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Context Clues Lesson

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jennifer hidrogo

on 29 March 2012

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Transcript of Context Clues Lesson

Standards:
ELA7R2 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it correctly in reading and writing. The student
a. Determines the meaning of unfamiliar words using context clues (e.g., contrast, cause and effect, etc.). All About Context Clues!!!!! Warm Up Read the passage and answer the following questions. His father did not mean to be cruel, but he was himself a hard working man, an early riser and a swift workman. It seemed natural and necessary to have his son work. He himself had been bound out at nine years old and he had never known a weeks release from toil. What does the word toil mean?
A. parenting
B. vacation
C. rest and relief
D. hard work Answer: D. Hard Work In the warm up, you used context clues to choose your answer. Context clues are clues or hints that help identify unknown words in a sentence. In this lesson you will learn various tips about how to use context clues to answer questions. LETS GET STARTED!!!!!!!!!!!! Tip #1: Look for other words that have a similar meaning. Words that you do know may give you clues to understand words that you do not know. Let's look at this example:
John tried to open his soda bottle, but it would not budge. No matter how hard he tried, the bottle would not open. By looking at words or phrases that surround the word budge, such as "would not open" we can infer that budge means to not move or change. Tip #2: Use cueing systems to figure out the meaning of a word. Cueing systems are tools that help readers figure out unfamiliar words so they gain a better understanding of a text. 3 cueing systems:
Graphophonic cues- visual/oral cues; letter- sound
semantic cues- meaning or comprehension cues
syntatic cues- grammatical cues In graphponic cues, words are broken down into letters, sounds, syllables, prefixes, chunks etc. Ask yourself :
Does it look right? In semantic cues, the word should make sense when used in the sentence. Ask yourself:
Does it make sense? In syntatic cues, the word should make sense and sound right. Ask yourself:
Does it sound right? Tip #3: Plug in the answer choices to see which one makes the most sense when used in the sentence. Example 1:
Megan stared at Henry with narrowed eyes. Their dispute was beginning to attract attention, and Megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. Henry grinned at her meanly, waiting for a response, but instead Megan turned and walked away. The word dispute means:
A. greeting
B. argument
C. conversation
D. show Let's use tip #3 to find the answer! :) A. greeting Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. If you substitute "greeting" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because a greeting would not cause a big commotion. Therefore A. greeting is not the answer. B. argument Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. If you substitute "argument" for the blank, the sentence makes sense because an argument is sure to attract attention and get you in trouble during school.
Therefore, B. argument is the answer. C. conversation Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. If you substitute "conversation" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because a simple conversation will not attract attention nor is a reason to get in trouble.
Therefore C. conversation is not the answer. D. show Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. If you substitute "show" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because Megan and Henry would not put on a show during class time.
Therefore D show is not the answer. Take out a sheet of paper, fold it in half, and label it in the following manner: Tips Notes Tip #1 Look for other words that have a similar meaning. Tip #4: Look for clues or hints the author gives about the meaning of the word. Ex : John went to get a vaccine, or shot, to prevent getting infected with the spreading disease. The clues surrounding the word vaccine let us know that a vaccine is another word for a shot. clue Independent Practice Complete the following worksheet on context clues. Each question is worth 20 points. Question 6 is worth 10 bonus points! Now get ready to take your assesment :D BONUS #6-
Trive means
A. flourish. #5- prominent means
D. important #4- pioneered means
B. developed #2 - virtuallly means
B. almost. #3- Sustain means
A. support #1- Tome means C. book (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Let's go over the answers!
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