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Transcript of Tolkien
"Here was one of those old images brought to life, or maybe a creature descended in true line through endless years from the models used by the forgotten craftsmen long ago."
- RK 1088
Long was the way that fate them bore,
O'er stony mountains cold and grey,
Through halls of iron and darkling door
And woods of nightshade morrowless.
The Sunderings Seas between them lay,
And yet at last they met once more,
And long ago they passed away
In the forest singing sorrowless.
- FR 252
The Gates of Argonath
"Giants they seemed to him, vast grey figures silent but threatening... Upon great pedestals founded in the deep waters stood two great kings of stone... Great power and majesty they still wore, the silent wardens of a long-vanished kingdom."
- FR 512
“The blue-gleaming blade shore through them like a scythe through grass, and they leaped and writhed and then hung loose. A great rent was made.”
- TT 945
Mythical Confirmation of Aragorn's Kingship
“Here is the Sword that was Broken and is forged again! Will you aid me or thwart me? Choose swiftly!” (Aragorn)
- TT 564
“‘Elendil!’ he cried. ‘I am Aragorn son of Arathorn, and am called Elessar, the Elfstone, Dunadan, the heir of Isildur Elendil’s son of Gondor…” For a moment it seemed to the eyes of Legolas that a white flame flickered on the brows of Aragorn like a shining crown.”
- TT 563-564
Internal Relevance of Myth
“‘No man knows,’ said Theoden: ‘yet ancient legend, now seldom spoken, has somewhat to report. If these old tales speak true that have come down from father to son in the House of Eorl, then the Door under Dwimorberg leads to a secret way that goes beneath the mountain to some forgotten end…”
- RK 1043
Whose shall the horn be? Who shall call them
from the grey twilight, the forgotten people?
The heir of him to whom the oath they swore.
From the North shall he come, need shall drive him:
he shall pass the Door to the Paths of the Dead.
- RK 1023
"one story in a mythology—a system of hereditary stories of ancient origin which were once believed to be true by a particular cultural group, and which served to explain...why the world is as it is and things happen as they do"
- Abrams 170
“The origin of the word hobbit was by most forgotten. It seems, however, . . . to be a worn-down form of a word preserved more fully in Rohan: holbytla ‘hole-builder.’”
- Bowman 94
“A strange name for a strange folk” (Gimli)
- TT 565
“‘He looks as if he were spoiling for a race, and not newly come from a great journey,’ said Beregond. ‘How strong and proud he is! Where is his harness?” … (Pippin) “He will have none. If he will consent to bear you, bear you he does; and if not, well, not bit, bridle, whip or thong will tame him.’”
- RK 997
“‘A legend of Rohan!’ cried Legolas. ‘Nay, every Elf in Wilderland has sung songs of the old Onodrim and their long sorrow. Yet even among us they are only a memory.’”
- TT 651
"'Ai! Ai!' wailed Legolas. 'A Balrog! A Balrog is come!'"
- TT 429
The haugbúi tends to be a homebody and does not readily leave its barrow, and it sometimes become 'miserly about its grave-goods and reluctant to fight the barrow-breaker who would deprive it of even this shadow life'."
- Raduege, 2
“There agelong she had dwelt, an evil thing in spider-form, even such as once of old had lived in the Land of the Elves in the West that is now under the Sea, such as Beren fought in the Mountains of Terror in Doriath… How Shelob came there, flying from ruin, no tales tell, for out of the Dark Years few tales have come. But still she was there, who was there before Sauron, and before the first stone of Barad-dûr; and she served none but herself.”
- TT 946
"The real value of myth lay in the experience it offered its audience"
- Baltasar 28
Literature is mythopoeic
- Coupe 4
Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,
Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone,
Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die,
One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.
One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.
Rings and Myth
"In a sense, the Ring itself is a type of myth at work, and rather than show the reader what to make of the Ring... It is this interaction with story that Tolkien found so important in his portrayal of myth at work."
- (Baltasar 21-22)
- “One for the Shire!” cried Aragorn, “The hobbit’s bite is deep! You have a good blade, Frodo son of Drogo!” (FR 426)
Amendt-Raduege, Amy. "Barrows, Wights, And Ordinary People: The Unquiet Dead In J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord Of The Rings." The Mirror Crack'd: Fear and Horror in J. R. R. Tolkien's Major Works. 139-150. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2008. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 28 Nov. 2013.
Baltasar, Michaela. “JRR Tolkien: A Rediscovery of Myth.” Tolkien and the Invention of Myth: A Reader. Ed. Jane Chance. Lexington: UP Kentucky, 2004. (19-34). Print.
Coupe, Laurence. Myth. Taylor & Francis: 1997. 23 Nov. 2013. Web.
Hiley, Margaret. “Stolen Language, Cosmic Models: Myth and Mythology in Tolkien.” MRS Modern Fiction Studies. 50.4 (2004). 838-860.
Lee, Stuart D. and Elizabeth Solopova. The Keys of Middle-Earth: Discovering Medieval Literature Through the Fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Print.
Stanton, Micheal. Hobbits, Elves, and Wizards. New York: Palgrave, 2001. Print.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Fellowship of the Ring. Hammersmith: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008. Print.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Two Towers. Hammersmith: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008. Print.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Return of the King. Hammersmith: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008. Print.
The Art of Alan Lee and John Howe: alan-and-john.tumblr.com