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Transcript of FRENCH REVOLUTION
Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette
Louis XVI: King at age 19
France - in debt!
Convened Estates General after 200 yrs.
Gave in to 1st & 2nd estates' demands
What do each of the bullets represent?
Why is each so significant?
How did each contribute to the start of the French Revolution?
"Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity"
slogan of Revolution
New constitution drafted & adopted
Constitutional Monarchy: monarch's power is shared with a popular assembly and is limited by law and tradition
Women's March on Versailles:
An angry mob of nearly 7,000 working women – armed with pitchforks, pikes and muskets – marched in the rain from Paris to Versailles in what was to be a pivotal event in the intensifying French Revolution
To the beat of a drum, the women chanted “Bread! Bread!” – for, despite the fertile French soil, the populace of Paris was starving while the remote Louis XVI and the much-hated Marie Antoinette continued to feast like royalty.
Storming of the Bastille:
Louis XVI: tried to break up National Assembly
People of Paris seized royal prison (The Bastille) in search for weapons
King acknowledged newly formed group
French Revolution begins!
Estates General: each estate represented in own chamber
3rd Estate: majority of France's population
More representatives due to size
Estates General: met May 1789
Third Estate: renamed themselves
Tennis Court Oath: 3rd estate,
met on indoor tennis court (June 20th), refused to disperse (Louis XVI)
Would not disband until new French Constitution was adopted
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
August 1789: National Assembly abolished privileges of nobility
Took Church lands to pay off debt
Declaration of the Rights of Man & Citizen:
government rested on the consent of the people, not on the divine right of the king
All Frenchmen: "Free and Equal"
Home to King Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette
more than 2,000 windows
Housed: royal family, nobility, government officials
Financial upkeep: used almost 25% of France's income
Current day value (US $): $299,520,000,000
"Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite"
Marie Antoinette: wed at age 15
Created alliance between France & Austria
No power - main job to produce male heir
Spent money on parties, clothing, wigs
The Hairstyles of Marie Antoinette
“Veteran armies… have never performed greater prodigies [feats] of valor than this leaderless multitude of persons belonging to every class, workmen of all trades who, mostly ill-equipped and unused to arms, boldly affronted the fire from the ramparts and seemed to mock the thunderbolts the enemy hurled at them….
The attackers, having demolished the first drawbridge and brought their guns into position against the second, could not fail to capture the fort....
…One of the [soldiers] opened the gate behind the drawbridge and asked what we wanted. ‘The surrender of the Bastille’ was the answer, on which he let us in. At the same time the besiegers lowered the great bridge....
… Several… [individuals] contended for the honor of having arrested the Marquis de Launay [the governor of the Bastille]… and a few others undertook to guard him and succeeded in getting him out of the Bastille, though he was roughly handled by the people, who were calling for his death….
But the fury of the crowd continued to increase and their blind wrath did not spare de Launay’s escort…. Exhausted by his efforts to defend his prisoner… he had to separate from M. de Launay... Hardly had he sat down when, looking after the procession, he saw the head of M. de Launay stuck on the point of a pike…. The people, fearing that their victim might be snatched away from them, hastened to cut his throat on the steps of the Hotel de Ville [City Hall]....
In the intoxication [excitement] of victory the unfortunate inmates of the dungeons of the Bastille had been forgotten. All the keys had been carried off in triumph and it was necessary to force the doors of the cells. Seven prisoners were found.”
Which event is this Primary account describing?
1. What kinds of people stormed the Bastille?
2. What turned the mob from fairly reasonable to fierce?
3. Why do you think people competed with one another to arrest the Marquis de Launay?
4. According to this, why was the Bastille attacked?
5. What significance did the attack on the Bastille have as a symbol
What do you think will happen next?
How will the French Revolution come to an end?