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Introduction to Social Work
Transcript of Introduction to Social Work
Introductions & Expectations
Your name... (again)
One word to describe yourself
(Yours, mine & ours)
Please no cell phones
We are here to create a safe learning environment where everyone can feel free and safe to express their views
Come to class prepared
What is social work?
What is social welfare?
What does a social worker do?
And what does social work have to do with me?
Social work is the professional activity of helping individuals, groups, & communities to enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning
Social workers are employed in all types of roles such
as hospitals, schools, courts, nursing homes, government, child welfare, mental health, substance abuse, and many more.
What is it?
A way of deciding whether a claim is always true, sometimes true, partly true or false
The creative formulation of an opinion or conclusion when presented with a question, problem or issue
3 Key Steps in examining and evaluating facts
ASSESS the established facts and issues involved
ASSERT a concluding opinion
What is social welfare?
It is a nation's system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet social, economic, educational and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society
Social work and social workers aim to improve people's social and economic welfare
Critical thinking question:
Why do you think social welfare is a controversial subject?
Residual social welfare: Thinks of social welfare as focusing on problems & gaps
Institutional Welfare: Views people's needs as a normal part of life
Developmental perspective: Seeks to identify social interventions that have a positive impact on economic development
Residual, Institutional, & Developmental Perspectives of
Critical thinking can help you:
1. Identify propaganda
2. Distinguish intentionally deceptive claims
3. Focus on and choose words carefully
4. Be wary of emotional ploys & appeals
Examples of social welfare:
In this course you will be challenged to think critically about problems, issues, and policies affecting people's lives
Example: Single woman on welfare
Example: Public education
Example: Career Link
The Conservative-Liberal Continuum
Political ideology: It is the system of ideas, beliefs, traditions, principles, and myths about human nature, institutional arrangements and social processes which shows how a government should be run and what principles to support
Conservatism: Philosophy that individuals are responsible for themselves and that the government should provide minimal interference in people's lives
Change is generally unnecessary
Liberalism:Philosophy that government should be involved in the social, political, and economic structure so that all people's rights and privileges are protected in the name of social justice
Radicalism: Philosophy that the social and political systems as they stand are not structurally capable of truly providing social justice so changes are necessary
3 concepts of Liberalism:
Like change & believe in better ways of getting things done
Positive perspective on human nature
View government as the best etentity to provide structure/environment
3 concepts of Conservatism:
Typically oppose change & thrive on tradition
Generally assume a negative view of human nature
Believe people are capable of providing and caring for themselves
More extreme, drastic changes
Proposes new social structure
Social Work & Social Welfare History
Developing since the late 19th century
Intertwined with historical events and trends in social welfare
Of great importance to social workers is how people are treated by laws that govern them and making sure the services and resources are available to them
The social work options
Complete an accredited course of study approved by the Council of Social Work Education
Required to complete at least 400 hours in a field placement
Education & practical experiences geared to prepare graduates for entry-level employment
Social Work builds from many disciplines such as:
Uniqueness of Social Work
Social Workers may focus on any problem or clusters of problems that are difficult and complex
Social Workers target the environment in which the individual, community or group exists
Social Workers advocate for change