and his wife Sarah a son

Had a son with Hagar, Sarah's slave, who was named Ishmael
"Offering of Isaac"
2054 B.C
"Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you." Gen. 22:2

God tested Abraham

Abraham did as the Lord told him to do, believe that God would provide the animal sacrifice
"I swear by myself, declares the Lord, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies" Gen. 22: 12-17
2066 B.C
"When the Lord saw that Leah was not loved, he enabled her to conceive, but Rachel remained childless" Gen. 29:31
Leah started things off with have 4 sons:


Rachel began to get jealous because she was barren. So since she couldn't have any kids she gave Jacob her servant and then bore 2 sons:

Leah decided to give her maid to Jacob as well. She popped out
Leah had 2 more sons:
, and

Rachel finally had two sons of her own,
12 Sons
Equal the 12 tribes of Israel
1916 B.C.
1525 B.C.
"Ten Plagues"
1446 B.C.
List of Judges
1140 B.C
1024 B.C
990 B.C.
"Baal VS. Elijah and Elisha"
874 B.C.
478 B.C.
450 B.C
593 B.C.
570 B.C.
"Wondering in the wilderness"
1446- 1406
Kings and Prophets of the Israel
Kings and prophets of the Judah
Pharoah agrees to let them go, but quickly changes his mind

Egyptians go after Israelites, but drown in the water Moses parted
1. Turned the Nile into blood
2. Frogs
3. Gnats
4. Flies
5. Plague on Cattle
6. Boils
7. Hail
8. Locasts
9. Darkness
10. Passover - Death of Firstborn
"Moses receives the Ten Commandments"
1446 B.C.
1. "No other gods before me"
2. No idols
3. Don't take the Lord God's name in vain
4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy
5. Honor mother and father
6. No murder
7. No adultery
8. No stealing
9. No bearing false witness
10.No coveting
Ten Commandments were given to Moses as rules for the Israelites.
lived with mother-in-law Naomi

Return to Bethlehem. Ruth gave up family and land to be with Naomi

Book of Ruth is to show that when people are faithful, God is faithful

God accepted her
Slayed the giant Goliath

People started to praise David, which made King Saul angry

Jonathan, Saul's son, saves his life and David becomes King
David wasn't perfect - had an affair with Bathsheba, who eventually became his wife

Had Solomon through Bathsheba

The story of David shows that God can take any situation and turn it into something beautiful
Asked God for wisdom- God so pleased he gave him more

Built the temple of the Lord

Later years became overly wealthy, had many MANY wives of different faiths, both which displeased God who tore away most of the kingdom from him except for one tribe

(H&W 85)
(H&W 86-88)
(H&W 88-89)
(H&W 89-90)
Favored among his brothers

Sold into slavery and ended up in Egypt with the Pharaoh interpreting dreams

Found favor and was put in charge

Saved Egypt through the famine

"Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Come close to me.” When they had done so, he said, “I am your brother Joseph, the one you sold into Egypt! 5And now, do not be distressed and do not be angry with yourselves for selling me here, because it was to save lives that God sent me ahead of you." Gen. 45:4-5
(H&W 114-117)
(H&W 118-120)
Pharaoh ordered to have all the Hebrew boys killed

Moses was hidden in a basket in the Nile and the Pharaoh's daughter "adopted" him

Israelites were in slaver and God sent Moses to free them

Confronted the Pharaoh, but the Pharaoh refused to let them leave

God used Moses to perform plagues to soften Pharaoh's heart...
Israelites were making their way to Canaan, the promised land

Once they got there, 12 spies were sent into the land to explore

A majority of the spies voted against going into the land because they were scared that they wouldn't be able to defeat the people and the rest of the people agreed

Because of their doubt, God condemned that generation to wonder the wilderness for 40 years
1.Otheniel 1350
2.Ehud 1275
3.Shamgar 1260
4.Deborah/Barak 1235
5.Gideon 1150
6.Abimelech 1125
7.Tola (date unsure)
8.Jair (date unsure)
9.Jephatah 1075
10.Ibzan (date unsure)
11.Elon (date unsure)
12.Abdon (date unsure)
13.Samson 1060
Purpose of Judges was to show failure of the Israelites
appointed by God for a specific need
(H&W 238)
King Saul and Samuel
1050 B.C
God = King

Appointed judge to be over people
Samuel was no only prophet and priest, but also judge
The people didn't want God as their King, they wanted an actual person ruling over them

Samuel appointed Saul as their King
1929 B.C
(H&W 89-90)
Conflict between Jacob and Esau

Esau was the first born and sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of soup

Jacob also dressed as Esau and decieved Isaac so that he could recieve Esau's blessing
Jacob flees and works for a man of the name of Laban so that he can marry his daughter Rachel

Gets tricked and ends up marrying firstborn Leah first, and then Rachel 7 years later
Rachel and Leah then duke it out in what is known as the.....
"Your people, my people, your God, my God"
"The Lord said to her, two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from within you will be separated; one people will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger." Gen. 25:23
"God said to Solomon, 'Since this is your heart’s desire and you have not asked for wealth, possessions or honor, nor for the death of your enemies, and since you have not asked for a long life but for wisdom and knowledge to govern my people over whom I have made you king, therefore wisdom and knowledge will be given you. And I will also give you wealth, possessions and honor, such as no king who was before you ever had and none after you will have.' " 2 Chronicles 1:11-12
(H&W 289)
(H&W 288)
After King Ahab's marriage to Jezebel, Baalism was made the official religion of the North

Elijah and Esha stood as living testimonies to God's supremacy
(H&W 292-293)
Baal controls the rain

Baal ensures bountiful harvests

Baal controls lightning and fire

Baal controls life and death
Elijah commands a drought (1 Kings 17:1)

Experience a famine; Elijah and Elisha provide grain (2 Kings 4:1-7, 42-44)
Elijah commands fire in name of Yahweh (1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10-12; 2:11)
Elijah and Elisha raise dead in name of Yahweh (1 Kings 17:7-24; 2 Kings 4:8-37; 5:1-20)
Sarah eventually conceived and gave birth to Isaac

God's covenant was played out

Through Isaac God planned two nations
(H&W 401-416)
Looks at the retribution principle: righteous prosper, wicked suffer

Challenge posed by satan, saying that God's policy of blessing the righteous is counterproductive

satan is given permission to cut off Job's blessings and while Job questions he maintains his integrity and righteousness
"Then his wife said to him, "Do you still hold fast your integrity? Curse God and die!" But he said to her, "You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?" In all this Job did not sin with his lips." Job 9-10
(Date unsure. Possible before time of Abraham)
770 B.C.
(H&W 629-637)
God calls Jonah to rescue Nineveh from their sin, which was slapping people with fish

Jonah tries to escape God's calling but ends up getting swallowed up inside a giant whale and ends up in Nineveh anyway

Book of Jonah explores God's compassion and small beginnings
"The Golden Calf"
We see the Golden Calf quite a few times throughout the Old testament...
(H&W 553-563)
Ezekiel was a priest

Ministry to Hebrew exiles

Purpose was to warn the Israelites of impending judgement

After Jerusalem's destruction, turned attention to surrounding nations
"Repent and live"
Nebuchadnezzar became king; Daniel interprets dreams and ascends to high position in court

Thrown in the lion's den for praying to God

Emphasis of Daniel's life is living a life of faith in a hostile world
King Xerxes made Esther Queen after Vashti; Esther was Jewish but told no one

Haman was out to get the Jewish people

Because of Esther's bravery she was able to save her people

The book of Esther shows that God is present with His people

God's methods may vary, but his purposes do not
"Then Queen Esther answered, 'If I have found favor with you, Your Majesty, and if it pleases you, grant me my life—this is my petition. And spare my people—this is my request." Esther 7:3
Hebrew return to Jerusalem from Babylonian exile

Rebuilding of the altar and temple

Reconstruction of Jewish life in the province of Judah

Wanted to rebuild and reform postexilic Jerusalem

Saw they were naked, hid from God
"But you have now rejected your God, who saves you out of all your disasters and calamities. And you have said, ‘No, appoint a king over us.’ So now present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and clans.” 1 Samuel 10:19
Three golden calves:
first built by Aaron to replace Yaweh at Mt. Sinah
second and third from Jeroboam to replace the ark
Both calf stories are related:
extol “your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt"
culminate in priestly ordination.
"When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered around Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make gods for us, who shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him." Exodus 31:1
"So the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold. He said to the people, a “You have gone up to Jerusalem long enough. Here are your gods, O'Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt." 1 Kings 12:28
"Cycle of Apostasy"
"In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes." Judges 21:25

"Daniel answered, 'May the king live forever! My God sent his angel, and he shut the mouths of the lions. They have not hurt me, because I was found innocent in his sight. Nor have I ever done any wrong before you, Your Majesty.' " Daniel 6:21-22
"Then Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God, and all the people answered, 'Amen, Amen,' lifting up their hands. Then they bowed their heads and worshiped the LORD with their faces to the ground. " Nehemiah 8:6
(H&W 329-343)
Powerpoint By: Sarah Kelly

“There was a boy called Eustace Clarence Scrubb, and he almost deserved it.” 
C.S. Lewis, Voyage of the Dawn Treader
(Genisis 1:1-2:3)
(H&W 152)
(Genesis 37:2-50:26)
(Exodus 2-12:36)
(H&W 249-253)
(1 Samuel 13-15)
(1 Samuel 16:1-2 Samuel 24)
(H&W 294-296)
(H&W 288)
(H&W 209-210)
(H&W 347-354)
(Numbers 14:1-45)
Full transcript