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Transcript of developmental milestones
Birth to Twelve Months
2- 4 Years of Age
6-8 Years of Age
Sleeps 16-20 hours daily
responds to sounds
stare at faces
be alert to stimuli
recognize caregivers voice
cry to show discomfort
Baby will be laughing out loud.
attempting to carry a conversation.
baby should be sleeping 12-15 hours, including naps.
baby might start rolling over and waking themselves up. give child a few minutes to go to sleep on their own.
keep thick blankets, comforters, pillows and stuffed toys out of baby's crib.
baby needs immunizations
2 years old
Child should be able to crawl and walk alone.
Child should be talking using simple phrases.
Child should be able to pull toys behind them.
child is beginning to run
child able to kick ball
child able to climb up and down from furniture
Child able to scribble
builds tower of blocks
points to object or picture when named
recognizes names, body parts.
repeats words overheard in conversations.
find hidden objects
begins to sort by shapes and colors
enthusiastic about company of other children.
3 years old
able to hop and stand on one foot for up to five seconds.
throws ball overhand.
draws circles and squares
begins to copy some capital letters
speaks in sentences of five to six words
may know a few numbers
engages in fantasy play
plays mom or dad
dresses and undresses
may have daytime control over bowel and bladder functions
can pedal a tricycle
knows own name, gender and age
encourage child to help with small household chores such as setting the table or picking up toys
understands mine and his/hers
4 years old
Can skip and hop
buttons and unbuttons clothes
dresses and undresses
catches a ball
draws stick figures
cuts out circles and other simple shapes
can wash hands and fae
cleans nose when reminded
uses toilet independently
sociable with other children.
can sing a song.
cant count to three and name one or more colors.
gives first and last name.
5 years old
can draw a picture of a person.
skips, jumps with good balance.
able to tie own shoelaces.
kicks rolling ball towards target.
brushes teeth unassisted.
like to tell stories.
prefers to be with peers rather than adults.
matches and names four primary colors.
knows own city/street.
arranges a picture in order of occurence.
agrees with rules.
cuts and paste simple shapes.
6 years old
able to ride a bicycle
moving towards abstract thinking
wants it all; learn to make choices.
learn to not be selfish
start to think about future.
develop sense of responsibility
Child needs to learn patience.
Stay physically active.
8 years old
Increase physical activities
work on coordination and reaction time.
practice reading and writing.
create simple stories and compositions.
think about what they want to be when they grow up.
can recite days of the week and months in order. can also count backwards.
understand simple fractions.
7 years old
Pursues favorite activities such as sports.
encourage physical activity
learn to communicate own opinions
think logically, solve problems.
identify emotions. being able to say how they feel.
teach breathing exercises.
13 years old
Will continue experiencing puberty, notice changes in appearance, appetite, sleep.
arguing skills improve, join debates or play mind games.
Decision making skills improve.
continue to help with house chores.
continues to work on homework.
stays physically active or joins a club.
work on low self esteem and learn to not be concerned with everyone else watching.
Keep a journal
Smiles in response to others
lifts head 45 degrees when on stomach
can locate sounds
begins to roll over
hands are open
begins to visually fix onto close objects.
Child may raise head and chest while on tummy.
Opens and shuts hands.
The baby has a hand fascination and is working on strengthening his hand muscles.
The baby can start to follow objects and may grasp and shake toys.
The baby recognizes familiar objects and people at a distant by holding eye contact.
begins to develop a social smile.
Good time to familiarize baby with new toys, textures and people.
baby sits up with some support
pass toys from one hand to the other.
Sleeps 12-15 hours total each day.
recognize key people around them.
Responds to tickling.
Reaches for Objects.
Sits with support
anticipates feeding, dressing, bathing
holds a bottle
plays with toes
starts to chew
open his or her mouth for spoon
holds out arms to be picked up
provide toys for baby to grasp easily
Sits without support of hands
transfers objects from one hand to the other
responds to own name.
begins to respond to "no"
uses voice to express joy and displeasure
enjoys social play
interested in mirrors
responds to other peoples expressions of emotion
baby should begin to start crawling
moves into sitting position from her stomach
begins to explore
is able to stand and start cruising along the furniture
grabs things within reach
starts to shake, bang, drop, throw items.
starts saying first words such as dada
Daytime naps to help with teething
introduce new foods to baby, one at a time to determine if baby is allergic.
read books at night, point to objects and people.
teach hand eye coordination such as patty cake or peekaboo.
Drinks from a sippy cup
Allow child to feed themselves with his or her fingers
reciting nursery rhymes together, singing songs, taking them to new places for first time
if experiencing separation anxiety, introduce to new people and new situations gradually,don't leave when child is tired hungry or sick.
walk while holding hands
understand what mama, dada mean
wave bye, hello
try feeding baby new soft foods.
continues to stand, hold onto furniture
points to favorite toy or book when asked.
teach him names, places, things.
pick up toy off floor from standing position without holding onto anything.
walk with one hand held
point or gesture to ask for something
try to avoid bottles and move to sippy cups
try play dates to expose them to playing environment
read picture book
take first solo step
say two words other than mama/dada
imitate your actions
drink from cup without help
9-11 Years of Age
9 years old
10 years old
11 years old
12-15 Years of Age
12 years old
14 years old
15 years old
can read and understand longer sentences up to 12 words.
can add and subtract digit numbers.
learning how to borrow and carry values.
improving decision making skills.
can control their anger most of the time.
Sensitive to the feelings of others.
Enjoy active play (swimming, biking, tag)
Likes to draw, paint, make jewelery and other activities that use their fine motor skills.
16-18 Years of Age
Help with household tasks such as setting the table, fixing the bed, taking trash out, feeding the pets,washing the dishes.
Join a club or be a part of after school activity
able to tell time.
is concerned about rules.
brushes teeth twice a day.
eat three meals a day plus nutritional snacks.
8-10 hours of sleep per night.
prepare girls for menstruation, prepare boys for wet dreams.
able to gain understanding of readings such as complex paragraphs.
can write in cursive.
learn multiplication and division.
have friends or make attempt to make friends.
be aware of body changes
be apart of a team or community group.
Think of goals the child would like to accomplish.
Follow rules at school and home.
Limit screen time to 1-3 hours (TV, computer)
continue with physical activity like running, jumping rope and climbing.
Talk about physical changes
understand the concept of peer pressure.
Complete homework assignments on time.
continue house chores
wear helmet if riding bike or skateboard.
have friends with positive influence.
talk about emergency precautions.
continue to be physically active like mowing the lawn, walking the dog, washing the car.
Recognize own strengths and weaknesses
be involved in extracurricular activities.
social circle of friends is growing.
discuss feelings towards opposite sex and precautions.
continues to do homework.
request a tutor if needed.
continues house chores like fixing bed, cleaning room, washing dishes, setting up table.
learns to save allowance.
shows initiative in school or at home.
needs to communicate
have friends with positive influences.
Will be experiencing mood swings, learn to express anger and control emotions.
exercise the mind with thinking games.
Trying to find individual identity, might test ideas, values, morals, religious and political beliefs.
able to go out with friends as long as they communicate with caregivers and follow rules and curfews.
16 years old
17 years old
18 years old
show more independence from parents.
Open savings account and manage money.
get driving learners permit.
continue house chores, clean room, wash plates, wash car, fix bed, take out trash.
Think about future plans.
be involved in extracurricular activities.
communicate thoughts and emotions.
encourage teen to volunteer.
get enough sleep, exercise, eat healthy.
Discuss house rules and regulations.
Take drivers license test
apply to colleges, if continuing education.
Able to take on part time job.
complete assignments on time and study for exams.
develop moral ideals.
selects a role model.
Firmer sense of self.
Developed sense of humor.
movement towards autonomy.
thinks about the future.
have high school diploma.
Start College or have a Job.
Save money in bank account.
have drivers license.