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Preservation of Indigenous Languages

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Jasmine Ghai

on 24 June 2013

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Transcript of Preservation of Indigenous Languages

Preservation of indigenous languages!
*Indigenous languages all over the world are in danger of extinction
* 90% of the world's languages are indigenous
*These languages have been disappearing because they're no longer any people left who speak these languages
*Since 1600, in North America alone, 52 Native American languages have disappeared
*Every two weeks, the last living speaker of a language dies, taking the language with him
*When those speakers die , they leave no one to use the language
*Linguists then consider this language dead
*Native Americans were forced into Government schools
*They were treated badly, if they didn't become "civilized"
* Native people were forced to give up their tribal religious beliefs and languages
*Native Americans are trying to regain some of their lost heritage
* Pow-Wow (North American gathering) is where they meet to share culture, stories, remedies, dance, music, rhythm. recipes and heritage with anyone who wants to learn them
* They're trying to protect their language by downloading apps and trying to memorize them
*The Department of Canadian Heritage manages on Aboriginal languages initiative which provides about $5million annual funding to support community based language projects.
*The challenge of protecting and preserving aboriginal languages are the countless unique realities and challenges that every Native community across Canada faces.
*Many projects are being made to resurrect their language
* Languages all over the world become extinct every year
* We have to support them, in order for the heritage to carry on in the future
*Languages require communities to understand and believe in the value of their own language, connect it to your foundational culture and family
* Universities, and people need to play a role by teaching indigenous languages
* In Canada, some have only a passive knowledge of their ancestral language
* Inuktitut is the main language in the circumpolar region stretching from Alaska to Greenland. It is also an official language in Nunavut along with French and English, since it is the mother tongue of 25% of the new Canadian territory's population
Why is the protection on Indigenous Languages Important?
*Languages become extinct for several reasons. People will consider one language more prestigious than another
*Languages are important to be kept alive because they represent culture
*Fewer children are learning the indigenous languages, they learn the traditional way from their parents or elders
*When parents speak the indigenous language, it usually does not get passed on to the children
*Indigenous languages are only used by elders
*It is to ensure the protection of the cultural identity
*It is also to safeguard their traditional heritage
*traditional indigenous knowledge that is usually passed down orally from generation to generation is in danger of being lost forever
*Customary laws of indigenous communities are often set out in their languages
*The loss of indigenous languages signifies not only the loss of traditional knowledge but also the loss of cultural diversity, undermining the identity and spirituality of the community and the individual
* If the language is lost the community may not fully understand its laws and system of governance that foster its future survival
Why is the the protection of Indigenous Languages important?
What is being done to protect Indigenous languages?
* The teaching of indigenous languages in mainstream institutions would help prevent discrimination against indigenous peoples.
* Projects would help aim to revive the use of Indigenous languages on the reserve
*Language requires communities to understand and believe in the value of their own language, connect it to your foundational culture and family
What is being done to protect Indigenous languages?
*Universities also have a role to play. By teaching more indigenous languages, we can raise awareness in the general population around the specificity of indigenous culture.
*Offer classes in native languages at all levels, including college

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