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The Harmful Effects of Drugs and Tobacco

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Kaitlin Cosgrove

on 21 April 2015

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Transcript of The Harmful Effects of Drugs and Tobacco

Katie Cosgrove & Colleen Doyle
The Harmful Effects of Tobacco
One person dies every 6 seconds from a tobacco-related disease
Over 20% of all deaths in the U.S. are from tobacco
Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals
Tobacco kills up to 50% of its users
More than 600,000 non-smokers die each year from secondhand smoke worldwide
Shocking Statistics
Clincally Approved
little to no harm done when used
Uncertain Safety
there has been no long term or established studies done to recognize levels of harm
Established Harm
scientific studies have shown that there are health risks associated with these methods
Nicotine Delivery
Systems
Uncertain Safety
Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Safer than smoking
Little to no side effects
Highly regulated
Only warnings for specific groups of people such as pregnant women
Examples:
Nicotine Gum
Nicotine Patch
Clinically Approved
Established Harms
Smokeless Tobacco
increased risk of some cancers, including oral, head, and neck cancer
examples: chewing tobacco and snuff
Water Pipes
More smoke inhaled than with cigarettes
example: hookah
Combusted Tobacco
69 cancer causing agents in cigarettes alone
Examples: cigars, cigarettes, and cigarillos
E-Cigarettes
heats liquid nicotine which creates a vapor
comes in a variety of flavors
typically owned by entrepreneurs
Snus
smokeless tobacco from Sweden
lower concentrations of carcinogens and sometimes deemed as less harmful
Disolvable Tobacco Products
usually resembling candy
in the form of lozenges, sticks, and strips
Heat-Not-Burn Products
similar to e-cigarettes but contain tobacco
vaporizes in order to cause less harm
True or False?
Hookah is safer than cigarettes
E-cigarettes aren't as harmful as cigarettes
Nicotine is just as addictive as heroine or cocaine
Smoking a cigar is equal to smoking 4 cigarettes
True or False?
Hookah is safer than cigarettes
Smoking a cigar is equal to smoking 4 cigarettes
E-cigarettes aren't as harmful as cigarettes
Nicotine is just as addictive as heroine or cocaine
Heart Risks
Cancer
Lungs
Oral Risks
Visual Effects
Improvements After Quitting
Old Pro Smoking ADs
New Anti Smoking ADs
Anti Smoking Laws
Environmental Impact
Is Tobacco a
Gateway Drug?
Nicotine Addiction
Secondhand Smoke
Secondhand Smoke
Childhood Cigarette Use
The Cost of
Tobacco Use
showed people smoking as cool
doctors would endorse cigarette brands
targeted towards younger generations
Seeing a smoking advertisement increases your desire to smoke 22%
Lung
Larynx
Esophagus
Bladder
Kidney
Pancreas
Cervix
References
Blood clots
Aneurysms in the brain
Coronary artery disease
Angina
Heart attacks
High blood pressure
Poor circulation
Emphysema
Chronic bronchitis
Tooth loss
Gum disease

Mackay, Judith, and Michael P. Eriksen. The Tobacco Atlas. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.
"Tobacco: The True Cost of Smoking." American Cancer Society, 2012.
"Cigarette Smoking Gateway to Illegal Drug Use." Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2006.
legacyforhealth.org/our-issues/cigarettes-and-the-enviroment
americanheartassociation.com
healthline.com/health-slideshow/quit-smoking-timeline#2
betobaccofree.hhs.gov/laws
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002032.htm
Tobacco related health issues account for over $96 billion annually in the US alone
Smoking a pack a day will cost $5,000 anually
More than $156 billion is lost each year due to lost productivity as a result of premature death and exposure to secondhand smoke.
20 min: HR starts to drop to normal levels
2 hrs: HR & BP revert back to normal levels, circulation improves, nicotine withdrawal symptoms begin
12 hrs: Carbon monoxide levels decrease, blood oxygen levels increase
24 hrs: Risk for heart attack begins to drop
48: Nerve-endings start to re-grow, ability to taste and smell is enhanced
Usually feature former smokers and their stories
Talk about effect on others
Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act (2000)
Family Smoking Prevention & Tobacco Control Act (2009)
Preventing All Cigarette Trafficking (2010)
Certain state laws
After being inhaled, nicotine only takes 10 seconds to reach the brain
Nicotine activates reward/pleasure sensors in the brain, further increasing the habit
Linked to lung cancer, lymphoma, leukemia, and brain tumors in children
Increases risk of breast cancer
Chemicals from tobacco reach breast tissue and can be found in breast milk
12-20% of pregnant mothers will smoke during their pregancy
Cigarette butts are the #1 littered item on U.S. beaches and roads
Leach chemicals that are poisonous to wildlife and can contaminate water resources
San Francisco spends over $10 million each year to clean up city
Nicotine Withdrawal
E-Cigarettes can serve as a gateway to smoking other forms of tobacco
43.9% said they had intentions to smoke cigarettes compared to 21.5% who had never used e-cigarettes
Cigarette smokes are seven times more likely to have tried marijuana; seven times more likely to have tried cocaine; 14 times more likely to have tried crack; and 16 times more likely to have tried heroin.
difficulty concentrating
headache
anxiety
depressed mood
increased hunger
nausea
sweet tooth
fatigue
insomnia
Exposure to pro-tobacco marketing and media more than doubles the chances of children and adolescents starting tobacco use
Early onset of regular tobacco use, by adolescence, can predict lifetime drug use and depressive disorders and alcohol use disorders
Full transcript