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Metaphor and Simile
Transcript of Metaphor and Simile
Dr. Smith Metaphor and Simile
Chapter 13: Literature and the Writing Process Sweetness, Always Let your poetry fill up
the equinoctial pastry shop
our mouths long to devour -
all the children's mouths
and the poor adults' also.
Don't go on without seeing,
all these hearts of sugar.
Don't be afraid of sweetness.
With or without us,
sweetness will go on living
and is infinitely alive,
forever being revived,
for it's in a man's mouth,
whether he's eating or singing,
that sweetness has its place." Metaphor and Simile: Why Do They Matter? According to McMahan, a metaphor or simile “goes beyond descriptive detail by making an association that can only be imaginary, one that is impossible in reality” (518).
Unexpected and imaginative, demanding a deeper level of thought and understanding (McMahan 518).
Make poetry more accessible by corresponding with the experience of the reader Metaphor and Simile Definition A metaphor, according to Oxford English Dictionary, is "something regarded as representative or suggestive of something else, esp. as a material emblem of an abstract quality, condition, notion, etc."
A Glossary of Literary Terms defines simile as "a comparison between two distinctly different things... explicitly indicated by the word 'like' or 'as'" (130). Exercise! With His Venom With his venom
of limbs, Love
strikes me down Sappho Pablo Neruda Love is not literally reptilian; Metaphor ties abstract to concrete "To a wholly new experience, one can give sufficient organization only by relating it to the already known, by perceiving a relation between this experience and another experience already ordered, placed, and incorporated."
-Olney "[Poetry should] be sensuous, and by its imagery elicit truth at a flash, and be able to move our feelings and awaken our affections." - Coleridge I found a dimpled spider, fat and white,
On a white heal-all, holding up a moth
Like a white piece of rigid satin cloth --
Assorted characters of death and blight
Mixed ready to begin the morning right,
Like the ingredients of a witches' broth --
A snow-drop spider, a flower like a froth,
And dead wings carried like a paper kite.
What had that flower to do with being white,
The wayside blue and innocent heal-all?
What brought the kindred spider to that height,
Then steered the white moth thither in the night?
What but design of darkness to appall?--
If design govern in a thing so small.
-Robert Frost Design DISCUSSION: Metaphor or Simile? A metaphor enhances "stylistic vividness" of a text and "affects the way we perceive and conceive the world" (Abrams 212-213). Questions: Metaphor, according to Aristotle, is "the greatest thing by far" for poets, indicating their insight (Harman 321). What metaphors or similes do you recognize in this poem? How can you tell that it is a simile?
What is Frost comparing the “dimpled spider” to? The moth? The flower?
How does the metaphor/simile elucidate the meaning of the poem?
What does this poem say about Frost’s worldview? How does the use of extended metaphor deepen this meaning? How does it guide our response to the poem?
Would Frost be able to accomplish this without metaphor? "In me thou see'st the glowing of such fire, / That on the ashes of his youth doth lie" (McMahan 578) "And down the dark one ruby flare / Pulsing out red light like an artery" (McMahan 638) Abrams, M H, and Geoffrey G. Harpham. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Boston, Mass: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
Harmon, William, C H. Holman, and William F. Thrall. A Handbook to Literature. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006. Print.
McMahan, Elizabeth, Day, Susan, and Robert Funk. Literature and the Writing Process. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.
"metaphor, n.". OED Online. September 2012. Oxford University Press. 19 October 2012 <http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/117328?redirectedFrom=metaphor>. Bibliography