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Transcript of Rwanda
have been affected?
In what ways?
What form does
this conflict take? What is the spatial
extent of the conflict? How long has there
been tension or conflict? What lies at the root
of this conflict? The conflict was sparked by the death of the rwandan president, Juvenal Habyarimana who was a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on April 6, 1994. The French judge blamed current Rwandan President, Paul Kagame, leader of a Tutsi rebel group. Africa's largest genocide
in modern times. Caused it: Hutus
Effected: Tutsis open violence. mass murder of tutsis. incentives: ordinary Hutus
kill Tutsis for things such as
money, food, or land of the
tutsis they killed. There has always been disagreements between the majority Hutus and minority Tutsis but it has grown since the colonial period. The Belgians arrived in Rwanda in 1916 and found Tutsis superior to Hutus. The Tutsis welcomed it for the next 20 years. They got better jobs and education opportunities that the Hutus didn't. There were riots in 1959... 20,000 Tutsis were killed and some fled to neighboring countries. In 1962, Rwanda gained independence and Hutus took their rightful place. 800,000 rwandans were killed, the majority being Tutsis. 2 million Hutus fled to Zaire, which is now called the Democratic Republic of Congo, after RPF (rwandan political force) was victorious in capturing Kigali, the largest city in Rwanda.
The Hutus and the Tutsis.
Sydney Chris, Katelyn Givens,
and Devinne Miller On a global, regional, and
local scale On a global scale, the UN (UNAMIR), witnessed killings but didn't have the
mandate to intervene. The Britians urged the UN to withdraw from the country.
Years after the genocide happened, people tried and are still tryingto help Rwandans
on their feet. On a regional scale, no really intervened. On a local scale the
country's military, rememeber it's a Hutu dominated government, funded and
gave weapons to the rebels. Local officals would round up people and find
ideal places to kill them, since they didn't want bodies on the road so people could
see them via satellite. The French had been supporting the government too.