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European History Art Gallery

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Daniela Reyes

on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of European History Art Gallery

Henri Matisse
Woman With a Hat
Paris, France
This painting is an example of Fauvism. It was a shift from 1800’s impressionism to 1900’s fauvism, which unlike the former, concentrated on style and technique rather than any representation of life or beauty through the use of expressive colors. Jean Metzinger
La Femme au Cheval: "The Woman on a Horse"
This painting is an example of cubism which was popular until World War I where the movement was haltered. Attempts to bring back cubism after WWI failed due to popularity of expressionism and surrealism Mikhail Larionov
Red Rayonism
Rayonism was a Russian movement that sought to break the limits between time and space, as seen this style is very abstract. Before WWI: 1900-1914 Umberto Boccioni
Dynamism of a Cyclist
This painting is an example of the Italian futurism whose purpose was to show the velocity and movement of objects. Before WWII the fascists of Italy supported futurism with hope for it to become the official art of Italy. After the war Italian futurism became unpopular from the stigma of supporting a fallen regime. Interwar Period: 1914-1945 Kazimir Malevich
Black Square
This piece is part of a movement developed by Russian Kazimir Malevich himself known as Suprematism. This movement focused on geometric shapes and derived its name from the word "supremacy" in order to express pure, artistic thought. Max Ernst
At the Rendez-vous of Friends
This piece is from a series of Dadaism paintings done by Max Ernst. Dadaism was a Western result to WWI, it expresses the dissatisfaction and anti-war sentiments. Salvador Dali
The Persistence of Memory
Location Painted: Unknown
First exhibition: Levy Gallery
Dali is known for his pioneering in the surrealist movement. This movement wanted to describe the relationship between dreams and reality. At this point in Dali's life, he wanted to express Einstein's theory of relativity, hence the melting pocket watches. The 20th Century Museum of Art A walk through 20th century art, literature, music, and architecture. Collection of Mademoiselle Daniela Reyes Post WWII: 1946-2000 Piet Mondrian
Composition of Yellow, Blue, Red
This piece is a classic example of post-war minimalism, transitioning to modernism. Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is set out to expose the essence or identity of a subject through eliminating all non-essential forms, features or concepts Jean Messagier
Juillet à Antennese
European Lyrical Abstraction is an art movement born in Paris after World War II. At that time, France was trying to reconstruct its identity devastated by the Occupation and Collaboration. Some art critics looked at the new abstraction as an attempt to try to restore the image of artistic Paris, which had held the rank of capital of the arts until the war. This European movement is rumored to have been competing with the American expressionist movements. Peter blake
On the Balcony
Many believe pop art developed primarily in the America's, but pop art developed first in the UK.
The purpose of pop art was to confront the traditional/classical styles of art by including allusionary pictures of popular images of the time At Terezn

When a new child comes
Everything seems strange to him.
What, on the ground I have to lie?
Eat black potatoes? No! Not I!
I've got to stay? It's dirty here!
The floor- why, look, it's dirt, I fear!
And I'm supposed to sleep on it?
I'll get all dirty!

Here the sound of shouting, cries,
And oh, so many flies.
Everyone knows flies carry disease.
Oooh, something bit me! Wasn't that a bedbug?
Here in Terezn, life is hell
And when I'll go home again, I can't yet tell.

Written in Terezn Concentration Camp by Anonymous Child I.
We are the hollow men
We are the stuffed men
Leaning together
Headpiece filled with straw. Alas!
Our dried voices, when
We whisper together
Are quiet and meaningless
As wind in dry grass
Or rats’ feet over broken glass
In our dry cellar

Shape without form, shade without colour,
Paralysed force, gesture without motion;

Those who have crossed
With direct eyes, to death’s other Kingdom
Remember us—if at all—not as lost
Violent souls, but only
As the hollow men
The stuffed men.
This is the dead land
This is cactus land
Here the stone images
Are raised, here they receive
The supplication of a dead man’s hand
Under the twinkle of a fading star.

Is it like this
In death’s other kingdom
Waking alone
At the hour when we are
Trembling with tenderness
Lips that would kiss
Form prayers to broken stone.
[...] V.
[...]Between the idea
And the reality
Between the motion
And the act
Falls the Shadow
For Thine is the Kingdom

Between the conception
And the creation
Between the emotion
And the response
Falls the Shadow
Life is very long

Between the desire
And the spasm
Between the potency
And the existence
Between the essence
And the descent
Falls the Shadow
For Thine is the Kingdom

For Thine is
Life is
For Thine is the

This is the way the world ends
This is the way the world ends
This is the way the world ends
Not with a bang but a whimper. The Hollow Men
T. S. Eliot

Historical Note: T. S. Eliot expresses his dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles post WWI. The last shown lines represent an actual historical reference to the Gunpowder plot. Modern Art and the Third Reich

In Nazi Germany, the entire modern art movement was considered "Degenerate Art" because of the concept that it would steer artists away from religious normals. It was deemed modern and subversive, and hundreds of paintings from famous artists such as Picasso were seized. These paintings were then exhibited at theEntartete Kunst as an example to German people of what unacceptable art is. The artists who painted in such styles were persecuted as enemies of the state. Post World War II, literature took a turn into the Post-modern movement. This movement is characterized by the experimentation by writers in the rejection of pre-established standards, homosexuality, and hallucinogenic drugs. The Doors of Perception
A novel by Aldous Huxley
This novel depicts Huxley's afternoon after a trip on mescaline. Famous quotes:
1. What the rest of us see only under the influence of mescalin, the artist is congenitally equipped to see all the time. His perception is not limited to what is biologically or socially useful. Le Petit Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupery 1943
This children's novel is one of France's most famous works, translated into over 180 different languages.
Through this children's novel depicted by a little prince fallen from space, Exupery presents the reader with philosophical observations about life and nature. Anticipations by H.G. Wells

1901, England

Anticipations is an example of futurism in literary work. H.G. Wells predicts the creation of trains and cars, and the resulting spread of civilization. Wells also determines the increasing sexual freedom of men and women. He even predicts the defeat of German militarism. Head is a sculpture by Joseph Csaky made in 1913, it is an example of one of the major movements before World War 1 (Head is an example of Cubism, the other three movements are fauvism, expressionism, and futurism. The Prayer is a 1907 sculpture by Russian-born Constantin Brâncuși during his time in France. This sculpture is the turning point in his career, and part of the onset to the modernist movement. Constantin Brâncuși concentrated on more abstract thoughts, contributing to the start of the modernist movement that would last the whole century. Figure Reclining (1951) is a semi-abstract sculpture by English artist Henry Moore. As seen by this example, modern sculpture is dominated by abstract ideas, shapes, and forms. This is due to a return to a style before WWII itself, such as cubism and more abstract styles. Walking Man I
Alberto Giacometti
1960, Switzerland The Tunnel, 1933
Julio Gonzalez
This piece combines the use of iron from the industrial times of the war with the artistic cubism that reached its height during the Interwar Period of the 20th century. Antoni Gaudi
Casa Mila
Barcelona, Spain
1907 This Design was inspired by the discovery of the Altamira Caves in Spain. Schroder House
Gerrit Rietveld
Holland, 1924 Notre Dame Du Haut
Le Corbusier
1955, France Le Centre Pompidou
Richard Rogers & Renzo Piano
Paris, France
1977 Fagus Factory
Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer
Germany 1911-1913 Thanks for visiting the 20th Century Museum of Art!
Please come again! Sculptures not to scale Shout-out to Mr. Spina! Special Note: This is one of the Collectors favorite pieces.
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