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Transcript of Christianity
The Bible is a compilation of 66 books and letters written by more than 40 authors during a period of approximately 1,500 years.
Life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
Christianity developed out of Judaism.
Those who follow Jesus are called "Christians."
Christianity started about 2000 years ago in Judea (present-day Israel) with Jesus Christ and His faithful group of disciples.
Liturgy/ Common Worship
Feast, Rites & Celebrations
Place of Worship
By: Mae, Maykee, Kuol, & Kyle
God is the eternal being who created all things.
He's both transcendent and immanent.
God is absolutely, intrinsically, inherently, self-existently Good, Holy, and Love and the source of all goodness, holiness and love within his creation.
It is believed that God has revealed Himself in His natural creation as a personal God to his people, and subsequently revealed Himself supernaturally in the incarnation of His Son, Jesus Christ.
The concept of salvation is rooted in Israel's deliverance from Egypt in the book of Exodus.
The central theme of the Bible is God's plan of salvation--his way of providing deliverance from sin and spiritual death through repentance and faith.
Creed & Major beliefs
The most common creed used in Christianity. The creed was formulated to repudiate Arianism and clearly states that Christ is eternal and part of the trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
The Nicene Creed
This creed is probably the earliest of the main creeds used in Christianity today. The name derives from the legend that the twelve apostles of Christ contributed to it. It gives a clear summary of Christian belief.
The Apostles Creed
Birth/Purpose of Life
Beliefs on Death &
Life After Death
Compare & Contrast
reveals the source of salvation:Jesus Christ.
By faith in Jesus, believers are saved from God's judgment of sin and its consequence, which is eternal death.
Priests, bishops, ministers, monks,
Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Belief of God
One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Only one God
Second coming of Jesus
Aramaic, Common ( Koine) Greek, Hebrew
Son of God
a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [ Jesus the son of Mary (not God)]
On Food/ Drink
Though the Old Testament of the Bible says certain meats should not be consumed, Christians usually feel this information does not apply to them and so they eat what they want to eat.
Muslims are only supposed to eat foods that are considered halal.
Founders & Early Leaders
Jesus, Peter, Paul, and the Apostles
Muhammad, Abu Bakr
Angels, demons, spirits
Angels, demons, spirits, jinn ( genies)
Our immaterial soul and spirit will be separated from our physical body.
We will immediately receive the judgment that will determine our eternal destiny.
The soul in heaven is made perfect in holiness and our old sin nature is eradicated.
Christians believe that birth is a miracle, and the birth of a child is a gift from God to their parents.
God created each person for a distinct purpose.
No human being can be considered unnecessary.
No one person is more important than another.
According to the Bible, our purpose is for God's glory.
proclaim His greatness
accomplish His will
enjoy the abundant gifts God has given mankind
Our lives are to be lived for Him and we are to follow the teachings of Jesus so we may be reunited with God in heaven.
The Ten Commandments
These 10 beneficial laws were given by the Creator God to show us how to live a better life now and please God forever.
worship only God
keep the sabbath
Given to Moses from Mount Sinai.
The two great commandments that contain the whole law of God are:
"Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy heart, and with thy soul, and with thy mind, and with thy strength."
"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."
Jordan River(Qasr el yahud)
Mount of temptation
- is the oldest form of Christian worship
Beliefs and Practices of liturgy/common worship:
The heart of most liturgical worship is the Eucharist (Communion), rather than the word (sermon) as in most evangelical services.
icons (in the case of Orthodox churches.)
Liturgical worship is traditional- the liturgy is a tradition that has been handed down for many years.
Many of the same prayers and creeds are recited each Sunday.
Liturgical worship is a much more communal event than traditional.
Communal confession- “Lord have mercy,” that reminds the worshipers that everyone is in need of forgiveness.
Passing of the peace
Celebrates the liturgical year, or the church calendar.
Have something visual that helps proclaim the faith:
Home bible study
Pope is the earthly head of the Roman Catholic Church and is considered by Roman Catholics to be the successor of Simon Peter. The Pope is also sovereign of the Vatican City State. (Pope Francis)
Priests lead congregations.
Bishops administer groups of parishes and ordain the priests and deacons.
Deacons help the bishops administer church tasks.
Bishops of important dioceses (archdioceses) are called "archbishops," and usually have supervisory duties over bishops within the archdiocese.
Cardinals- powers include electing a Pope when the old one dies or resigns.
Ministers, reverends and preachers
Priests, Bishops, Deacons, Archbishops, and Cardinals
Marks the start of the Christian year.
A season of expectation and preparation as the Church looks forward to celebrating the birth of Christ.
The celebration of Jesus’s Birth, the incarnation.
The of 6th January marks the beginning of the season of Epiphany.
Epiphany means manifestation and the traditional observation begins with the celebration of the visit of wise men from the East.
Christ reveals himself to be the Son of God.
The Calendar includes two periods of Ordinary Time:
Allows for more uninterrupted reading of scripture in sequence, for the exploration of
The season is traditionally marked by self-examination, fasting and preparation for Easter.
Christians reflect on the biblical account of Jesus in the wilderness, being tested by Satan.
The beginning of a journey of the imagination which takes us to the Upper Room for the Last Supper on Maundy Thursday, through Jesus' betrayal, trial and crucifixion on Good Friday.
Celebrated for fifty days culminating in the feast of Pentecost.
On the fortieth day Christ's ascension to heaven is celebrated.
an extended period after Pentecost
a much shorter time between Candlemass and Ash Wednesday.
Emphasizes Christ's sacrifice.
Symbolized the Holy Spirit & used in
representations of Jesus' Baptism and the Pentecost
Used amongst Christians of early
church years as a symbol of Jesus Christ.
Reading the Bible
Anointing of the sick