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Identity, Self-Knowledge, Society

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Michele Merritt

on 1 March 2018

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Transcript of Identity, Self-Knowledge, Society

Hume and
No Self

Kant to
the Rescue?
+ Memories
Who are You?
What Makes you,
Subjective, Objective,
Transcendental Ego:
That which we can never know as an object but that which is necessary for us to know any objects
Why is this a
difficult question?
Shipload of Problems
How much could we remove and replace
before we'd have a different ship?
What about your body?
I know I exist, but what about others?
Transcendence: 3 Uses
- Beyond us (a la god arguments)
- Condition for the possibility of (a la Kant)
- Non-factical components of the ego (Sartre)
More Problems
for Locke
Socio-historical Minds?
Bad Faith, Facticity, Transcendence
Locke on Personal Identity
Memory Problems?
Why is the self both
knowable and unknowable to us?
Isn't that a contradiction?
All ideas originate from sense impressions
There is no sense impression of the 'self'
Therefore, we don't have knowledge of self

(Similar to Locke - he believes all knowledge comes from experience. But we never have an experience of 'the self')
Identity as Choice: Existentialism
'Man is nothing else but that which he makes of himself'
Existence precedes Essence
Heidegger, Dasein, and 'The They'
Self as Social Construction
Fundamentally, all of our actions are entirely personal, unique, and infintely individual: without a doubt. But translate them into consciousness and immediately they no longer seem to be. - Nietzsche
Hegel and Historical Geist
Marx and 'species-consciousness'
Immaterial Soul
Parfit's Teletransporter
Ship of Theseus Thought Experiment
Locke is an empiricist, which means he thinks all knowledge comes from experience. Any knowledge we have of self therefore must come from collecting experiences we have.
Recall Heraclitus, and Rivers: Why is this still a problem?
Dennett: Where Am I?
Is splitting into two 'selves' possible?
Thought experiment: brain-body transplant
What is a problem with claiming that self = immaterial soul?
Full transcript