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Chowan River Basin
Transcript of Chowan River Basin
Flowing for approximately 50 miles (80 km) before ending in the Albemarle Sound on North Carolina's coast, the river drains about 4,800 square miles (12,000 square km) of land in North Carolina and Virginia.
Counties with the basin - 5
Number of Municipalities - 19
Population - 61,548
About the Chowan
The climate in the Chowan River Basin is a mild one. Its is about 45 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and about 79 in the summer.
Chowan River Basin
By : Stephan Powell
Located in the Western Coastal part of
- 75% of river is in Virginia.
In 1979, the Chowan River Basin was the first water body in North Carolina to be designated as Nutrient Sensitive. Nuisance algae blooms, caused by excess nutrients, prompted this designation. Water quality has improved slightly, but 22% of the waters are considered impaired and only partially support their uses. The pollutant of concern in this river basin is nutrients, particularly phosphorus.
Organisms in the Chowan
Plants - Cypress trees, tupelo, red maple, water tupelo.
Low dissolved oxygen levels
Animals - Black Bears, Ospreys, Chowanoke Crayfish, Green-backed Heron, Gray Fox, etc.
The Blackwater and Nottoway rivers meet in the headwaters of the Chowan.
Natural Attractions and Recreation
Today it has been cleaned up by waste water management and is no longer covered in scum
- Edenton National Fish hatchery
- Merchant's Millpond State Park
In 1972, there was a large
Algal Bloom and the river was
declared dead from its poor water quality and low dissolved oxygen levels. Efforts are stil being made to improve water quality.
The Chowanoke Crayfish is one of the over 500 species of crayfish in North America. It lives in some places along the Chowan River. The Chowanoke crayfish is a species of special concern in North Carolina and Virginia, although their populations are currently considered stable throughout their range, which is the Chowan River Drainage and the Lower Roanoke River Basin.