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Transcript of Commonwealth!!
human rights 2013 19th century 2009 1926 1931 1949 1971 1995 Canada: 1st British colony to be transformed into a self-governing "Dominion" other countries followed (New Zealand, ...) 1867 1884 Lord Rosebery first called Empire "Commonwealth of Nations" (colonies became more independent) 1926 - Balfour Declaration first "Imperial Conference" in London: "Balfour Declaration":
Britain and Dominions agreed that they were "equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another [...], though united by a common allegiance to the crown..." 1931 - Statute of Westminster agreement from "Balfour Declaration" was formalized by UK parliament in "Statute of Westminster" British government could no longer make laws for the Dominions Fiji suspended from the Commonwealth (2nd time) 1949 - London Declaration India: wanted republic + cut constitutional ties with British monarchy, but remain in the British Commonwealth forced to rethink principles of membership: "London Declaration" start of modern Commonwealth: member states are allowed to be republics "British" in name was dropped 2009 1971 - Singapore Declaration first Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM): the Commonwealth's objectives were first outlined in "Singapore Declaration": included core political values that form membership criteria later complemented by "Harare Declaration" in 1991 1995 Mozambique joined as the 1st member that had never been part of the British Empire current Commonwealth members Commonwealth Games Facts: known as "Friendly Games" to support friendship between members share a common language idea first proposed in 1891 (to bring together members of the British Empire) History: 1911: "Festival of Empire", London - to celebrate the coronation of King George V. teams from Canada, Australia, S. Africa and UK competed (boxing, swimming, athletics) first official games: 1930 in Canada ("British Empire Games"), 11 nations Most important fact to remember: The Commonwealth developed from the British Empire and still exists today as a non-political association of countries with common goals! since then taken place every 4 years (except for 1942 and 1946) Commonwealth Games 2014 Glasgow, Scotland 71 nations take part (!) 17 sports are competed in 20th Commonwealth Games What is the Commonwealth doing... ... for the Youth? rights
representation on all levels
act for themselves
being understood & respected
being part of every policy and every action http://static.tumblr.com/yws4gmi/zkwm8e882/cyplogo.png http://youthclimate.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/DSC07980.JPG regional Centers of CYP http://inapcache.boston.com/universal/site_graphics/blogs/bigpicture/cwg2_10_15/c17_25485657.jpg http://www.oceaniarugby.com/verve/_resources/Zoomfiji___91987_page.jpg http://georgiacla10.edublogs.org/files/2010/10/netball1-1ay2vow.jpg http://d1dshl3w05ienl.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/styles/sport-lead-listing/public/images/Delhi-2010-Squash-Mens-7e3.jpg http://tvcontinental.tv/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/mozambique-flag.gif Commonwealth had demanded that Fiji met conditions like holding elections and working towards democracy to stay ... in general? Millennium Development Goals (MDG) http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ due to 2015
agreed to by the United Nations & many others Commonwealth Secretariat’s Strategic Plan Goal 1: Peace and Democracy
Goal 2: Pro-Poor Growth and Sustainable Development http://thecommonwealth.org/files/191362/FileName/CSAPDocsPakistan.jpg Structure Secretary-General of the Commonwealth http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3281/2564421240_21543fcef6.jpg Kamalesh Sharma representative
chief executive of Secretariat
nearly similar to German "Bundespräsident"
max. two four year terms 1887 first "Colonial Conference" http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/images/UGSP00408_m.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ImperialConference.jpg Dominions gained effective legislative independence Task: Describe and analyse the caricature! http://www.toonpool.com/user/5624/files/commonwealth_climate_665315.jpg Important People you should know... Queen Elisabeth II. Head of Commonwealth symbolic function
keeps in touch with Secretary General
visits member states
message at Commonwealth Day
http://cdn.cnwimg.com/galleryThumb/d7befc17cd0fc700ecc4df8f51a9e7ef.jpg?a=aba112 http://thecommonwealth.org/Internal/191086/150757/head_of_the_commonwealth/ The Commonwealth Secretariat http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Shared_ASP_Files/UploadedFiles/%7B62E51EE2-9682-4B15-A30E-821D30F2C176%7D_MarlboroughHouse.jpg executes plans
global, collaborative problem solving
assistance for sustainable development and poverty eradication http://thecommonwealth.org/files/217346/FileName/mhFlags.jpg Facts voluntary association
54 member states
official language: English
2 billion citizens
democracy & development
half of population under 30
most recent member: Rwanda http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Shared_ASP_Files/UploadedFiles/841E15EA-FF7E-46B6-906C-6FD2DEACDD78_rwandaFlag.gif http://www.thecommonwealth.org/files/222302/FileName/Commonwealth_flag.jpg HQ, Marlborough House, London peer counselling in HIV/AIDS access to learning business skills Project Hope: rehabilitate former child soldiers in Uganda Diploma in Youth Development Work provide youth workers with knowledge how to work with young people empower young people in decision making processes
affect social, economic, political well-being Project Examples foundation of British Commonwealth many ex-colonies joined 1955-1965 http://www.nationalflaggen.de/media/flags/flagge-fidschi.gif