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Subject Predicate Agreement

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nazgol kafaei

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Subject Predicate Agreement

What are the parts of a sentence?
Group of smaller terms used to make a sentence
A sentence must include a subject and a predicate
The main part of the predicate is a verb

Pre-Test Questions
1. What is the subject of this sentence?

Across the water, through the doors of Hogwarts, on the steps, sits Harry potter.

2. What is the predicate?

Lucius Malfoy is the father of Slytherin member, Draco.

Answer:

Harry Potter!
Answer:

is the father of Slytherin member, Draco.
3. Either Hermione or Fred and
George Weasley has/have
ginger coloured hair.
Answer:

Have
4. Each of the members in Gryffindor house possesses/possess courage, chivalry, and determination qualities.

Answer:

Possesses!
5. Professor McGonagall, along with Professor Snape, is/are a head of house at Hogwarts school of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
Answer:

Is
Why is Subject Predicate Agreement important?
A disagreement between subjects and predicates leads to confusion, distraction, a lack of sentence flow, and incorrect identification of subjects.
What is a subject?
"What" or "whom" the sentence is about.
Can be a noun, a pronoun, or sometimes an entire clause
To identify a subject, isolate the verb first. Then, pose the question "who" or "what" before the verb. The answer of the question is your subject(s).
Example:
Harry Potter, the main character, is a wizard who studies at Hogwarts school of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

“Who is a wizard…?”

Answer= Subject: Harry Potter

What is a predicate?
The verb + any other information stating something about the subject
Essentially, everything other than the subject
Example
:
Hermione and Ron
are

members of the Gryffindor house at Hogwarts.


Subject: Hermoine and Ron
Verb: are
Predicate: are members of the Gryffindor house at Hogwarts


Does the subject always come before the verb?
1. In a question

Will

Hermoine
take Harry to the ball?

2. Sentences beginning with here/there

Here
comes
the
golden snitch
!

3. Sentences beginning with a prepositional phrase

Across the Great Lake,
lies

Hogwarts castle
.

Subject-Predicate Agreement
The verb must agree in
number
and in
person
(gender) with the subject.
Simple Subject
A simple subject is when the sentence has only one subject

Example:

Voldemort

has

a funky nose.
In this example, Voldemort is the only subject meaning it is singular. It is also masculine. Voldemort can be replaced with "He" in the third person singular. The subject agrees with the verb, "has."
Compound Subject
There is more than one subject in the sentence. Typically they are separated by commas, or by the conjunction "and."
Fred and George

are
the ginger, Weasley twins.

In this sentence, both Fred and George are the subjects as there is "And" between them. This calls for a verb agreement in the third person plural because Fred and George can be replace by "they are."

Bellatrix, Umbridge, and Narcissa
represent
the old evil ladies society in Harry Potter.

Since we have three subjects, it is a plural subject. It is also in the third person plural; hence, it is “they represent” to agree with its subjects.

Examples:
Grammar Rules and Common Errors!
1. When the following words: each, every, everyone, everybody, someone, anyone, anybody, no one, and nobody are the subjects or precede the subject in a sentence, treat them as singular subjects agreeing with singular verbs. If the gender can be either masculine or feminine, make sure to include both genders.
Example!

Each

of the wizards at Hogwarts

studies

potions.
The subject of the sentence is not wizards, instead it is "each." Each is a singular subject. Each can be replaced by the third person singular, he or she. Therefore, the verb is studies.
Example!
Anybody
who
defies
the Dark Lord will be subject to the Avada Kedavra death spell.
Anybody is the subject of the sentence. Since it is an indefinite pronoun, it is singular. It can be replaed with the third person singular, he or she, therefore, it agrees with "defies."
2. When using either/or and neither/nor, the verb must agree with the subject closest to it.
Example!
Either
Harry potter
or
Voldemort

lives
.
Neither
Bellatrix Lestrange
nor
the Death Eaters
like
Dumbledore.
Either the
Weasley twins
or
Ron

is
the favorite ginger.
Neither
Draco Malfoy
nor
the members
of Ravenclaw
are
best friends with Gryffindor members.
3. Collective nouns that are in plural form agree with singular verbs.
News
spreads

quickly through the Ministry of Magic.
News is a collective noun which acts as a singular noun, therefore, it must agree with a singular verb. The third person singular conjugation for the verb "to spread" is spreads.
4. Phrases such as: accompanied by, along with, as well as, in addition to, including, no less than, not to mention, together with DO NOT make a compound subject.
Dumbledore
, along with Hagrid,
mentors
Harry Potter.
Dumbledore is the only subject of the sentence. Though it may appear it is a compound subject with Hagrid, it is not. Dumbledore is third person singular, so the verb agreement is mentor
5. Linking verbs, such as the verb "to be" agree with their subjects, not their complements (objects).
Fleur Delacour's
problem

is
the Goblet of Fire maze.

The
Goblet of Fire mazes

are
Fleur Delacour's problem.
Note that the sentence inversion affects the subject-predicate agreement.
6. The verb in a relative clause (who, which, that) must agree with the relative pronoun's antecedent (the word the pronoun stands for). Always ask yourself what the relative pronoun refers to.
Example!

Harry
decided to destroy
horcruxes
,
which

are
pieces of Voldemort's soul.
We can change this example to being, "Harry decided to destroy horcruxes. Horcruxes are pieces of Voldemort's soul."

By doing so, we can see that the pronoun which is referring to the word horcruxes. Horcruxes is a plural word, and thus can be replaced by the third person plural tense: "they are."
Example!
Hermione Granger
, a member of the Gryffindor house,
who

is
a mudblood,
is
a genius.
The relative pronoun, "who" replaces Hermione. Hermione is a singular subject; therefore, it agrees with the verb in the third person singular, "is."
7. The subject of a sentence will not be part of the prepositional phrase (usually beginning with of).
A
bouquet
of flowers
was sent
to Cho Chang.
Since this has a prepositional phrase, the subject is bouquet. Bouquet is singular, so the verb "was sent" agrees with the subject
If a pronoun is used as part of your predicate, your must ensure that it too agrees with its antecedent in number and gender. Indefinite pronoun antecedents that replace a person mush have both the feminine singular verb and masculine singular.
Examples!
Each
of the members in Slytherin
has

his
or
her
broom.
Harry Potter and Hermione Granger

are working
on
their
house points.
Every
chaser in the game of Quidditch

chases

his or her

Quaffle.
Thank you!
Test questions!
1. What is the subject?
Mad-eye moody counsels Harry for the Triwizard tournament.
2. What is the predicate?
Luna and Dobby are the best characters in Harry Potter.
Test questions!
3. Either Snape or the death eaters is/are the most evil.
4. Every week, each of the Gryffindor students visits/visit his/her/ his or her/their families.
5. Hagrid, along with his pet dragon, visit/visits the Forbidden Forest.
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