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World Religions & Ethics

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Brillith Felix

on 28 September 2013

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Transcript of World Religions & Ethics

World Religions & Ethics
Zoroastrianism
Hinduism
1. Founder- No actual founder
2. Religious text- Aranyakas & Unpanishads
3. Polytheistic
4.Deity- Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha
5. Universalizing
6. Basic beliefs- They believed in birth and rebirth. Hinduism was a way of life. Their one god was Ganesha.
7.


8. Holidays- New Years, Mohandas Gandhi's birthday, etc.
9. Hearth- India
10. Shaivites, Vaishnavas, Smartha, Shaktism
Judaism
1. Founder- Moses
2. Religious text- The Torah
3. Monotheistic
4. Deity- God
5. Universalizing
6. Basic beliefs- They believed in god & that Israel's messiah was coming.
7.


8. Holidays- New Years, Day of Atonement, Hanukkah, etc.
9. Hearth- Middle East
10. Branches- Orthodox, Coservative, Reform.
Shintoism
1. Founder- No particular founder
2. Religious text- Kojiki
3. Polytheistic
4. Deities- Amaterasu, and the "kami" (Other gods & goddesses
5. Ethnic (Only in Japan)
6. Basic beliefs- people descended from the kami
7.


8. Holidays- New Years, "Rissun", etc.
9. Hearth- Japan
10. Branches- Kohitsu Shinto, Folk Shinto, Shuha Shinto
Christianity
1. Founder- Jesus Christ
2, Religious text- The Holy Bible
3. Monotheistic
4. Deity- God (Jesus)
5. Christianity is Universalizing
6. Basic Beliefs: There is only one god. Jesus is the son of god & he died to save humanity from sin.
7.


8. Holidays: Easter, Christmas, etc.
9. Hearth: Israel
10. Branches: Catholic, Protestant, & Eastern Orthodox.
1. Founder- Zoroaster
2. Religious text- The Avesta
3. Monotheistic
4. Deity- Ahura Mazda
5. Ethnic
6. One good god: Ahura Mazda. Evil- Angra Mainyu. Ahura Mazda created the world as a "battleground between the good and bad."
7.


8. Naw-Ruz (New Years), Birth and death of their founder, etc.
9. Persia
10. Parsis & Gabars (Main ones)
Jainism
1. Founder- Mahavira
2. Religious text- Agamas
3. It's Complicated
4. Deity- 5 great beings
5. Ethnic
6. Basic beliefs- They don't believe in gods. They believe in perfect beings who are worthy of being worshipped
7. Symbol-


8. Holidays- Mahavira's birthday, Divali, etc.
9. Hearth- India
10. Branches- Digambra & Svetambara
Daoism
1. Founder- Laozi
2. Religious text- Daozang
3. Polytheistic
4. Deities are manifestations of the Dao
5. Ethnic (Only in China)
6.Basic beliefs- They believe Daoism is "the way", Nature's path
7.


8. Holidays- Chinese New Years, Lantern Festival, etc.
9. Hearth- China
10. Branches- Quanzhen & Zhengy
Confucianism
1. Founder- Confucius
2. Religious text- The Analects
3. Can't be classified
4. Deity- No Deity
5. Ethnic (East Asia)
6. Basic beliefs are similar to those of Daoism
7.


8. Holidays- Confucius day, Birthdays, etc.
Hearth- East Asia
10 Branches- Mencius branch, Hyun-Tzu, Neo-confucianism
Islam
1. Founder- Muhammad
2. Religious text- The Quran
3. Monotheistic
4. Deity- Allah
5. Universalizing
6. Basic beliefs- Allah is the god and no one can be better or at his level
7.


8. Holidays- Prophet's birthday, daytime & Voluntary fasting
9. Hearth- Middle East
10. Branches- Sunni & Shi'a
Buddhism
1. Founder- Buddha
2. Religious text- Theravada, Mahayana, Tibetan, etc.
3. Monotheistic
4. Deity- Buddha
5. Universalizing
6. Basic beliefs- They believed in karma & suffering your part
7.


8. Holidays- New Years, Buddha Day, etc.
9. Hearth- India
10. Branches- Nikaya, Mahayana, Vajrayana
Works Cited
Melton, J. Gordon. "Zoroastrianism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Nadell, Pamela S., and J. Gordon Melton. "Introduction to Judaism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Baumann, Martin. "Introduction to Hinduism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Melton, J. Gordon. "Introduction to Shinto." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Siegler, Elijah. "Daoism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Works Cited
Adler, Joseph A. "Confucianism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Melton, J. Gordon. "Jainism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Beverley, James A. "Introduction to Islam." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
Baumann, Martin. "Introduction to Buddhism." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.
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