Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Film Opening textual analysis

for G321 AS Media Studies Foundation Portfolio in Media
by

Al Norman

on 14 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Film Opening textual analysis

choice of opening sequences to research
narrative
Then make your own 3x3 / 4x4 collage of stills of the titles in your similar products.
artofthetitle
http://www.artofthetitle.com/
Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels, Guy Ritchie, 1998
A Room for Romeo Brass
Highline, Sean Usher, QE 2009-11
What do you know about film openings?
Make yourself a To Do list
for making a film opening
Make yourself a Not To Do list
for making a film opening
Top Tip
Continuity task involving filming and editing a character opening a door, crossing a room and sitting down in a chair opposite another character, with whom she/he then exchanges a couple of lines of dialogue.

This task should demonstrate
match on action,
shot/reverse shot and
the 180-degree rule.
Preliminary exercise
Main task
The titles and opening of a new fiction film, to last a maximum of two minutes.
All video and audio material must be original, produced by you, with the exception of music or audio effects from a copyright-free source.
in the blog find the post
"Tips on the VIDEO brief from the chief examiner"
read it and take note of his advice.
Top Tip
KISS = "Keep It Simple, Stupid"

This applies to many aspects of your production work.
Better to do simple things right and well,
than get carried away with complicated ideas and plans.
one way to apply
the KISS principle
is to think about
the resources you have
another way to apply
the KISS principle
is to research openings of films
that do things
the key
is to choose openings
from any genre
that show and do things
that you could
practically
emulate
so avoid the high budget, stunt-filled, CGI-laden, exoticly-located, cast of thousands opening
simply
being practical
locations
props
actors
and use that to guide you in your choice of what genre of film to make
holding a shot steady, where appropriate;
framing a shot, including and excluding elements as appropriate;
using a variety of shot distances as appropriate;
shooting material appropriate to the task set;
selecting mise-en-scène including colour, figure, lighting, objects and setting;
editing so that meaning is apparent to the viewer;
using varied shot transitions and other effects selectively and appropriately for the task set;
using sound with images and editing appropriately for the task set;
using titles appropriately.
representations
institutional context
Like in your TV drama questions,
analyse what sort of people / groups / places are represented in your chosen openings
and how.
Look for logos or text that identify
the film production company (or companies)
the film distributor (the company that gets the film into cinemas and available on DVD)
watch this one up to 2 mins 30
(the end of the chip shop scene)
... and note down
absolutely everything
you see and hear in it
... then watch it again
and note down
absolutely everything else
you see and hear in it
think about everything you already know about them
make a list of everything you think an opening will have or do
check the implications of this with your teachers
these are the technical skills that your film opening will be judged on
use these to analyse similar products
How much narrative exists in the first 2 minutes? What do the characters do?
Is it chronological or not?
How many settings are established?
How many main characters are established?
holding a shot steady, where appropriate
framing a shot, including and excluding elements as appropriate
using a variety of shot distances as appropriate
shooting material appropriate to the task set
selecting mise-en-scène including colour, figure, lighting, objects and setting
editing so that meaning is apparent to the viewer
using varied shot transitions and other effects selectively and appropriately for the task set
using sound with images and editing appropriately for the task set
using titles appropriately
Which shots in your similar products are held steady?
Which aren't?
Why?
How have specific shots been composed and framed?
What effects do composition and framing have?
How does their composition and framing make them appealing or effective?
make a collage of shots
(3x3 or 4x4 or grab all the shots)
that are particularly effective in
following basic techniques or
achieving particular effects
How many different distances have been used?
Different angles?
Camera movements?
Which distances, angles & movements are used most?
What elements of mise-en-scene are key to constructing:
setting
character
narrative
genre?
How many locations are used within 2 minutes?
How does the editing of the sequence follow the rules of continuity editing
180 degree rule
match on action
shot - reverse shot
continuity of costume, lighting etc.?

If it doesn't, why doesn't it?
Does the sequence use only straight cuts?
If there are any other transitions, why are they used? Do they draw attention to themselves?
How long do any fades or dissolves last?
What different sounds are used? List them using appropriate terminology.
When are they introduced in relation to the visual elements (shots and graphics)?
How much dialogue is used?
How many different sounds are used at any one time?
How have these been mixed in terms of when and how far they are faded up or down?
The design and use of titles and logos is a crucial part of the sequence.
Visit
Make some notes on this at the research stage
because you will need this for your evaluation.
Make some notes on this at the research stage
because you will need this for your evaluation.
It is also very useful to count how many shots the sequence has within 2 minutes and to estimate how long each one lasts. Add timings to the list of shots you made for the use of camera.
This can be a good guide for your production.
It is also crucial to identify the editing pace and where any changes occur.
editing so that meaning is apparent to the viewer
The use of sound is often a weakness in student productions, so pay close attention to it especially the clarity and the mix.
Top Tip
Thoughtful composition and framing will make a massive difference to your sequence.
other examples of Keeping It Simple
Top Tip
A common weakness in this brief is to try to tell too much.
Foundation
Coursework:
unit G321
Portfolio
in Media
VIDEO brief
Your teachers will arrange with you when and how you will film and edit this continuity sequence.
+
a good place to start:
Shane Meadows, 1999
What are you looking for?
an excellent analysis
use of camera
mise-en-scene
editing
sound
use of titles & logos
narrative
genre
representations
micro elements
macro elements
institutional context
production companies
distribution companies
You are on the way to understanding the
conventions
of the
form
genre
What genre is the film in?
What elements of the opening are typical or conventional of the genre?
At what point(s) in the opening do these logos or names appear?
How do they appear (fade in, animated movement etc.)?
How are they constructed (fonts, size, colours, effects etc.)?
How are they positioned on the screen?
would analyse chosen openings in relation to all the following questions.
It does not matter what order you tackle them in.
titles & credits
mise-en-scene
editing - 1
sound
use of camera - 1
Top Tip
list every shot used in the opening 2 minutes using appropriate terminology
use of camera - 2
use of camera - 3
use of camera - 4
Top Tips
Note down how, where and when you think these sounds were recorded.
editing - 2
editing - 3
for examples.
At what point(s) in the opening do the titles and any credits appear?
Which job titles appear?
How do they appear (fade in, animated movement etc.)?
How are they constructed (fonts, size, colours, effects etc.)?
How are they positioned on the screen?

Does any other text appear? What, when and how?
Practical ideas for your film opening
alternative presentation of shots from your research
shot by shot, left to right
set it out like Final Cut Express
but with analytical comments
shot type - angle, distance, movement
shot duration
sound(s)
mise-en-scene
locations
lighting
titles -
font
position
size
animation
WARNING
This shot is of Thatcher
CU, level
00:02:00
Dialogue: ...
denim jacket, hat
1: studio
Company names in block caps
degraded font
2 lines, centre aligned
central on screen
00:02:00
and so on
Escapism, Charlie Brookes, QE 2014-16
Full transcript