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Conditionals

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by

Simona Dambkauskaite

on 17 May 2014

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Transcript of Conditionals

The if-clause can come before or after the main clause. When it comes before the main clause, the two clauses are separated with a comma.
The main types of conditionals
are:
Type 0
Type 1
Type 2
Type 3
Type 0
Type 0 conditionals are used to express a general truth or a scientific fact. We can use
when
(=whenever) instead of if in this case.
Conditionals
Conditionals are clauses introduced with if. They consist of two parts: the if-clause and the main clause.
Sąlygos sakiniai - tai sakiniai pradedami "If" (lt: jeigu).
Jie susideda iš dviejų dalių: If formos (šalutinio sakinio) ir pagrindinio sakinio.
Šalutinis sakinys gali būti prieš arba po pagrindinio sakinio. Kai šalutinis sakinys būna prieš pagrindinį, tai sakinius reikia atskirti kableliu.
If you drive carefully,
you won't have an accident.
or
You won't have an accident
if you drive carefully.
Pagrindiniai sąlygos sakinių tipai yra šie:
0 tipas
1 tipas
2 tipas
3tipas
Sąlygos sakinių 0 tipas naudojamas išreikšti bendrą tiesą arba mokslinius faktus. Šiuo atveju vietoje "If" galima naudoti "
when
(=whenever)" .
If-clause

Main clouse
If +
present simple

present simple

If/
When
you
mix
red and yellow,
you
get
orange.
Type 1
Type 1 conditionals (real present) are used to express real or very probable situations in the present or future.
Sakiniai, reiškiantys realias, įvykdomas sąlygas, paprastai liečia ateitį.
If-clause Main clause
If+present simple/
present continuous/
present perfect/present perfect cont.
future/imperative/can/may/must/should/could+present bare infinitive
(go to)
If I
get
paid today, I
will threat
you to a meal tonight.
If I
finish
the project on time, I
may take
a few days off.
If the fire alarm
goes off
,
evacuate
the building immediately.
If they
are studying
, I
won't make
any noise.
If she
hasn't cooked
dinner, we
will order
a takeaway.

We can use when instead of if in Type 1 conditionals.
If
means that something
may
happen.
When
means that something will definitely happen.
Galima naudoti "when" vietoje if 1 tipo sąlygos sakiniuose:
If jei reiškia, kad kažkas gali atsitikti.
When jei reiškia, kad kažkas tikrai įvyks.
If
he calls, I will tell him the news.(but might not call)
When
he calls, I will tell him the news.(he will definitely call)
Type 2
Type 2 conditionals (unreal present) are used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the present or future.
We can use were instead of was for all persons in the if-clause.We can also use the structure If I were you ... to give advice.
Sakiniai, reiškiantys nerealias, faktams prieštaraujančias sąlygas, liečiančias dabartį arba ateitį.
Galima naudoti was vietoj were visiems asmenims if-formoje.Taip pat galima naudoti struktūrą If I were you ... norint patarti
If+past simple or past continuous
would/could/might+present bare infinitive
If-clause
Main clause
If I
got up
early, I
would arrive
at work on time.
If we
were earning
more money , we
could buy
a house by the sea.
If I
were
you, I
would attend
a computer course
Type 3
Type 3 conditionals (unreal past) are used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the past. They are also used to express regrets or criticism.
Sakiniai, reiškiantys nerealias sąlygas, susijusias su praeitimi. Taip pat naudojami išreikšti apgailestavimą ar kritiką.
Unless means if not. It is followed by a verb in the affirmative.
Unless reiškia jei ne, po jo nevartojami neigiami veiksmažodžiai.
Unless
it
stops
snowing, the plane won't take off.
(
If
it
doesn't
stop snowing...)
We can form conditionals by using words or expressions such as
unless
(Type 1),
providing/provided that
,
so/as long as
,
suppose/supposing
,
on condition that
.
Sąlygos sakinius galima sudaryti naudojant posakius, pavyzdžiui:
unless
(Typas 1),
providing/provided that
,
so/as long as
,
suppose/supposing
,
on condition that
.
If they
had invited
us, we
would have gone
to the party.
If he
had been listening
, he
might have heard
what the teacher said.
would/could/might+present bare infinitive
If+ past perfect/past perfect continuous
If-clause
Main clause
Unless
they
have
a ticket, they won't get into the theatre.(=If they don't have a ticket...)
I will pick your clothes up from dry cleaner's
providing/provided that
I finish work before three o'clock (=...if I finish work...)
So/As log as
you behave yourself you can come with me. (=if you behave yourself...)

Mixed Conditions
We can mixed conditionals, if the context permits it, by combing an if-clause from one type with a main clause from another.
Galima vartoti skirtingus sąlygos sakinių tipus, jei kontekstas leidžia, derinant If-formą iš vieno tipo, pagrindinę sąlygą iš kitos.
If I
liked
pop music, I
would have come
to the concert with you.
(Type 2)
(Type 3)
If you
hadn't left
the map at home, we


would't be
lost now.
(Type 3)
(Type 2)
Parengė:
Simona Dambkauskaitė IVbg
2014m
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