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Copy of Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba
Transcript of Copy of Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba
Childhood and Memories
The happy days in the family garden
Stories narrated by his aya
Daily family prayer
The death of little Concha
Don Francisco Mercado (1818 - 1898)
He is the youngest of 13 offspring of Juan and Cirila Mercado.
He was described by Rizal as a model father owing to his honesty, frugality, and industry.
Doña Teodora Alonso (1826 - 1911)
She is a disciplinarian, a woman of more than avergae education, a woman of culture and religion, a sacrificing and industrious housewife
from her, Rizal learned the values of warmth and virtue and inherited a practical temperament, stoicism, self-sacrifice, temperament of a dreamer, and fondness for poetry
of Inborn Talents
Indications that the Young Jose Rizal was Intellectually Gifted
He was able to master the alphabet when he was only three years old
At a very young age, he showed great interest in reading
The young Jose Rizal also showed his knack in sketching, painting, sculpture and literature
Rizal's very first teacher was his mother, Doña Teodora.
my mother taught me how to read and how to say haltingly the humble prayers which I raised fervently to God
" -- Jose Rizal
Calamba at the Time
of Rizal's Birth
Hacienda town owned by friars
it is known as a prosperous town because of sugar production
it has fertile soil and favorable climate
The beauty of the town provided the young Rizal the inspiration and springboard to hone his poetic and artistic sensibilities.
The misfortunes suffered by the tenants from the hands of the Guardia Civil and the Dominican friars had ingrained in his young mind hatred of oppression and exploitation of the weak by the strong.
The Young Jose Rizal
Protacio Rizal Mercado
y Alonso Realonda
Born on June 19, 1861
in the family of 11 children
Three days after his birth, Rizal was baptized by
Father Rufino Collantes
at the Calamba Catholic Church
Father Pedro Casañas
became his Godfather
(1861 - 1896)
Concepcion (1862 -1865)
Josefa (1865 - 1945)
Trinidad (1868 - 1951)
Soledad (1870 - 1929)
Saturnina (1850 - 1913)
Paciano (1851 - 1930)
Narcisa (1852 - 1939)
Olimpia (1855 - 1887)
Lucia (1857 - 1919)
Maria (1859 - 1945)
He was a...
physician, poet, dramatist, essayist, novelist, historian, architect, painter, engineer, economist, geographer, grammarian, folklorist, philosopher, translator, traveler, magicain, educator, etc.
He was a HERO
who dedicated his life for the redemption of oppressed people.
The name "
" was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian Saint
Rizal was a product of a mixture of races.
His great-great grandfather on his father's side was Domingo Lamco, a Chinese immigrant from Fukien who married a Chinese Christian girl of Manila named Ines de la Rosa, and assumed the surname
The Martyrdom of GOMBURZA
January 20, 1972
about 200 Filipino soldiers and workmen of the Cavite arsenal under the leadership of Lamadrid, rose in violent mutiny because of the abolition of their usual privileges including exemption from tribute and polo.
their martyrdom was deeply mourned by the Rizal family and many other patriotic families in the Philippines.
Martyrdom of GomBurZa
Letter to Mariano Ponce April 18, 1889
"Without 1872 there would not be now either a Plaridel or Jaena, or Sanciangco, nor would ther exist brave and generous Filipino colonies in Europe; without 1872 Rizal would be a Jesuit now and, instead of writing
Noli Me Tangere
, would have written the opposite. At the sight of those injustice and cruelties while still a child my imagination was awakened and I swore to devote myself one day so many victims and with this idea in mind I have been studying, and this can be read in all my works and writings. God will someday give me an opportunity to carry out my promise."
In 1891, he dedicated his second novel,
The martyrdon of GomBurZa was really inspired Rizal to fight the tyranny and redeem the oppressed people.