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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
what is the industrial revolution?
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Name : maiko higuchi
Date : October 23, 2013
The industrial revolution started around 18th century (1700th)
in great Britain. Many new technologies were being created by inventors, and factories. The world was begging to change in a big way. In the 18th centuries, manufacturing was usually done in people`s home, but the industrialization had made more factories to be build. With this, most of the products were starting to be made in the factories.
Many fossil fuels were used more than before, for the
factories. While industrialization brought an great
improvement to manufactured goods, and to the
people`s daily live, but also made the poor people to
A man named George
Stephen was the the first
man to develop the railroad
in Britain. With railroads,
materials were able to
transport much faster than
before, and increased the trade through out many places. This helped many factories and businesses to grew.
The railroad were also a big help for the coal industry. Before the railroads, coal was transported, and brought to the surface by human hands. But with the help of railroads, transportation became more quick.
Born on June 5th 1829,
Died on November 29th 1921.
He was a railway executive in Canada and became the first president of CPR in 1880.
In the 1870s, two inventors named Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell, was both inventing a device that could transport the voice of a person to another person in a different place. On March 10, 1876, Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell entered into a famous battle over the invention of the telephone,
and Alexander won.
At that time, Alexander called the invention a "liquid transmitter"
Its was a vertical cone shaped
object made with metal, with a piece of parchment covered over
the end at the base. Outside the
parchment, there was a cork
with a needle which was pointing
in a tiny cup with sulfuric acid.
When someone shouts in the
open side of the cone, his/her
voice will vibrate caused by the parchment, and makes the needle move to the cup. The needle was connected with a wire
to a battery. The sound waves was able to travel along the wire to the receiver. During the experiment, Thomas Watson was able to hear the message on the receiver from a another room.
On 1698, the first steam engine was made by an English military engineer and inventor named Thomas Sawery.
It was a invention based on Denis Papin's pressure cooler in 1679. Thomas Sawery wanted to solve the problem of pumping water out of coal mines. His machine
had a vessel which was closed. It was
filled with water, and steam under
pressure was introduced. This pressure
forced the water to go up, and out of
the min shaft. Then cold water was
used to condense the steam.
The steam engines were so important in the industrial revolution because it helped improve the technology and productivity. The steam engines was used for water pumping, farms, railroads, and many other stuff.
Changes by industrial revolution
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Orville and Wilbur was the part of family of
seven. Wilbur was born in Richmond, Indiana
in April 16, 1867. And Wilbur, who is younger,
was born Dayton, Ohio in August 19, 1871.
When these two boys were eleven and seven,
their dad gave them a helicopter for toy.
This helicopter impacted them to make the
airplane. As a child, they played with the toy
helicopter, trying to study how it flies, and
read books and articles that were flight related.
After they graduated high school, the two
brothers opened a printing
shop and created
bicycle business. While
working, their interest
in flights haven't vanished,
and became even more bigger. The brothers have decided to build
a biplane (two wings plane)The wind design was decided when theｙ
were observing seagulls and other birds.
In 1903, the brothers went to the flight- control system patent. They knew that engine was all
they needed to fly. But at that time, engines that is built for lightweight was very hard to find.
So, the two brother made their own, with the help of C.E Taylor.
The three were able to make an 12 horse power engine.
On December 17, 1903, they were able to fly in the air for 12 seconds. The airplane went above 12 feet, and went forward 120 feet before landing back to the ground.
During the industrial revolution, many new machines were invented. Some of these machines were made to do the jobs. Because of these machines, many people lost their jobs, and were forced to move to the city.
Benefits of Industrialization
1. It helped trades, and products were cheaper so poor people
can afford them too. (affordable price)
2. Better transports, which made peoples life more easier.
3. developments of skills
4. Many new products
5. Population grew
New machines to help people farm was invented, which made
farming much easier. But at the same time, many farms were
disappearing caused by the industrial revolution. Many
people went to the city to find better jobs.
Some farm areas were also taken by richer people, to make
Before transportation like railroads were built, people had to
travel by walking. So most of the people were only able to
travel within their own village, and not farther. But when
new transportation developed, people were able to travel
to a far distance place, in a short amount of time.
They helped many factories by transporting raw materials and finished goods to other parts of the country, or to other countries.