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Shelter

Casey & Jake
by

Kate Munday

on 28 May 2015

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Transcript of Shelter

Shelter
homelessness
a house in europe
maryqin.com
a house in Asia
shutterstock.com
a house in North America
habitat.org

Shelter
Slums

shelterboxaustralia.com.au
oxfam.org.au
missionaustralia.com.au
worldshelters.org
habitat.org.au
references
www.cyc-net.org
www.stwr.org
www.slumdogs.org
www.homelessfacts.org
www.youtube.com

Homelessness influences every facet of a child’s life — from conception to young adulthood. The experience of homelessness inhibits the physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and behavioral development of children. Difficulties faced by homeless children include depression, low self-esteem, lack of sleep and nutrition and feelings of shame and embarrassment. These children are exposed to the harsher realities of life.


Abuse:- Many of the street children who have run away from home because they were beaten or sexually abused. Tragically, their homelessness can lead to further abuse through exploitative child labor and prostitution. Street children are routinely detained illegally, beaten, tortured and sometimes killed by police in some countries.
Child Labour:- A common job usually street children do is rag-picking, in which boys and girls as young as 6 years old sift through garbage in order to collect recyclable material. Rag-pickers can be seen alongside pigs and dogs searching through trash heaps on their hands and knees. Other common jobs are the collecting of firewood, tending to animals, street vending, dyeing, begging, prostitution and domestic labour. Children that work are not only subject to the strains and hazards of their labour but are also denied the education or training that could enable them to escape the poverty trap. Child labourers suffer from exhaustion, injury, exposure to dangerous chemicals in addition muscle and bone afflictions.
Health:- Poor health is a chronic problem for street children. Half of all children in India are malnourished, but for street children the proportion is much higher. These children are not only underweight, but their growth has often been stunted; for example, it is very common to mistake a 12 year old for an 8 year old. Street children live and work amidst trash, animals and open sewers. Not only are they exposed and susceptible to disease, they are also unlikely to be vaccinated or receive medical treatment. Only two in three Indian children have been vaccinated against TB, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Polio and Measles; only one in ten against Hepatitis B. Most street children have not been vaccinated at all. They usually can not afford and do not trust, doctors or medicines.
Addiction:- Many street children use a number of inhalants (glue, gasoline, lighter fluid) and illegal drugs (marijuana, cocaine and heroin)
Street children looses their rights to emotional, physical and social development, to survival, health and education, to play, cultural activities and recreation, to protection from cruelty and exploitation, to participation, freedom of expression, access to information, and to a role in public life and personal decisions. Returning these rights, through providing shelter, health, education and training for these children, should be focused rightly. Though there is an increasing number of programs being run by NGOs throughout India, these are not enough to address the problem as a whole.
introduction
to most people who live in wealthy countries shelter and water are the most basic of human rights. this is not the case for millions of people, however, especially those from developing countries. each day they have to deal with the problem associated with unsafe water and lack of adequate shelter.
Youtube

children's bedrooms around the world
928 million people live in slums around the world. The majority of them being from urban areas in the poorer countries. slums have severely inadequate housing conditions. They are often dangerous and without proper sanitation.
a slum is an area with a large number of people living in unclean and inadequate housing conditions. slums are considered to be one of the only large-scale solutions to housing from poor people, particularly those who live in cities where land is expensive. statistics from 2003 indicate that 928 million people live in slums around the world and the majority of these people were in developing countries, with 50 percent of them in south-east Asia.
slums are among the most dangerous of places to live in the world. they often have high levels of crime and violence. the majority of them are also without proper sanitation and a clean water supply,meaning that the people who live there are much more likely to suffer from diseases as a result. people living in slums have a much lower life expectancy and there is a higher rate of child mortality.
Homelessness- What it is?
Homelessness is the condition and social category of people who lack housing, because they cannot afford, or are otherwise unable to maintain, a regular, safe, and adequate shelter. Homelessness- The Fact

Housing is a basic human need, yet the statistics of United Nations Commission on Human Rights in 2005 notes that, an estimated 100 million people -one-quarter of the world's population- live without shelter or in unhealthy and unacceptable conditions. Over 100 million people around the world have no shelter whatsoever. The health consequences of this level of homelessness are profound. The Action Aid in 2003 had found out that there were 78 million homeless people in India alone. CRY(Child Relief and You) in 2006 estimated that there are 11 million homeless children live on the street. The statistics are grim. What is worse is that very little is known of what it means to be part of such horrific numbers.
structural problems
Lack of affordable housing
Changes in the industrial economy leading to unemployment
Inadequate income supports
the de-institutionalization of patients with mental health problems
and the erosion of family and social support. Factors that increase an individual's vulnerability
Physical or mental illness, Disability
Substance abuse
Domestic violence
Job loss
Reducing homelessness will mean addressing issues such as these.

Since homelessness is a phrase in which a broad range of people and circumstances are concerned. Factors that contribute to homelessness are also broad. They include

Poverty:- Homelessness and poverty are attached together. Poor people are not in a position to pay for housing, food, child care, health care, and education.
Drug Addiction:- Data indicates that alcohol and drug abuse are excessively high among the homeless inhabitants. People who are poor and addicted are obviously at augmented risk of homelessness.
War:- It causes unexpected homelessness. People who are in a good position suddenly loose their home due to battle among countries.
Overcrowding and harassment by landlords.
Unhealthy relationships between young people and their parents or guardians.
Unemployment
Divorce:- Anyone in a family whether mother, father or child can become homeless due to separation. Single parents with dependent children are mostly at risk of homelessness.
Natural disaster:- Cyclone, Tsunami and other calamities totally destroy the region. The homes are destroyed and families gets dislocated.
Shelter is a place giving temporary protection from bad weather and danger. The problem is that through out the world innocent people don't have a home rather because of poverty, environment and religious or cultural decisions. people without shelter can be in danger with diseases, health issues and they don't get the human rights to safe drinking water.
urban slums in south asia
homeless children
A person under age 18 who is living in a shelter, motel, vehicle, campground, on the street, in sub-standard housing, or doubled-up with friends and relatives due to a lack of housing. Runaway, throw-away teens and abandoned children are also considered homeless. According to a report published by the United Nations, there are 150 million children aged three to 18 years on our streets today—and their numbers are growing fast. 40% of the world's street children are homeless, the other 60% work on the street to support their families. The UNICEF, World Health Orgamisation (WHO) and several NGO's have got disputing figures in their account of street children. According to CRY(Child Relief and You) about 60 million Indian children under the age of 6 live below the poverty line. The problem has become particularly acute for homeless children, one-fifth of whom receive no education. Children are abandoned, orphaned, or thrown out of their homes. They have no choice and finally end up on streets. It may be because of the mistreatment, neglect or that their homes do not or cannot provide them with even the basic necessities. Many children also work in the streets because their earnings are needed by their families. The reasons for these children's homelessness may be interlinked with social, economic, political, environmental causes or a combination of any of these. UNICEF defines street children as “children who work on the streets of urban areas, without reference to the time there or to the reasons for being there”.
Family breakdown
Armed conflict
Poverty
Natural and man-made disasters
Famine
Physical and sexual abuse
Exploitation by adults
Dislocation through migration
Urbanization and overcrowding
Acculturation
HIV/AIDS
Homelessness influences every facet of a child’s life — from conception to young adulthood. The experience of homelessness inhibits the physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and behavioral development of children. Difficulties faced by homeless children include depression, low self-esteem, lack of sleep and nutrition and feelings of shame and embarrassment. These children are exposed to the harsher realities of life.



extra
poor countries in asia
donation websites
Full transcript