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Beverly Baker

on 18 July 2011

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Transcript of Hunger_Doc_FINAL

31.6 million children in 2009-2010 received free or reduced lunch
Eligibility for free lunch: at or below 130% of poverty line ($28,665 for a family of 4)
The National School Lunch Program cost $9.7 billion in FY 2010. Growing
Public Concern Hunger Terms Domestic Hunger Documentary Sarah Newman Alliance to End Hunger 2008 Poll
38% of Americans are now buying
less food
19% of Americans worry about
someone they know going hungry
82% see hunger as a problem in the US
49% see the problem growing Americans Views of Federal Response
to Food Issues:
81% believe ending childhood
hunger by 2015 is an important goal
71% say cutting SNAP is the
wrong way for Congress to
reduce spending Why Are
Americans Hungry? How Do People Get Food? The Hunger-Obesity Connection NSLP Farm Bill Corporations & Social Entrepreneurs Experts Congress There are
Solutions Thank You Social Action Department
Research Presentation July 14, 2011 Food insecurity
Food Deserts
Under or Malnourished Where Do
They Live? 33 Million Adults
17 Million Children
15% of all US households
7.8% of seniors living alone
27% of Hispanic households
25% of Black, non-Hispanic households
20% of Native Amer. households The Faces of
Hunger in America Poverty Food Deserts Gov't programs
Food Banks
Charities Commodity Crop Subsidies
Dairy Program Subsidies
Tobacco Subsidies
Livestock Subsidies
Environmental Conservation Up for
renewal in 2012 Celebrity
Supporters Some Programs That Work Dr. Mariana Chilton Creator
Witness to Hunger Jan Poppendieck
Author: "Sweet Charity" & "Free For All: Fixing School Food in America" Joel Berg
ED, NYC Coalition Against Hunger
Author: "All You Can Eat: How Hungry is America?" NGOs Regional Food
Systems Infrastructure Corporate Agriculture Market share is concentrated among a small handful of farms, removing price discipline and generating cheap, filling food at the literal expense of healthier produce. Commodity Crops Subsidies These subsidies feed obesity-- the price of foods and beverages manufactured with corn, wheat, and soy, are often highly processed and calorie dense, and much cheaper than their healthy alternatives. Thanks to $245 billion in agribusiness subsidies, the price of soda has gone down by more than 20% in the last 20 years while the price of fresh fruit has increased by 40% Regional Food System Infrastructure/ Food Deserts A lack of infrastructure limits many regions' access to non fast and convenience foods. Small farms growing healthy produce have limited access to regnional processing facilities, slaughterhouses, dairy-bottling plants, cold-storage facilities, and distribution hubs. Celebrity Chefs Federal Nutrition Guidelines Supplemental Assistance Nutrition Program Demographics: 2009
48% are children
8% elderly
40% lived in households with earnings Participation Gaps: 
1 in 3 eligible for SNAP go unserved*
1 in 5 of SNAP families report access barriers*
2008: 67% of those eligible participated** As an Economic
Stimulus Every $5 in new SNAP benefits generates $9 in total
community spending.
Every additional dollar’s worth of SNAP benefits generates
17 to 47 cents of new spending on food.
On average, $1 billion of retail food demand by SNAP
recipients generates close to 3,000 farm jobs. We know food stamps are the most effect form of stimulus. The jury is still out on parts of the stimulus, but the jury isn’t out on food stamps. It was a 1,000%.
- Joel Berg SNAP The #1 place where SNAP is used most
The #1 company with the most employees on SNAP Ave. hourly rate: $8.44
Ave. salary of a Wal-Mart Cashier, 2011: $6,000-$11,000/year 
125,000+ African Americans and 74,000+ Latinos work at Wal-Mart nationwide.
Average U.S. income 2009: $50,112 20% of parents of children eligible
but not certified for free/reduced
price lunches reported stigma as a
main reason for non participation

High school students perceived
stigma as a “substantial barrier to
application for school meal benefits” Food Research &
Action Center-2010 Stigma is the Primary Barrier The Old Food Pyramids The New Food Plate Tom Vilsack
Sect'y of Agriculture Lisa Pino
Dep Adminr,
SNAP Janey Thornton
Dep Under Sect'y Food, Nutrition & Consumer Svcs Audrey Rowe
Food & Nutrition Svcs Kevin Concannon
Under Sect'y
Food, Nutrition & Consumer Svsc Kathleen Merrigan
Dep Sect'y of Agriculture *Food Research & Action Center
** USDA/Food & Nutrition Services Causes of Obesity USDA Officials Chef Michel Nischan
CEO, Wholesome Wave
Food policy advocate Ellen Teller
FRAC Dir, Gov't Affairs Enid Borden
President & CEO
Meals on Wheels
Assoc. of Amer. Robert Egger
Fdr & Pres,
DC Central Kitchen Vicki Escarra
ED, Feeding America Corp
Initiatives Andy Fisher
ED Community Food
Security Program Senate Committees House Committees Senate Agriculture Committee
Senate Appropriations Sub-Committee on Agriculture
Senate Hunger Caucus House Committee on Agriculture
House Appropriations Sub-Committee on Agriculture
House Education and Labor Committee
House Hunger Caucus Digital Tools Dan Imhaff Author, Food Fight: The Citizen’s Guide to a Food and Farm Bill http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/11/28/us/20091128-foodstamps.html http://www.ampleharvest.org/iPhone.php 44.6 Million Americans Received SNAP/Food Stamps in April 2011 http://www.jfsla.org/Page.aspx?pid=323 Virtual Food Drive Ample Harvest
iPhone app NYT App: Food Stamp
Usage Across the Country Food Safety
Well-being of rural communities
International trade
Food Prices It's Impact http://feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/hunger-facts/hunger-and-poverty-statistics.aspx http://feedingamerica.org/our-networks/the-studies/~/media/Files/research/state-child-hunger-2010.ashx?.pdf http://www.pbs.org/itvs/storewars/us_stores.html http://www.dhs.state.mn.us/main/groups/economic_support/documents/pub/dhs16_143871.pdf EWG 2009 USDA 2011 http://frac.org/federal-foodnutrition-programs/school-breakfast-and-lunch/national-school-lunch-program/ (source California Food Policy Advocates, 2010) http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1917458,00.html
http://aphg.jhsph.edu/?event=browse.subject&subjectID=31 http://www.yaleruddcenter.org/what_we_do.aspx?id=130
http://www.uspirg.org/issues/toxics-public-health/stop-subsidizing-obesity2 http://www.uspirg.org/issues/toxics-public-health/stop-subsidizing-obesity2 US Obesity Map 2009 Food Insecurity Map 2008 Source: Feeding America http://www.fns.usda.gov/ORA/menu/Published/SNAP/FILES/Participation/2009CharacteristicsSumm Source: U.S. Census Bureau Gary Oppenheimer
Founder of Ample Harvest
Named a CNN Hero in May 2011 Yael Lehmann
Executive Director of The Food Trust Will Allen, Founder and CEO Growing Power, Inc. Martha Noble
Senior Policy Associate
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
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