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Tropical Scrub Forest

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by

Indraj Kaur

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of Tropical Scrub Forest

Tropical
Scrub Forest

Location
Recent Changes
The fire season has come much earlier in the chaparral this year.
Region has received only a quarter of its normal rainfall.
The dry Santa Ana winds that come through the canyons have come much earlier than expected, therefore temperatures have risen above the average.
Plants
The scrub forest gets about 10-17 inches of rain per year, so many of the plants have hard leaves to sustain themselves through long periods of dryness in the summer; some also have hairy leaves to collect moisture.
Some plants have even adapted to common fires by only sprouting from their seeds after a fire.
Value to Humans
The chaparral is the native landscape of most of California.
It provides protection against erosion, is the home of many animals, allows underground water supplies to replenish, and keeps the local climate stable.
It also provides us with easy opportunities to remain connected with nature at a local scale.
Climate
Winters in the Tropical Scrub Forest are very mild and moist, but not very rainy.
The climate during the summer is very dry and the temperature can range from 30° to 100° F.
The biome only gets about 10-17 inches of rain and is very prone to fires.
Bibliography
"CALIFORNIA CHAPARRAL INSTITUTE." Chaparral Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Website

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"Chaparral Biome." Animal Facts and Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Website

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"Chaparral Biome." Chaparral Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Website

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"Chaparral/Scrub Biome at Animal Corner." Chaparral/Scrub Biome at Animal Corner. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Website

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"Difference Engine: Circle of Life." The Economist. The Economist Newspaper, 20 May 2013. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Species Diversity
In general, species of the scrub forest biome are highly adaptable to the extreme conditions they have to endure year round.
Includes a variety of shrubs, grasses, and dwarf trees.
Animals include birds, mammals, and reptiles, such as cactus wren, jack rabbit and lizards.

Animals
Animals living in the tropical scrub forest have adapted to little water, hot summers and cold winters.
Many are nocturnal and/or small.
Because of the rough terrain they have adapted to include a wide variety of foods in their diets.
The tropical scrub forest is located in California, Oregon, South Africa, Australia and parts of Europe.

Black- Tailed Jack Rabbit
Key features:
large ears to regulate body temperature
long legs that help them run up to 36mph in short bursts
they come out mainly at night to eat, and most of their water comes from their food.
Genus: Lepus
Species:
Californicus
Puma
Key Features:
Incredibly adaptable to their environment.
Prefers deer but will also eat insects, birds and mice.
They have large feet and longer legs than most other cats.
Geographical range is very large.
Genus: Puma
Species: Concolor

Cactus Wren
Key Features:
Is the largest Wren in the United States.
Non- migratory birds.
Eat a variety of insects including wasps and sometimes lizards, tree frogs and seeds.
Genus: Campylorhynchus
Species: Brunneicapillus
Coyote Brush
Key Facts:
The leaves of the coyote brush have a waxy coating to preserve water from being evaporated in the air.
The leaves have a chemical make up that makes the leaves less likely to catch on fire.
Genus: Baccharis
Species: Pilularis
Fairy Duster
Key Facts:
The Fairy Duster is an endangered plant.
It can withstand temperatures as low as 10° F.
Eaten by many animals native to this area.
Genus: Calliandra
Species: Eriophylla
King Protea
Key Facts:
King Proteas tend to live in the coastal chaparral areas, where there's a lot of fog.
They take in most of their moisture from their leaves.
Their leaves can also be used to make teas.
Genus: Protea
Species: Cynaroides
AKA:
Chaparral Forest
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