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Ms. Hingsbergen's Nonfiction Research Project

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Erin Hingsbergen

on 15 March 2013

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Transcript of Ms. Hingsbergen's Nonfiction Research Project

By: Ms. Hingsbergen "Ultra Hush-Hush: Espionage and Special Missions" Author: Stephen Shapiro
Year Published: 2003 A Quick Re-Cap Spies, special missions, codes,
and ciphers! Stories of ingenuity
and intrigue from World War II. Fun Fact from the Book Military messages must be disguised by codes and ciphers. One of the most successful and enduring codes of all time was based on a rare language spoken only by the Navajo. This code was instrumental in the American defeat of the Japanese at several key battles. In fact, the code was so difficult to break that the U.S. military kept it top secret until it was replaced by computer codes in 1968. Nonfiction Research Project Presents 19 fascinating stories from World War II about the creative solutions and resourcefulness of the allies. This got me thinking... My Research Question How and why did the Americans use the Navajo language as a code during World War II? Idea to use Navajo language came from Philip Johnston
Had been raised with the Navajo, so he knew the language fluently
Was a World War I veteran, so he knew the military needed an unbreakable code
Knew the Navajo language was very complex According to http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq61-2.htm According to an Albuquerque, New Mexico news report: "Bill Toledo welcomes every chance he gets to do the one thing he wasn’t allowed to do for so long: Talk about what he did during World War II.

Talking is the very thing that made him and a small group of others heroes. He is one of the few living Navajo code talkers.

'We saved a lot of lives using our language during the war,' Toledo said." http://www.koat.com/news/new-mexico/albuquerque/World-War-II-code-talker-shares-story-at-N-M-Veterans-Memorial/-/9153728/19257360/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/92l6b7/-/index.html : http://www.worldwarhistoryonline.com/world-war-history-news-articles/item/275-the-navajo-code-talkers 211 military words were applied to distinctly Navajo terms. There were 29 original code-talkers recruited by the United States. They were awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor for their service. Fun Facts about Code-Talkers Summary Philip Johnson came up with the idea to use the Navajo language as code Bill Toledo was a code-talker in World War II and saved many lives 211 Navajo words were used as code. There were 29 original code-talkers. Outwitting the Enemy: Stories from World War II
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