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End of the War

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Joseph Tawfik

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of End of the War

Truman Becomes President Battle of the Bulge Belgium
December 16, 1944
Hitler wanted to cut off supplies coming through Belgium
Caught Americans by surprise, and since the German lines raced out (bulged), this was known as the Battle of the Bulge
Americans retaliated by destroying the German fuel source
There were 100,000 German casualties The Third Reich Collapses The War Ends in Europe Berlin Americans Soviets February-April, American and Soviet forces converge on Berlin
April 30, 1945, Hitler commits suicide
May 7, 1945 Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz (Hitler's successor) accepted terms of unconditional surrender
May 8, 1945: V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day) April 12, 1945 FDR dies and Harry S. Truman becomes president
Germans surrendered a few weeks later, but war with Japan continued Iwo Jima Mariana Islands American Forces War with Japan February 19, 1945 US Marines land on Iwo Jima
6,800 Marine deaths before island is captured Tokyo Began on March 9
Tokyo and other areas were firebombed with napalm by the US
Napalm is used because it starts fires so accuracy is not as important
This was controversial because it endangered civilians as well Invasion of Okinawa Firebombing Japan Despite firebomb damage, Americans believed Japanese would not surrender until Japan was invaded
To prepare for invasion, the US needed a place to stockpile supplies and troops
April 1, 1945 US lands on Okinawa
June 22, Okinawa is captured Terms of Surrender US wanted the emperor to abdicate, but the Japanese would not agree
This led to the dropping of the atomic bomb The Manhattan Project This project involved the creation of the atomic bomb
Needed materials, so project head established community in Oak Ridge, TN
Attractive because of low population, natural barriers against disasters, reachable by rail and highway, and present water and electric power
The Manhattan Project was kept a secret, including the communities of people that worked for it
This was done in fear of espionage Hiroshima and Nagasaki Economic blockades and conventional bombing used to try to force surrender
August 6, 1945 Hiroshima is bombed
August 9, Nagasaki is bombed
August 15, Japan surrenders Building a New World UN officially established on April 25, 1945
Has a security council responsible for international peace
There are delegates from many countries that meet and discuss topics in order keep peace Nuremberg Nuremberg Trials USA, Britain, France, and USSR created the international military tribunal
This held trials in Nuremberg
22 leaders of Nazi Germany were prosecuted
3 acquitted, 12 sentenced to death, and the remaining 7 were given prison sentences
The trials of the lower ranking officials continued for another 4 years
25 Japanese leaders were charged with war crimes. The Allies didn't indite the emperor because they thought it would lead to an uprising The End of the War
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