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Understanding History

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by

Coty Carles

on 21 February 2016

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Transcript of Understanding History

History Concepts
How historians use sources?
Event:
Mum is really tired these days
Consequence: She is going on holidays!
Cause:
She is having a lot of work at the office
What is history?
Timelines
Cause & Consequence
How can we find them?
Changes can happen in different areas (for example scientific changes) and different speeds (slow or fast).
A change can be progress (if things get better) or regress (if things get worse).
Chronology
Fact & Opinion
Sometimes historians don't agree. They can disagree because they have different opinions about WHY something happened and they can also disagree about facts.
Continuity
One good way of showing the order in which things happen is a timeline.
It can show events in a day, a year or a whole century depending on the scale.
A timeline tells a story!
Is the study of exactly when things happened.
Putting events in chronological order means to place them in the order in which they happened.
Respecting chronological order is an important first step for historians because once they do this, they can have a better understanding of those events.
Add the events in chronological order! Use arrows and brackets.

Organizing
Past & Present
Time
Tips for making good timelines!
Plan and draft! Decide title.

Think about the time span
Choose the scale! (Divide span time into equal amounts of time)
Choose structure: vertical or horizontal?
Counting Years
Let's practice!!
Change: progress and regress
Is the opposite of change:
Things stay the same!
Why
Many ways
Christian countries count from the birth of Christ (A.D)
As history starts before, we also count years backwards in that point (B.C)
Anachronism
Is mixing things up from wrong time periods.
TIME
OBJECTS
Primary Sources
Come from the time the historian is studying.

Secondary Sources
Do not come directly from the event the historian is studying.
They are based on other sources.
Sources
In order to know what happened in the past, historians use sources.
Written
Archeology
Buildings

Objects
There are two main types: primary and secondary sources.
Clothes
Interpret: What are they saying?
Reliable: Can we trust what they are saying?
What am I studying?
Which type of sources am I using?
Evidence
History is what historians produce by using, interpreting and evaluating sources in order to work out what happened in the past. It's not the past itself, it's an idea about what might have happened and why!
Sources
Personality
Knowledge
Experience
Event
Cause
Consequence
Write down the event you want to study.
Cause: Why did it happen? Which actions took to that event? Events usually have more than one cause.
Result, effect, conclusion.
Full transcript