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The Foundational Principles of Morality and You

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Ricky Villanueva

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of The Foundational Principles of Morality and You

The Foundational Principles of Morality and You
What is morality?
Meaning of foundational moral principle (FMP)
Principle comes from the latin word
means a beginning, a source.

a principle is that on which something is based, founded, originated, initiated.
FMP is a universal norm upon which all the other principles on the rightness or wrongness of an action based. It is the source of morality
Natural Law
It is the law “written in the hearts of men.” (Romans 2:15)

Panizo (1964) states that it is “the light of natural reason, whereby we discern what is good and what is evil……… an imprint on us of the divine light….”
He also utters that it is a law that says “Do good and avoid evil.”

presented by Ricky V 8 GLadis
Where is this Foundational Moral Principle ?

It is contained in the
natural law

All men and women, regardless of race and belief, have a sense of this FMP. It is ingrained in man’s nature. “It is built into design of human nature and woven into the fabric of the normal human mind.”

Foundational Moral Principle
Panizo (1964)
States that morality refers to
“the quality of human acts by which we call them right or wrong, good or evil.”

Your human action is right when it conforms with the norm, rule, or law of morality. Otherwise it is said to be wrong.

Panizo (1964) says:
Mencius states
that all men have a mind which cannot bear to see the suffering of others.... if now men suddenly see a child about to fall into a well, they will without exception experience a feeling of alarm and distress... from this case we may perceive that he who lacks the feeling of commiseration is not a man; that he who lacks a feeling of shame and dislike is not a man; he who lacks a feeling of modesty and yielding is not a man; and that he who lacks a sense of right and wrong is not a man.....
Man has these four beginnings...
(Fung Yulan, 1948, 69-70)
"writings, customs and monuments of past and present generations point out to this conclusion: that all people on earth,no matter how savage and illiterate , have recognized a supreme law of divine origin commanding good and forbidding evil"
"do good and avoid evil"
"Do not do to others what you do not like others do to you."
Golden rule of Christianity
"Do to others what you like others do to you."
The two great commandments
"Love God with all your heart, with all your mind, with all your strength" and "love your neighbor as you love yourself."
Buddhist eightfold path
1. strive to know the truth;
2. resolve to resist evil;
3. say nothing to hurt others;
4. respect life morality, and property;
5. engage in a job that does not injure others
6. strive to free their mind of evil;
7. control their feelings and thoughts; and
8. practice proper forms of concentration."
The Five Pillars of Islam
1. prayer;
2. self purification by fasting;
3. fasting;
4. almsgiving; and
5. pilgrimage to Mecca for those who can afford.
Teacher as a person of good moral character
Teacher as a person of Good Moral Character
"Teachers are duly licensed professionals who possess dignity and reputation with high moral values as well as technical and professional competence. In the practice of their profession, they strictly adhere to, observe and practice this set of ethical and moral principles, standards and values."
(Cosgrave, William, rev. ed. 2004, 78-79)
Four ways of describing Good Moral Character
Being fully human
Being a loving person
Being a virtuous person
Being a morally
mature person
The foundational moral principle is
"Do good; avoid evil."
This is contained in the natural law.
Our act is moral when it is in accordance with our human nature.

Our act is immoral when it is contrary to our
human nature.

Our intellect and free will will make us different from and above the beast.
Teacher as a good moral person
Full transcript