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Valencian Lusterware

Beyond Borders Seminar
by

Maria Emilia Fernandez

on 25 March 2011

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Transcript of Valencian Lusterware

Valencian Lusterware Looking at the objects How is lusterware made? (Brief) Ancient History Background for Muslim
Ceramics and its trade Islamic Conquest of Spain 10th Century Ceramics 13th and 14th century Ceramics 15th century Ceramics Imagery and Motifs in Lusterware Bryony Oranges /
The marguerite Script: Kufic and Latin What catches your eye? Ovens (pottery sites) in Paterna and Manises Luster: a mixture of silver and copper oxides + red ocher + silt + vinegar that is applied after the second firing Green and Brown (Verde y Manganeso) Cobalt (Monochrome) blue Characters of the Paterna wares
(14th century) Alafia (Health) Heraldic Imagery IHS Monogram Umayyad Conquest 711-750
Umayyads of Cordoba - Caliphate of Cordoba 750-1039 Noble Lady and Monk. Paterna. 14th century Lady and the fishes. Paterna. 14th century.
Almoravids 1145-1145
Almohads 1145-1238
Nasrids - Emirate of Granada 1238-1492 Taifas 1039-1085 Spain, Manises lusterware
(15th and early 16th century) Plate, Pharmacy Jar, Pitcher, Handled Vase. Jug, Tall Bowl, Tile, Bowl. Gazelles holding twigs in the oriental style. Paterna. Second half of the 13th century. The Cloisters Collection was mainly purchased from the Randolph Hearts Foundation, it focuses on the 15th century and the majority of the pieces were produced in Manises. Deep Bowl, Malaga 1425-50. Whitish tin-glaze decorated with golden brown luster and greyish blue. Basin with a Horseman Spearing a Serpent, 1390–1400Spanish (Valencia?) Whitish tin-glaze decorated with golden brown luster and greyish blue. Paterna and Manises are only separated by 2km. There used to be a river that separated both cities but it would dry over in the summers, suggesting that these two pottery centers were very much in contact with each other. Simpler wares were made almost in mass quantity to satisfy the demand for decorated glazed eartheware Bowl with castle, birds in profile and dancing ladies. Paterna. 14th century Pottery Workshops How do we know? Documents: letters, receipts, tax documents, etc.
Paintings
Excavations and scientific studies

Dating Valencian lusterware:
Heraldry and Dynastic marriages
Based on themes and motifs Manises in the 15th century Atauriques
(vine-like folliage) Geometric designs Hands of Fatime and
the Keys of Heaven Tree of life Stylized pine-cone filled with palmettes Parallels and spirals Reverses More on Luster Atauriques Tree of life Palmettes Parallels and Spirals Parsley Leaf Disc Flowers Spirals Animals Vegetal motifs Ivy leaves Late 15th century and 16th century ceramics Dot-and-stalk Network Wheels Small Large Crowned "b" Hugo Van der Goes,
Portinari Altarpiece,
c. 1475.
*Two dishes for washing hands (Aquamanile)
*Large dishes for serving meat
*Plates for eating
*Bowls
*Smaller bowls for soup
*Water jugs, completely lustered
*Vases for flowers with two handles completely lustered
*Half a dozen medium-sized mortars
*Small bowls and other small ware
*Bowls for making “dry soups” Boil family, Lords of Manises 1454, Queen Maria de Castilla, comissioned: The luster pigment varies from the silver tone to the more golden brown found on most pieces, and these variations depend on the silver content. As a result of the varying conditions in the kiln the luster also takes on different tones. Umayyad Dynasty and the Taifa Kingdoms (No lusterware but some fine glazed pottery, as well as regular pottery) Italian Maiolica Italian Renaissance Pottery, 16th C. Pharmacy Jar, 1515,
Italy, Sienna. Dish, 1525,
Italy, Deruta. Trade in Europe, 15th C. Arms of Sicily Arms of Blanche of Navarre 1427–1438 Dazzi Family in Florence
1430–1460 How many workers?
Distribution of work
Moors and Christians Malaga or Valencia?
Full transcript