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How do scientists classify living things?

Christine Haftel

on 3 November 2015

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Transcript of Classification

Scientists classify living things to make it easier to find and share information.
When scientists discover a new living thing, classification can show how the new living thing relates to others that are already classified.
All living things can be classified into one of five kingdoms.
The five kingdoms are:
Scientists use characteristics to divide the kingdoms into smaller and smaller groups. Each smaller group is given a name.
A Kingdom is the largest group into which living things can be classified.

Two characteristics that scientists use to classify living things in the five kingdoms are:
whether living things are one-celled or many-celled.
how the living things get food.
Grouping Living Things
Grouping by Similarities and Differences
Forming Smaller Groups
The act of grouping things by using a set of rules
Most living things have a common name such as the brown bear.

But common names may be different in different places.
It's important to have names that scientists everywhere recognize.
The brown bear's scientific name is:
Ursus(genus) arctus(species)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus Arctus
feed on living or once living organisms
many- celled
make their own foods
most many-celled
absorb food from other living things or dead things such as logs.
most one-celled
make their own food or feed on living or once-living things.
no cell nuclei
some make their own food
some feed on living or once-living things.
How do scientists group living things?
What is classification?
What is the largest group into which living things are classified?
Full transcript