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Ancient Rome - Livia Drusilla and Nero

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Dylan Stevens

on 7 April 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Rome - Livia Drusilla and Nero

Livia Drusilla - First Empress of Rome Birth and Early Life Livia as a Roman Icon Livia was intent on Tiberius being the next Emperor
Augustus adopts Tiberius
Augustus dies 14 CE and Tiberius is made emperor Rise of Tiberius Livia and her Son Considered a threat to Tiberius
Died of an 'illness'
No evidence that Tiberius or Livia were involved
Possible cause would have been cholera Death of Germanicus Death of Livia By Dylan Stevens The Ancient Romans Born 58 BCE
Member of Roman upper class
Attractive features
Married Tiberius Claudius Nero
Gave birth to Tiberius
Eloped with Octavian Appeared on statues
Became a symbol for Roman values
Given 'Sacrosanctity'
Participated in many events
Appeared as goddesses Tiberius began to hate his mother
Livia died 28 September 29 CE
Tiberius did not attend her funeral
Actions of her will were not carried out
Caligula delivered her funeral rites Livia and her mother Aufidia depicted in the TV series 'Rome' (HBO 2007) Marriage to Octavian Married in 38 BCE
Gave birth to Drusus
Octavian is named Augustus
Livia is named Empress of Rome Livia in the form of the goddess Ops (Louvre Museum) Livia as a Woman Appeared like most Roman women
Intelligent and witty
Did not care for fame or fortune Livia appearing on a Roman coin, this shows her lack of interest in being famous (denarius of Tiberius, 14-37 CE: reverse, courtesy of Vroma.org) Depictions of Nero Humiliated and persecuted Christians for the first time in the Empire
Scourged, burnt, murdered and fed Christians to wild animals
Viewed by some Christians as an ancient 'Anti-christ' Persecution of Christians Livia and Tiberius (Perhaps Drusus) featured on a turquoise cameo (Boston Museum of Fine Arts) Bust of Livia (Pushkin Museum) Livia and Tiberius as seen in the miniseries "I, Claudius" (1976, BBC) Livia and Tiberius featured on the denarius of Tiberius
(University of Virginia Art Museum) Busts of Livia and Tiberius (British Museum) Livia Drusilla 58 BCE - 29 CE Nero 37 CE - 68 CE "Death of Germanicus" - Thomas Banks, Private Collection Sardonyx cameo of Livia holding a bust of Augustus (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna) Legacy Worldwide icon for women's rights
One of history's most powerful women
Shaped the rule of 2 Roman emperors
Has remained unsurpassed in 2000 years of history Sitting statue of Livia (National Archaeological Museum of Spain Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Bust of Nero (Musei Capitoline) Birth and Early Life Born in37 CE in Actium
Born to Agrippina Minor and Gnaeus Ahenobarbaus
Father died when Nero was 3 years old
Agrippina married Emperor Claudius
Nero married Octavia
Made Emperor at 17
Ruled alongside mother Nero and Agrippina strangely featured on a Roman denarius Murder of Family Poisons stepbrother Britannicus with Hemlock
Kills mother
Becomes sole ruler of Rome Nero as an Artist Known for performing stage shows
Wrote songs and poetry
Had histrionic personality disorder
Forced the whole public to watch his shows "Nero the Lyre Player" - Roger Payne, 1977 Second Marriage to Poppaea Nero falls in love with his mistress Poppaea
Kills Octavia in order to marry Poppaea
Later kicks Poppaea to death
Castrates Sporus, marries him and drives him to suicide "Love You to Death" - Horrible Histories, (BBC 2010) Great Fire of Rome and Domus Aurea 64 CE A fire destroys Rome
Nero uses free land to build the Golden House
Unlikely he fiddled but he may have started the fire himself! Wall paintings from the Domus Aurea, Courtesy of The-Colosseum.net 'Nero's Torches' - Henryk Siemiradzki, 1877 Dom DeLuise, "History of the World Part 1" 1981, 20th Century Fox Peter Ustinov, "Quo Vadis" 1951, MGM Charles Laughton, "The Sign of the Cross", 1932, Paramount The Great Rebellion and Death Failed rebellion planned in 68 CE
Same year, Galba led new rebellion
Nero flees Rome to his secretary's villa
Plans suicide and is made public enemy
Dies to the rejoice of Rome The Tomb of C.V. Marianus (mistaken as Nero's tomb) - Giovanni Piranesi Detail on 'Nero's Death' by Vasily Smirnov (Russian Museum), enlargement courtesy of Flickr Domantio Memoriae, Nero Redivivus and Legacy Attempted removal from the city of Rome
Some Romans believed to have seen Nero after death
Known forever as one of the most evil people in history A heavily damaged statue of Nero (Glyptothek)
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