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Krishna Leela

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pranya gaddipati

on 8 June 2017

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Transcript of Krishna Leela

Fig. 25. Vrindavan is transformed into a local village.
Gokul: Village of Krishna
Fig. 24. Braj, Krishna's childhood palace, becomes a place of worship in present day Gokul.
Krishnan Society (2017): Everyday Life
Mathura: Playground of Krishna
Fig. 26. Thousands of people visit the temple built on the playground of Krishna.
Vrindavan: Workplace of Krishna
Krishna Leela
By: Sunisha Busarajan, Raj Desai, Pranya Gaddipati, Aislin Silver, Emily Singer, Michael Volchko
Ancient Map of Asia
Fig. 2. Topographical map of India (c. BCE 3000).
Cultural Map of India
Fig. 3. The Yamuna River, shaped like a snake to signify its poisonous water (c. BCE 3000).
Contemporary Map of India
Fig. 4. Gradual increase in population and infrastructure diminished geographical features. The current map shows more prominent cities (2017).
Fig. 1. Krishna always cleanses his holy feet with peacock feathers which represents divine wisdom and beauty.
Time Period
Born in c. BCE 3230
Lived in the Yadu dynasty
Gokul: Village of Krishna
Fig. 6. Braj, Krishna's childhood palace, depicts the royalty of his family.
Gokul: Krishna's Childhood
Mathura: Playground of Krishna
Fig. 5. Cycle of Indian eras, which are also known as yugas.
Fig 7. Krishna was a mischievous child, so his mother is shown scolding him for his actions.
Fig. 8. Krishna dancing to ancient folk songs with his girlfriends.
Mathura: Boyhood of Krishna
Fig. 9. Krishna is seen socializing with his friends.
Vrindavan: Workplace of Krishna
Fig. 10. Krishna and his brother were responsible of herding their family's cows.
Vrindavan: Adult Life of Krishna
Fig. 11. Krishna playing the flute to entice the cows.
Krishnan Society (c. BCE 3000): Social Classes
Social Classes: Krishna
Fig. 13. Krishna did not believe in the caste system, so he is seen washing a poor man's feet.
Krishnan Society (c. BCE 3000): Artistic Mediums
Fig. 14.
Govardhan Leela
(c. BCE 3212), Opaque Watercolor. United States of America. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
Fig. 15.
Maahkan Mathaji
(c. BCE 3201), Stone Sculpture. India. Karnataka Museum, Bengaluru.
Fig. 16. "Raas Ramva Ja." Bhartanatyam, celebration of Krishna's victory.
. Doordarshan Network, Gujarat, 18 Sept. 1995.
Fig. 17.
Sona na Jeverath
, Gold and Ruby (c. BCE 3190) Handcrafted Ornaments. India. National Museum of New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh.
Krishnan Society (c. BCE 3000): Women's Rights
Women's Rights: Rank
Seen as important figures of the society
Valued for their tasks only
Were not allowed to form opinions during decisions
Women's Rights: Jobs
Required to satisfy husbands by working
Expected to raise the children according to the family's values
Expected to perform religious rituals
Fig. 20. Women were responsible for filling pots with water from wells.
Social Classes: The Caste System
Fig. 12. The ancient Indian caste system was based on family occupation.
Radha, Devaki, Yashoda, and Rukmani are main feminine characters in the epic
Radha provides unconditional love to everyone
Yashoda is a selfless mother who put Krishna before anyone else
Rukmani is a heroic and generous wife
Women's Rights: Krishna
Krishnan Society (c. BCE 3000): Cultural Values


Risked own life to protect others
Cared for those in need
Fig. 21. Krishna lifting a mountain to shield civilians from a disastrous storm.
Aided anyone in need
Protected civilians from danger
Fought against Gods to protect the community
Saved inhabitants of village
Fig. 22. Krishna saving woman from being humiliated.
Fig. 23. Krishna conquers poisonous snake to save village's water source.
Outline: The Epic
Catalyst for Quest
Dreams about his mother being abused
Vows to god that he will save her
Realizes step family is constantly attacked
Hero's Adventures
"Goverdhan Leela"
The "Spark"
Heroic Deeds
Krishna's uncle, Kansa Mama is out to kill him.
Kansa Mama attacks all his friends and new family.
Kansa Mama challenges Krishna through obstacles.
Krishna overcomes the difficulties and defeats Kansa Mama.
Krishna wins and brings hope to the society.
Indra: God of Rain
Vishvakarma: God of Lightning
Radha: Girlfriend of Krishna
Yashodha: Stepmother of Krishna
Nandbawa: Stepfather of Krishna
Balrama: Brother of Krishna
Kansa Mama: Uncle of Krishna
Nandbawa demands that a pooja must be done as a prayer for Indra.
Krishna curtails the pooja.
Krishna demands Nandbawa to worship the cows that are providing him a living.
Krishna emphasizes the importance of the Goverdhan mountain.
Nandbawa agrees to host a pooja for cows and the Goverdhan mountain to show his appreciation.
Krishnan Society (c. BCE 3000): Everyday Life
Contemporary Krishnan Society
Indra is enraged about the village praising the cows and Goverdhan Mountain instead of him.
He unleashes a tempestuous storm on Gokul.
He breaks the river damn and floods the houses of villagers.
Krishna tells the villagers to go to Goverdhan mountain and pray.
Krishna uses his pinky to lift the mountain.
Goverdhan Mountain shields the village from the storm.
Lord Indra:
Caused a catastrophe in the village of Gokul
Cost the life of hundreds of inhabitants
Destroyed households
Kansa Mama:
Informed Lord Indra about Krishna's plan
Assisted Lord Indra in getting support from other Gods
Aided Lord Indra to create the storm
Knew that the mountain was a respected structure that could protect the villagers
Lifted a hundred foot tall mountain with his pinky
Risked wrath from the Gods to protect his village

The "Spark"
Heroic Deeds
Kaliya: Poisonous snake
Rajkumarisa: Wife of Kaliya
Yashodha: Stepmother of Krishna
Nandbawa: Stepfather of Krishna
Balrama: Brother of Krishna
Sudhama: Friend of Krishna
Kansa Mama: Uncle of Krishna
Badi Baa: Grandmother of Krishna

Kansa Mama releases a snake into the local river to poison the water.
Krishna's grandmother is dying and is in urgent need of water.
Yamuna River is the only source of water for the entire Kingdom.
Kansa Mama puts Kaliya in the Yamuna River.
Balram goes into the river to find his lost ball.
Kaliya holds Balram hostage.
Kaliya kills the gopis and cows in the village.
Krishna dives into the river to defeat Kaliya.
Krishna grabs the snake's necklace and yanks it to the surface of the river.
He dances on its head to destroy its brain.
Poisoned the waters
Held Balram hostage
Attacked villagers
Kansa Mama:
Planned to kill Krishna and his family
Poisoned the only river in the Krishnan kingdom
Spread a rumor about Krishna's death to scare the villagers
Caused Yashodha and Badi Baa to hallucinate
Danced on the weakest part of the snake's body
Jumped into the poisonous river to defeat Kaliya
Released Kaliya because his wives told Krishna that he was a father of twenty
Krishna defeated a poisonous snake created by God.
Krishna's victory sent a message to Kansa Mama that his village would always be protected.
Krishna saved his brother who later on becomes the King of Vrindavan.
The "Spark"
Heroic Deeds
Yashodha tells Krishna that his dear friend Draupadi is in trouble.
There is a big fight happening between the Pandav brothers and the Kauravas.
Krishna is told by all the gods to stay away from the situation.
Krishna sees that the Kaurava brothers are winning and stealing everything from the Pandavs.
Duryodhana and his uncle, Shankuni, challenge Yushistira to a dice game.
Shakuni wins everything, including Draupadi
Dushasana drags Draupadi into the court and attempts to undress her.
Krishna makes Draupadi's sari infinitely long and saves her.
Krishna comes down and burns the hands of Dushasana to get rid of all the sins.
Cheated while playing the game of dice
Dragged Draupadi down the hall by her hair and humiliated her amongst the royals of the kingdom and her husbands
Shiva and Brahma:
Advised Krishna to forget about Draupadi
Krishna carefully observes the scene before reacting to Draupadi's abuse.
Krishna does not save Draupadi until he sees the rape even though he knows that it will happen in the future.
Despite getting tired and weak, Krishna continues to supply saris to Draupadi so that she will not be exposed in front of hundreds of men
Krishna went against all of the gods to help a woman who was being humiliated.

Krishna was able to save a woman without support from any God.
Krishna's victory sent a message to the heavens that woman deserve to be respected.
Krishna's deed is said to make the a platform for every Hindu Goddess.
"Kaliya Leela"
Krishnan Society (2017): Social Classes
Krishnan Society (2017): Artistic Mediums
Krishnan Society (2017): Women's Rights
Fig. 27. Social class system is based on the level of service contributed to the society.
Working as house wives in poor villages
Pursuing education in developed cities
Being valued for their service to their family
Casting votes for the federal government
Social Harmony
Strong Work Ethic
Social Harmony
Strong Work Ethic
Krishnan Society (2017): Cultural Values
Fig. 28. Radha Krishna (2016), Opaque Watercolor. India. Gujarat Local Museum, Rajkot.
Fig. 29.
Brass Krishna
(2016), Brass Sculpture. India. Lotus Sculptures
Fig. 31.
Moti na Jeverath
, Modernized Jewelry
(2016) Handcrafted Ornaments. India.
Fig. 30. "Radha on the Dance Floor." Bollywood Dance, Krishna analogies still used in the modern day. Student of the Year. India, 19 Oct. 2012.
People are humble in the estimation of their abilities
Society respects people whose behavior intends to avoid indecency
Indians strive for anonymity
Emphasis is placed on the group and the importance of maintaining harmony within the group
Value placed on cooperation is strongly rooted in the past
Harmony is necessary for the survival of family and group
Social classes based on education and service.
Citizens constantly striving to climb the social class ladder.
Fig. 34. Indian people of various religions and castes support and encourage each other.
Fig. 35. Students focus on their studies at a young age.
Fig. 33. Former Indian President, Dr. Abdul Kalam, inspired youth with his kindness and humility.
"The Dice Game"
Fig. 38. Lord Indra, God of rain.
Triumph of defeating a God
Victory sent a powerful message to heaven
Villagers praised and respected Krishna
Krishna realized the true character of Kansa Mama
Fig. 45. Kaliya, poisonous snake.
Yudhishtar: Oldest Pandav Brother
Duryodhana: Oldest brother of Kauravas
Draupadi: Wife of Pandavs
Shaukani: Eldest Uncle of Kauravas, infamous dice game player
Yashodha: Stepmother of Krishna

Fig. 52. Draupadi feeding her dear friend Krishna before battle.
Fig. 18. Women wear a headscarf to show respect for men.
Fig. 19. Krishna getting married to his heroic wife, Rukmani.
Fig. 32. Indian girls now getting an education.
Fig. 36. Ganesh writing the
Krishna Leela
for future generations.
Fig. 37. Krishna's mother getting her hair chopped off by her own brother.
Fig. 39. Krishna explaining to the village to pray to cows and Goverdhan instead of Lord Indra.
Fig. 40. Lord Indra casting a storm on the village.
Fig. 41. Krishna lifts Govardhan Mountain to protect civilians from storm.
Fig. 42. Lord Vishavakarma who broke the dam that flooded the entire village.
Fig. 43. An accurate depiction of what happened in Gokul during the storm.
Fig. 44. Lord Indra bowing down to Krishna asking for forgivness.
Fig. 46. Krishna playing in the Yamuna River with all his friends.
Fig. 47. Famous painting of Krishna dancing on Kaliya while his wives ask for forgiveness.
Fig. 48. Krishna dances on Kaliya's head to save village from poisoned water.
Fig. 49. Kansa Mama ordering the killing of Krishna.
Fig. 50. Krishna fighting Kaliya in a realistic stimulation.
Fig. 51. King Balrama of Vrindavan who would not achieve his position if Krishna never saved him.
Fig. 53. Draupadi and the Pandavs.
Fig. 54. Pandavs gambling all their possessions away in a dice game.
Fig. 55. Krishna saves Draupadi from Dushasana.
Fig. 56. Dushasana humiliating Draupadi in front of the entire court.
Fig. 57. Krishna supplies sari to Draupadi.
Fig. 58. Laxmi, first ever goddess to be recognized after Krishna saves Draupadi.
Krishnan Society c. BCE 3000
Table of Contents
1. Maps
a. Ancient Map
b. Cultural Map
c. Contemporary
2. Time Period
3. Ancient Krishnan Society
a. Everyday Life
b. Social Classes
c. Artistic Mediums
I. Painting
II. Sculpture
III. Dance
IV. Jewelry
d. Women's Rights
e. Cultural Values
I. Courage
II. Reliability
III. Selflessness

4. Contemporary Krishnan Society
a. Everyday Life
b. Social Classes
c. Artistic Mediums
I. I. Painting
II. Sculpture
III. Dance
IV. Jewelry
d. Women's Rights
e. Cultural Values
I. Modesty
II. Social Harmony
III. Strong Work Ethic
Krishna Leela: The Epic
a. Plot Outline
b. Catalyst for Quest
c. Hero's Adventures
I. "Govardhan Leela"
II. "Kaliya Leela"
III. "The Dice Game"
6. "Govardhan Leela"
a. Characters
b. The "Spark"
c. Synopsis

d. Poster
e. Adversaries
f. Heroic Deeds
g. Importance
7. "Kaliya Leela"
a. Characters
b. The "Spark"
c. Synopsis
d. Poster
e. Adversaries
f. Heroic Deeds
g. Importance
8. "The Dice Game"
a. Characters
b. The "Spark"
c. Synopsis
d. Poster
e. Adversaries
f. Heroic Deeds
g. Importance
9. Literary Handout
10. Works Cited

Works Cited

Literary Handout
Full transcript