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Bracero Program + Zoot Suit Riots
Transcript of Bracero Program + Zoot Suit Riots
American president Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Mexican president Manuel Ávila Camacho in Monterey to discuss Mexico as part of the Allies in World War II and the Bracero Program. The Bracero Program was initially prompted by a demand for manual labor during World War II and began with the U.S. government bringing in a few hundred experienced Mexican agricultural laborers to harvest sugar beets in the Stockton, California area The Zoot Suit Riots were in part the effect of the infamous Sleepy Lagoon murder which involved the death of a young Latino man in a barrio near Los Angeles The incident triggered similar attacks
against Latinos in Beaumont, Chicago,
San Diego, Detroit, Evansville,
Philadelphia, and New York.
a period of rising tensions between American servicemen stationed in southern California and Los Angeles' Mexican-American community a period of rising tensions between American servicemen stationed in southern California and Los Angeles' Mexican-American community Year Number of Braceros Applicable U.S. Law
1942 4,203 wartime
1943 89,200 wartime
1944 62,170 wartime
1945 44,600 wartime The railroad bracero program was independently negotiated to supply U.S. railroads initially with unskilled workers for railroad track maintenance but eventually to cover other unskilled and skilled labor. By 1945, the quota for the agricultural program was more than 75,000 braceros working in the U.S. railroad system and 50,000 braceros working in U.S. agriculture at any one time. The railroad program ended with the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
BRACERO PROGRAM Two conflicts between Mexicans and military personnel had a great effect on the start of the riots. A week later First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt commented on the riots in her newspaper column, which the local press had largely attributed to criminal actions by the Mexican-American community.
"The question goes deeper than just suits. It is a racial protest. I have been worried for a long time about the Mexican racial situation. It is a problem with roots going a long way back, and we do not always face these problems as we should." – June 16 Eleanor Roosevelt Zoot Suit riots an agreement with the U.S. and Mexico braceros being fumigated Zoot Suit riot in LA The Bracero Program + Zoot Suit riots