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Cro-Magon

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by

Randa Larsen

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Cro-Magon

Cro-Magon
The Skull
Cro-Magnon's have a slightly larger cranial capacity than modern humans.
They had long, fairly low skulls, with wide faces and prominent noses.
A distinctive trait was the rectangular eye orbits.
Family Groupings and Shelter
Cro-Magnon people lived in tents and other man-made shelters in groups consisting of several families.
As food sources increased, their shelters became more permanent so they would build homes of log or stone.
Smaller groups would join together to form larger groups.
Leaders were appointed to the groups. This was decided either through fighting, religious beliefs, or inheritence.
Communitcation
Cro-Magnon vocal apparatus was like that of present-day humans and they could probably speak. They also communicated through cave paintings and other artistic ways.
Physical Characteristics
Cro-Magnon's were anatomically modern, being straight limbed and tall compared to the Neanderthals.
They are on average 5 feet 9 inches tall, but males could be taller than 6 feet!
They had a more robust physique than modern day humans.
They appear to have had light brown or olive skin tones and most likely had blue eyes and dark hair.
Tools
Cro-Magnon’s tools are characterized by bone and antler tools, such as spear tips (the first) and harpoons.
They also used animal traps, and bow and arrow. They invented shafts and handles for their knives, securing their blades with bitumen, a kind of tar.
Other improvements included the invention of the atlatl, a large bone or piece of wood with a hooked groove used for adding distance and speed to spears. They also invented more sophisticated spear points.

Diet
Their diet was pretty varied. They ate the fruits, berries, nuts, seeds, and roots that they could gather, as well as the animals they could hunt. They also became adept at catching fish.
During the summer months, they would follow herds of animals and hunt. During the winter they returned to their winter camps.
Fire
Cro-Magnon lived in the end of the Ice Age so it was very dificult to get a lightning strike.
They did know how to make fire, using flint and stone to make a spark, but it was still hard to start a fire.
Cro-Magnons got really excited when a lightning strike occurred because a branch or a tree would catch on fire. They would pick it up and bring it back to camp.
Culture
They were the first to leave large works of art, such as cave paintings and carved figures of animals and pregnant women.
They pierced bones, shells, and teeth to make body ornaments.
They also used special fibers to weave baskets, help with tools and to sew baskets.
Cro-Magnon's also had elaborate rituals for hunting, birth and death.
Location/Archeological Sites
Cro-magnons are the oldest modern humans in Europe.
Due to fossils and clues from the past, they lived in southern France and German and also Spain. However, they first emerged from East Africa.
Discovered by workmen in 1868 at Cro-Magnon, in the village of Les Eyzies in France. The estimated age of the site is 30,000 years. The site held 5 skeletons (3 adult males, an adult female, and a child) which had been buried there, along with stone tools, carved reindeer antlers, ivory pendants, and shells.
Many other finds have been discovered in the famous rock shelter in Les Eyzies. Including the first Cro-Magnon find.
Timeline
Australopithecines
(4 million)
Homo Habilis
(2.5 million)
Homo Erectus
(1.6 million)
Neanderthal
(200,000)
Cro-Magnon
(40,000)
Modern Day Humans
(Present)
Full transcript