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Don Quixote

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Marisa Estipona

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Don Quixote

Thank you

“For me alone was Don Quixote born, and I for him; it was his to act, mine to write…”


Now I give him to you.


Thank you!


Setting
•The rise of Spanish power & its fall

•Much of Spain’s wealth was spent on expensive foreign wars

•Inflation controlled the country

•Gap between wealthy and poor continuously grew

•Chivalric codes were irrelevant
Introduction to the Work
•Originally titled
El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha
•Part 1 of
Don Quixote
published in 1605

•Part 2 of
Don Quixote
published in 1615


Don Quixote
did not make Cervantes wealthy

•Influenced many artists and works

•“Bogus” sequel
Genre
•Satire/Parody of chivalric romances

•Adventure

•Picaresque Novel

•Tragedy/Comedy
Why is
Don Quixote
a classic?
•Credited as being the first modern novel

•Brought the realistic troubles of the common man onto paper


Don Quixote
is relatable to people of all ages


Don Quixote’s
fame went beyond the borders of Spain and greatly influenced other writers and their works:
◦William Shakespeare’s
Cardenio
◦Gustave Flaubert’s
Madame Bovary
◦Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s
The Idiot
◦Franz Kafka’s
The Truth About Sancho Panza
… and has inspired the popular musical,
The Man of La Mancha
, and the artwork of Pablo Picasso
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (1547-1616)
•Born on September 29, 1547
•Novelist, Poet, and Playwright
•From 1571-1574, Cervantes served in the military
•He lost use of his left hand during the battle of Lepanto in 1571
•Worked as a government tax collector
•Imprisoned in Seville on charges of misplacing tax monies
•During imprisonment, Cervantes formed
Don Quixote
•His fame spread beyond Spain
•Died in Madrid on April 23, 1616, supposedly the same date as William Shakespeare’s death
Other Major Works
•Cervantes wrote many poems, plays, and stories, but many were lost

•Cervantes is primarily known for his novel, Don Quixote

•Among his other major works include:
◦La Galatea (1585)

◦Exemplary Novels (1613)

◦Voyage to Parnassus (1614)

◦The Travels of Persiles and Sigismunda (posthumously 1617)
By Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Marisa Estipona
AP English Literature
Period 1
23 February 2015

Summary: Part 1
In La Mancha, a middle-aged man named Alonso Quixano lives. He has read so many romantic stories filled with chivalrous ideals that he goes out of his mind and decides to become a knight who fights wrong and defends the weak. He changes his name to Don Quixote de la Mancha, puts on a rusty old suit of armor, and renames his old horse Rocinante. He even fantasizes that he is in love with a princess named Dulcinea. Don Quixote convinces a peasant named Sancho Panza to become his “squire.” Together, they embark on an adventure to right the evils in the world, leaving their family and friends behind. However, Don Quixote’s mad delusions cause the two companions to run into troubles. Throughout the journey, Sancho attempts to correct Don Quixote’s fantasies. Later, Don Quixote is successfully brought back home by his friends, ending Part 1 of the novel.
Summary: Part 2
The six weeks of rest has not cured Don Quixote from his delusions. Don Quixote discovers that an evil enchanter has turned Dulcinea, the imaginary love of Don Quixote’s life, into a peasant. Don Quixote and his loyal squire, Sancho Panza, embark on another journey, this time, to reverse the curse. In the end, Don Quixote returns home, defeated and disappointed in Dulcinea’s enchantment. He gathers his friends and announces to them, “I am no longer Don Quixote de la Mancha, but Alonso Quixano,...”. In the end, Don Quixote dies.
Criticisms
•"Don Quixote is a mirror held up not to nature, but to the reader” -Harold Bloom

•“His delusion is the result of a long secretly sustained wish to rise above the dullness of his monotonous life, have adventures, and distinguish himself”- Gerald Brenan

•“[Don Quixote] is not even one of the greatest novels of the world, but its hero, … looms so wonderfully above the skyline of literature, … that the book lives and will live …” - Vladimir Nabokov

•“We do not merely read the text; the text has the power to read us. It makes us see things about ourselves that we hadn’t been aware of before.” - Carroll B. Johnson
Don Quixote
Full transcript