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2nd Semester History


Olivia Barth

on 7 June 2010

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Transcript of 2nd Semester History

2nd Semester Modern World History Era 6: Part1 Era 6: Part 2 Era 6: Part 3 Era 7: Part 1 Era 7: Part 2 Era 8 Enlightenment Europe The ideas of God, reason, nature, and man began to be questioned. French Revolution France The storming of the Bastille signified a change in power, where the people held the power. Serbian Revolution Serbia It took place between 1804 and 1835. Greek Revolution Greece From 1821 to 1829, the Greeks revolted against the Ottomans. French Revolution of 1830 and 1848 France The citizen king took power after the public gave him power. Belgian Revolution Belgium The Paris uprising sparked citizens to rebel against Dutch troops. Polish Revolution Poland The revolt was led by student, army officers, and land owners. Haitian Revolution The social factors were the unequal social classes. Haiti Mexican Revolution Mexico The political factors were the Spanish bisery and the creoles. South American Revolution South America Simon Bolivar won in Venezuela and Columbia. Brazilian Revolution Brazil When the royal family left, Dom Pedro stayed and became king. New Agricultural Methods Europe Saw major changes in methods and land distribution. Industrialization of Britain Britain Ports, rivers, canals, iron, and coal fueled the industrialization. New Economic Ways of Thinking Europe Textile industry grows and the cottage industry ended. New Technology Spreading Growth of Industrialization Europe Coal was used to fuel water pumps and steam engines. Social Impact of Industrialization Europe The Middle and Working Class were created. Attitudes and Values During Industialization Europe Laissez-Faire; "hands off", and companies are owned by people/ citizens. Arts During Industrialization Europe Began with romanticism was led by Wordsworth, Blake, Coleridge, and Shelley. Germany It was founded after the fall of Napoleon and the economic change. Hapsburg Empire Austria The Hapsburg Empire struggled to unite its different ethnic groups. Ottoman Empire Turkey European countries took Ottoman's lands and the empire fell. Russia Their emancipation was successful but it didn't help the peasants. Alexander II of Russia Forms of Imperial Rule (4) Europe The four forms of imperial rule were Direct rule, Indirect rule, Protectorate, and the Sphere of Influence. Africa (Belgian, British, French, German, Italian, Portugese, Spanish) Europe and Africa European countries met in 1884 at the Berlin Conference and split up Africa. Ottoman Empire (France, Russia, Germany, Britain) Turkey Nationalist revolts broke out and groups broke away. Egypt (Britain)/ Imperialism
Africa and Egypt Egypt began to modernize by building the Suez Canal. Persia Persia Both Britain and Russia sent troops to imperialize Persia and get oil. India (Britain)/ Imperialism India The Sepoy rebellion forced Britain to place India under direct rule. China (Britain)/ Imperialsim China China wanted to modernize but it divided the Chinese people. Japan Japan Japan battled in two wars and both helped Japan gain in wealth. Southeast Asia and Pacific (Dutch, British, French, US,
German, and Portuguese) The Europeans colonized southeast Asia through manipulating local rivalries. Asia Australia and New Zealand Australia and Pacific Britain colonized Australia and New Zealand and united the colonies. Latin America/ Economic Imperialism South America Latin America was imperialized using the method of mercantilism. WW1: Western Front WW1: Eastern Front WW1: Balkan Front Technology of Modern Warfare Russian Revolution/ Civil War Mexican Revolution Turkey and Persia Modernize Arab Nationalism/ European Mandate System Indian independence Movement Upheavals in China Japan France The German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium. Russia Three million died and 9 million were wounded at the Eastern Front. Southern Europe At he Balkan Front, Bulgaria joined the Central Powers, and Italy and Romania joined the Allies. Europe This new technology of WW1 included tanks, poisom gas, machine guns, and flamethrowers. Russia Tsar Nicholas II decides to go to the Eastern Front, but bread riots occur and Tsar Nicholas ends up stepping down. Mexico After WW1 wealth wasn't evenly distributed, so a new constitution was created and the PRI controlled Mexico. Turkey and Persia They industrialized by building railroads and factories, and hiring westerners. Middle East Pan-arabism grew following WW1, it emphasized common history and language of Arabs. India Ghandi led the salt March to the sea, which caused an end to the British monopoly of salt. China The Long March was caused by extermination campaigns, forcing the communists to walk from Southern China to Northern China. Japan Japan invaded China as a reaction to the Great Depression, they used the Manchurian Incident as a reason to invade. Post WW1 Britain Post WW1 France Soviet Union Under Stalin Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Fascist Spain WW11: Western Front WW11: Eastern Front WW11: Pacific Front WW11: China WW11: Japan Britain France Russia Germany Italy Spain China Japan Asia Europe Europe Stalin implemented his five year plans, which focused on building up Russia's industry. Britain recovered slowly due to unemployment, out of date factories, and strikes. Fance recovered quickly due to political divisions, finanicial scandals, coalition goverments, and reperations. Hitler made promises to the people and became chancellor after the Nazi party gained a majority in the Reichstag. Italian people were frustrated with the PPC, and Mussolini was easily able to take power. After WW1, Spain was in a civil war between the Fascists and the Nationalists. The Axis Powers successfully attacked using the Blitzkrieg. Hitler tried to invade the SSR, usingg Operation Barbossa, but the Russian winter stopped him and his troops. Japan tok control of Southeast Asia, but the US won at the Battles of Midway and Coral Sea. Post WW11, China and the US created the Security Council inside the UN. The US continued its "Island Hopping Campaign" and ended the war by dropping two atomic bombs. Cold War CW Ex: Divided Germany CW Ex: Communist China CW Ex: Korea and Vietnam India Soviet Union 5 African Nations: Ghana, Kenya, Algeria, Congo, and Nigeria Israel Iran Ireland South African Rwanda and Sudan US and Russia Europe Asia Asia Asia Russia Africa Middle East Middle East Europe Africa Africa The goal was to spread their ideologies. Germany split into East and West Berlin and each had a different ideology. China was the wild card and changed sides during the war. Korea split into two countries, democracy and communist, while Vietnam became communist. India splits, creating East and West Pakistan. After it fell, over 15 countries recieved their independence or freedom. They all had political, economic, and social problems. The Kurds and the Israelis fight for power in Israel. There was an Islamic revolution and Iran became a theocracy. Their was a religious conflict between British protestant and Irish conflict. The biggest struggle for the ANC was the apartheid. Millions were killed in both countries over ethnic conflict.
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