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Transcript of European Imperialism
Imperialism Fueled By Industry
Because of growing needs Industrialized Nations Sought:
Cheap Labor Supply
New Marketplaces for finished products
Before the mid-1800s Great Britain was the most powerful nation in the world
It's factories produced more goods than those of any other country
Their Navy guarded the oceans so that their goods were safely shipped around the globe
Their banks loaned the money needed to build factories, mines, and railroads worldwide.
By the late 1800s, Germany and the United States were challenging Britain’s economic leadership.
Faced with possible decline, Britain looked to its colonies for markets and resources.
Turned to industrial technological advances to take what they needed
Other countries followed Britain's example for prosperity
France had an empire second in size
Spain and Portugal attempted to rebuild empires in Africa
Austria-Hungary and Russia moved into the Balkans, Caucasus and Central Asia
Belgium, Italy, and Germany took over lands in Africa
The US and Japan expanded
Europeans viewed an empire as a measure of national stature
The race for colonies grew out of a strong sense of national pride along with economic competition
Following the Industrial Revolution, Europeans saw their new technology as proof they were better than other peoples
This attitude became racism, the belief that one race is superior to others
Europeans believed that they had the right and duty to bring the results of their progress to other countries
Imperialism is a policy of conquering and ruling other lands
Like Industrialization it began in England
The Steam Engine allowed travel and trade around the world
Communication advances like the telegraph allowed Empires to contact far reaching colonies
Mining equipment improved making it easier to take resources from native lands
Maxim Gun was invented in 1884
The Machine Gun instantly gives European troops a huge advantage
Before this Africans were beating Europeans in combat, but the machine gun gave a clear advantage
"In answering the call of imperialism, Europeans altered the way of life on every continent."
Some of this push for expansion of the European way of life came from missionaries.
In the late 1800s, Europeans and Americans were eager to read about adventures in distant places.
Newspapers competed for readership by hiring reporters to search the globe for stories.
Novels and poetry also glorified Imperialism
They appealed not only to his readers’ sense of adventure but also the their feelings of superiority.
Saw imperialism as a mission to “civilize non-Europeans”
and one urged his readers to:
Take up the White Man’s Burden, Send forth the best ye breed, Go bind your sons to exile, To serve your captives’ need…
European Expansion Promotes Racism