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TOK presentation - Euthanasia

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Salinas Cheung

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of TOK presentation - Euthanasia

Definition of Euthanasia
TOK Question
After looking at different point of views towards euthanasia, here comes my conclusion that by using ethical point of view, we can't come out with a definite answer determining whether euthanasia is right or wrong.
ethic perspective
Religion of euthanasia
The word "Euthanasia" comes from the Greek terms:
"Eu" (Beautiful)
"thanatos" (death)
Why euthanasia?
Voluntary euthanasia
Involuntary euthanasia
controversial issue
room for speculation and skepticism
Types of euthanasia
We should accept euthanasia and legalized it.

A thorough investigation must be carried through, at least the options of three experts (doctors) should be obtained before the act of passive euthanasia.

This will be the best way to perhaps prove that the person is trutly leading a life of misery and pain, with no hopes whatsoever to recover.
The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease.
- Oxford English dictionary
"cry for help"
Wants to die with dignity
Feel vulnerable, worthless and under burden
Someone you love
Physical & emotional pain
Extreme difficulties
Same person might not have the same perspective...
different times of his/her life
Different people might have different perspective...
different emotions and personalities
Optimistic VS Pessimistic
death is natural phenomenon of life.
you cannot decide your date of birth but can decide the date of death.
minimize the pain of death
religion: God will always be with you.
religion: death is the beginning of a new life.
there is no meaning of life living in pain and suffer.
burden of the family.
Miserable and hard-making decision
Financial pressure (reasoning)
Reluctant to treat hopeless patient
discouragement of innovation on new medical treatment
What if one day our technology develops to a stage where we can cure the patients?

If we go through the process of euthanasia, then discover that the patient could have lived.

Therefore, on the flip side of the argument, it is only right to give someone the
full chance of survival
because we never know that what the future will hold for us.
The feel of sympathy overtakes us
Emotion clouds rational judgements.
Rational thinking


Emotional thinking
the right and dignity of life
minimize the suffer and pain
reduce the financial pressure
"resource allocation"
life is the most valuable gift by God
lost of love ones
Knowledge issue: To what extent do we know whether euthanasia is a rightful or wrongful doing?
people have the explict right to die
Libertarian point of view
Dignity of life
Respect our life
People have the explicit right to die
Human beings have the right to die, when and how
In fact, making people go on living when they don't want to violates their personal freedom and human rights
Libertarian point of view
Religion is an organized collection of belief systems, cultural systems, and worldviews that relate humanity to spirituality and sometimes to moral values.
if an action promotes the best interest of everyone concerned and violates no one's right then that should be morally acceptable
death is a private matter
Respect of Life
The problem of suffering
natural suffering
Mortal life = Continuous cycle (reborn)
life is valuable and sacred
given by their Gods and we should not interfere with the natural process of death
(1969.5.16 - 2012.12.9)
Theory of Knowledge for the IB Diaploma (Richard van de Lagemaat)
I want euthanasia- Ben Tang
euthanasia needs the help of medical which this comes to the concern of others' right and duty
doctors have their own right to decide whether help the patient or not
doctors' duty is to save lifes and they are not allowed to take part in any process of killing patients
since you have the right to die, doesn't mean others have the duty to help you with it
people are sometimes wrong about what's in their best interest
euthanasia is not private act- we can't ignore any bad effect it may have on the society as general
this is a universal moral value
should try our best to live instead of thinking how to end it
shouldn't end life just because it seems to be the most effective way of putting off an end
Dignity of Life
Being alive ≠ living
both pain suffering and psychological condition let the patient lose dignity
Ben Tang
fresh graduate
failure of backward somersault
limited movement
some of them do accept passive euthanasia
If religions can accept this, voluntary euthanasia is a rightful death
Ways of knowing (WOK)
Areas of knowledge (AOK)

The Somatic Marker Hypothesis
When making decisions, emotion overtakes the reasoning.
Euthanasia is illegal in Hong Kong
died in 2012 due to bacteria infection
wrote a book named "I Want Euthanasia"
Real Life Situation
Full transcript