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Hemingway's Legend & Legacy
Transcript of Hemingway's Legend & Legacy
Oak Park, Illinois
Parents: Clarence & Grace, physician & musician
Despised mother, insisted on cello
High school: boxing, football, track & field, water polo, orchestra, journalism
*Loved and excelled in English courses!
Out of high school, Hemingway joined the Red Cross as an ambulance driver in Italy.
Became injured by mortar fire, but still dragged an Italian soldier to safety.
Won the Italian Medal of Bravery.
War serves as a
inspiration for his writing.
Hemingway’s legacy extends even today; it is not just a literary legacy, however, but a combination of the influences of both his life and his fiction, and the ways in which they often overlap.
"Hills Like White Elephants"
A conversation between an American man and a girl named Jig at a train station in Spain
, not communicating, reveals characters:
man and helpless, indecisive woman
“They look like white elephants,”/“I’ve never seen one”
“No, you wouldn’t have”/ “I might have, just because you say I wouldn’t have doesn’t prove anything”
White elephant= unborn baby
that man does not want and Jig wants
“They’re lovely hills. They don’t really look like white elephants”
Hemingway’s iceberg theory: only
, showing the tip of it, not the whole
Hemingway's Legend & Legacy
Hemingway’s Influence on Literature
Just as Hemingway was influenced by many writers (like
, to name a few), he also had an enormous impact on other writers.
Hemingway's major influence on American literature is his style--
(“The Dead”) and
have both acknowledged Hemingway’s influence on their own writing.
Francis Macomber is called a coward because he fled when he saw lion in a safari, Africa. His wife Margot, ashamed of her unmanly husband, sleeps with Wilson, the masculine guide. Later, Francis courageously stands against buffalo, but his wife shoots him and he is dead.
between brave, masculine Wilson and weak Francis
Hunting= gaining dominance
Francis tries to gain dominance over his wife by hunting buffalo, which ends abruptly by his wife hunting him. The dominance is regained.
"The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"
Hemingway was often referred to as “Papa,” which was representative of his
hyper-masculine public persona
; it might also have been a term of affection used by those who were close to him.
By the mid-twentieth century, Hemingway had become a highly
figure in America--his
was avidly written about in newspapers and magazines. He also helped to shape and spread his larger-than-life image.
“I always try to write on the principal of the iceberg. There is seven-eighths of it under water for every part that shows. Anything you know you can eliminate and it only strengthens your iceberg. It is the part that doesn’t show.” –Hemingway, 1958
Hemingway’s life and his fiction revolved heavily around the concept of masculinity, specifically the traditional notion of what it means to be a man
Hemingway was a soldier, heavy drinker, big-game hunter, deep-sea fisherman, bullfight enthusiast, and much more.
Almost all of Hemingway’s protagonists embodied the same masculine spirit that he had. Often, these characters do not express emotions outright, rather their emotions are manifest through their actions.
Hemingway & Masculinity
"Snows of Kilimanjaro"
Harry, a writer married to rich woman, Helen, develops gangrene in a safari, Africa. He is dying and regrets what he must have done in his life. The rescue plane finally arrives and takes him to the top of Kilimanjaro, but it is revealed that he was only dreaming and dead.
Hemingway’s real life: constant fear of not fulfilling the writing, Lost Generation of World War I
Kilimanjaro= ideal life
Harry desires but fails to achieve, contrasts with plains, where he is dying, the painful reality
Life and death: the irony that life is looked back at the moment of imminent death, the
fear of death
Story of a Fan
1934: Arnold Samuelson visit Florida.
22 years old, had read a Hemingway story
“The most important thing I’ve learned about writing is never write too much at a time,” Hemingway said, tapping my arm with his finger. “Never pump yourself dry. Leave a little for the next day. The main thing is to know when to stop. Don’t wait till you’ve written yourself out. When you’re still going good and you come to an interesting place and you know what’s going to happen next, that’s the time to stop. Then leave it alone and don’t think about it; let your subconscious mind do the work. The next morning, when you’ve had a good sleep and you’re feeling fresh, rewrite what you wrote the day before. When you come to the interesting place and you know what is going to happen next, go on from there and stop at another high point of interest. That way, when you get through, your stuff is full of interesting places and when you write a novel you never get stuck and you make it interesting as you go along.”
have been based on Hemingway’s works and his life
He was a consultant for the 1958 film
The Old Man and The Sea
, based on his novel of the same title, and even makes a cameo in the film.
Hemingway in Film
Midnight in Paris
(2011) - protagonist is a writer who time travels back to 1920's Paris and meets many of the American expat writers living there, including Hemingway, whose character is exaggerated in the film.
An American in Paris
Hired as a foreign correspondent by the Toronto Star and moved to France
Met F. Scott Fitzgerald, Pablo Picasso, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, and was hugely mentored by Gertrude Stein.
1923- Returned to Toronto, but missed Paris and returned, writer not journalist.
Traveled across Europe, saw bullfights in Spain (The Sun Also Rises)
Traveled nearly all of his life.
Sailed, hunted, fished.
Heavy drinker, depressive state.
Suicide in Ketchum, Idaho in 1961.
In Chicago, met and married
, the two went to Paris.
joins the couple in Austria, Hemingway begins affair with Pauline.
Hadley files for divorce in Nov. 1926, Hemingway married Pauline the following May.
Pauline’s sons: Patrick & Gregory
Returned to America, moved around the country. Spent winters in Key West, summers in Wyoming.
Covered Spanish Civil War in 1937. Divorced Pauline, married
, a reporter. (She inspired FWTBT)
, married 1946.
1948- Affair with
Accepted a position in Toronto, wrote for the Toronto Star Weekly.
Eventually moved to Chicago and met Sherwood Anderson!