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Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers
Transcript of Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers
Separation of Powers Works Created by the framers of the Constitution Separation of Powers Many principles were derived from the Enlightenment Created to keep any branch of government from becoming too powerful It made the government purposefully inefficient Overlapping of power between 3 branches so that no one branch gains too much power The power of the government is divided into multiple branches to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful Checks and Balances Checks and Balances is one of these principles The United States uses the Separation of Powers in our three branches of government Legislative Executive Judicial (Congress) (President) (Supreme Court) Passes bills and makes laws Has the power to declare war and raise, support, and regulate the military Has the power to impeach and can remove executive and judicial officers from office Has a bicameral (two-house) legislature made up of the Senate and House of representatives Oversees, investigates, and makes the rules for the
government and its officers Commander and Chief of the armed forces Executes the laws and instructions of Congress May veto bills passed by Congress (but the veto may be overridden by a two-thirds majority of both houses) Has the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment. Makes executive agreements Interprets and determines laws and bills Federal Judges serve for life Reviews the constitutionality of laws, having the power to declare laws unconstitutional The End