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Laura Lehni

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Transcript of kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасы
Qazaqstan Respublïkası

Economy Of Kazakhstan
1.00 USD = 186.098 KZT

GDP per capita: $24,100

Budget deficit: -1.6% of GDP
country comparison
to the world: 71

Export value: $87.25 billion
country comparison
to the world: 44
Government of Kazakhstan: Officially a republic.
reality: authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Factors for Stability:
Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources and naturally temperate arable land.

Kazakhstan has become more ethnically and religiously homogenous after the breakup of the USSR. (This could also be a factor for instability)
The People of Kazakhstan:
Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.9%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.4% (2009 est.)
Major Industries of Kazakhstan
Export Commodities: oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal

Transnational Issues

Kazakhstan is still working on border agreements in the Caspian Sea. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia have agreed, but Turkmenistan and Iran have not yet.

Even though Kazakhstan is the 2nd largest country by land size of the previous USSR states it ranks below Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan in terms of its population size. This is a result of the influx of immigrants (mostly Russians) during the Soviet "Virgin Lands" program who then departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s.
Factors for Instability:
Kazakhstan is still working to develop a cohesive national identity.
The Government is still working on:
managing Islamic revivalism
expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets
diversifying the economy outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors
enhancing Kazakhstan's economic competitiveness
developing a multiparty parliament and advancing political and social reform
strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.
Kazakhstan borders: China,Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan and the Caspian and Aral Sea
Climate: continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
Language:Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of inter-ethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
The "New" Capital city:
Astana was declared in 1997 under its then name, Akmola meaning "a white grave."
The name was officially changed in 1998 to Astana: meaning "The Capital."
17,948,816: Ranking 62nd in the world between Syria and Niger.
Chief of State: President Nursultan Abishuly NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991)

Parties: Communist Party (1962–1991)
Independent (1991–1999)
Nur Otan (1999–present)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Karim MASIMOV (since 2 April 2014)
Party: "Nur Otan"
Нұр Отан
Radiant Fatherland

He has been the country's leader since 1989, when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR, and was elected the nation's first president following its independence from the Soviet Union in December 1991. In April 2015, Nazarbayev was re-elected with almost 98% of the vote.
"[President] Nazarbayev has led Kazakhstan through difficult times and into an era of prosperity and growth. He has demonstrated that he values his U.S. and Western alliances and is committed to achieving democratic governance." -Daniel Witt, Vice Chairman of the Eurasia Foundation.
Yevgeniy Nabokov
Shoukhrat Mitalipov
Marat Bissengaliyev
Borat Sagdiyev is actually Sacha Noam Baron Cohen an Orthodox Jew from the United Kingdom
Borat Sagdiyev
The "Kazakhstan" depicted in the film has little or no relationship with the actual country, and the producers explicitly deny attempting to "convey the actual beliefs, practices or behavior of anyone associated with Kazakhstan" in the "all persons fictitious" disclaimer.

No Kazakh language is heard in the film. Borat's neighbours in Kazakhstan were portrayed by Romani people, who were unaware of the film's subject.

The Cyrillic alphabet used in the film is the Russian form, not the Kazakh one, although most of the words written in it (especially the geographical names) are either misspelled or make no sense at all.

The scenes showing Borat's home village were filmed in the village of Glod, Romania.
Sacha Baron Cohen speaks Hebrew in the film, while Ken Davitian speaks Armenian. They also use several common phrases from Slavic languages.
Trade is dominated by industries and agriculture. Landlocked, with restricted access to the high seas, Kazakhstan relies on its neighbors, especially on Russia, to export its products, including oil and grain. Kazakhstan's economy suffers from an over reliance on oil and extractive industries. In response, Kazakhstan has embarked on an ambitious diversification program, aimed at developing sectors like transport, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, petrochemicals and food processing.
The majority of Kazakhstan's trade occurs with China. They also trade with Russia, Germany, and the Ukraine.
Imports: machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs.
Kazakhstan continues to have border line disputes with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Russia, and China.
Small numbers of stateless persons. (6,942)
Illicit production of Cannabis, poppy, and ephedra. Kazakhstan also serves as a transit point for drugs into other Central Asian nations and Russia.
Timeline of Kazakhstan
The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by nomadic tribes. This changed in the 13th century, when Chinggis Khaan occupied the country. Following internal struggles among the conquerors, power eventually reverted to the nomads. By the 16th century, the Kazakhs emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jüz (ancestor branches occupying specific territories). The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century all of Kazakhstan was part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganized several times before becoming the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936, an integral part of the Soviet Union.

Kazakhstan is populated by 131 ethnicities, including Kazakhs (who make up 63 percent of the population), Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, and Uyghurs.

Kazakhstan has 170 cars per 1,000 people in 2007.
The United States has 820 cars per 1,000 people in 2007.

With a low population density, dissociation centers of industry and agriculture, and remoteness from world markets, the need for different modes of transportation in Kazakhstan are vital.
Kazakhstan has many railways, highways, trams and metro services to connect their major cities.

Russian Orthodoxy moved in with large numbers of Russians during the “Virgin Lands” programs to develop the arable land of Kazakhstan in support of the USSR’s need to provide their own goods rather than trade outside of the USSR/ Communist bloc nations.

Communism moved in with the expansion of the USSR to include the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.
Movement Continued
In Kazakhstan there are 14 provinces (oblystar) and 3 cities (qalalar)

Kazakhstan could have appeared in Eastern Europe, but appeared in Central Asia
Kazakhstan is part of Central Asia/ Eastern Europe, it is part of the Former Soviet Socialist Republics and used to be an important way point on the Silk Route. It could also be classified by its landlocked status.
Major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium, large agricultural development around: grain (mostly spring wheat and barley), potatoes, vegetables, melons; livestock.

Human/Environmental Interaction
radioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with former defense industries and test ranges scattered throughout the country pose health risks for humans and animals; industrial pollution is severe in some cities; because the two main rivers that flowed into the Aral Sea have been diverted for irrigation, it is drying up and leaving behind a harmful layer of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then picked up by the wind and blown into noxious dust storms; pollution in the Caspian Sea; soil pollution from overuse of agricultural chemicals and salination from poor infrastructure and wasteful irrigation practices
Party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Kazakhstan has many environmental issues and concerns: Earthquakes in the south; mudslides around Almaty.
Kazakhs are historically nomadic but have
developed many agricultural methods to
provide for their growing population.
Absolute Location of Astana: 51.1667° N, 71.4333° E

Absolute Location of Almaty: 43.2775° N, 76.8958° E

Relative location Astana: It is located on the Ishim River in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within Akmola Region

Relative location Almaty:The city is located in the mountainous area of southern Kazakhstan.

Relative location of Kazakhstan: In Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in eastern-most Europe. Kazakhstan borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan to the south; Russia to the north; Russia and the Caspian Sea to the west; and China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region to the east.

The major religions of Kazakhstan are Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)
Islam moved in through the silk road and the cross cultural development of the early Kazakh rulers. Under the Mongol Empire, administrative districts were established, and these eventually came under the rule of the emergent Kazakh Khanate.
Things to do
and see in
Made of wood and constructed without nails, the Zenkov Cathedral is one of the bare Tzarist-era buildings to endure the 1911 earthquake. A unique wooden building of cathedral is a beautiful example of Orthodox Church architecture. The walls of this multi-domed church have been painted with sharp colours and the main chapel walls are covered with murals and gilt-edged icons.
Svyato-Voznesensky Cathedral (Zenkov Cathedral of Holy Ascension):
Central Mosque is the biggest mosque in Kazakhstan. This blue turquoise dome mosque has become the central building of Islam in Almaty. It is built with the style of Central Asian Mosques and has 5 graceful minarets, all with blue domes. The famous Green Bazaar and Almaty's Arbat are located near it.
Central Mosque:
This 105m-high monument and the observation tower has become the symbol of the capital of Kazakhstan. It has an observation desk at 97m height which symbolizes the year when the capital of the country was moved from Almaty to Astana. This popular venue hosts an art gallery, a large aquarium and a restaurant too.
Bayterek tower:
The fantastic Aksu-Zhabagly state natural reserve is situated 1000 to 4000m (3280 to 3120ft) above sea level. This scenic 750 sq. km area of hills is listed in UNESCO biosphere. It is home for 1679 species of vascular and primitive plants and around 1274 species of 470 kinds and 70 families are registered under the Vascular plants group. The place is full of juniper woods and different types of tree species. These mountain woods have not been cut since a period of about 70 years. It also offers shelter for 238 species of birds, 42 species of animals.
Aksu-Zhabagly state natural reserve:
The city of Semipalatinsk is situated at just 30km from Siberia. Once a Russian place of exile, this city was home to the famous novelist and writer Dostoyevsky during the period 1857-1859. The house of Dostoyevsky has been preserved as a museum that displays notes for Crime, Punishment and The Idiot. The city of Semipalatinsk hosts other museums which include Abai Kununbaev Museum which commemorates the Kazakh poet and the History Museum.
Famous as the pearl of Kazakhstan, Burabay (Borovoe) National Nature Park is situated in the north of Akmola region. The park has 14 big lakes each of which has an area of more than 1 km and several small lakes. The largest lakes include olshoye Chebachye and Maloye Chebachye, Shchuchye and Borovoye. It is a home for 800 flora species and about 305 vertebrate animal species. The park offers picturesque beauty and a rare harmonic combination of mountains, forests, lakes, flora and fauna.
Burabay (Borovoe) National Nature Park:
Full transcript