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AIDS and Society: Prevention

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on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of AIDS and Society: Prevention

AIDS and Society: Prevention

Biological Effects of Drugs and Alcoholism
- Both non-injection and injection drugs can affect an individual’s overall health, altering susceptibility to HIV and the progression of AIDS
- Studies have shown HIV causes greater damage to brain cells when substance abuse is involved
- Drugs and alcohol increase risky behaviors



Affective Prevention Program Necessities
Prevention Methods
abstinence
condoms (male/female)
open communication about testing
regular STI checkups
be faithful
circumcision
lube
solo or mutual masterbation
Drug and Alcohol
Drug abuse and addiction are linked to HIV/AIDS
Both non-injection and injection drugs
- Increase chances of risky behavior

Injection Drugs
Include: Heroin, Cocaine, Methamphetamine
Causes infection through sharing equipment
- Needles
- Syringes
Other Risks: Hepatitis C

Prevention/Risk Reduction
- Sterilizing equipment
- Exchange programs
- Drug abuse treatment/counseling

AIDS Activity Coordinating Office (AACO)
Getting Tested
HIV 101
Data & Research
Program Services
Health Information Hotline: 1-800-987-2437
1101 Market St, 9th floor
http://www.phila.gov/health/aaco/index.html
Circumcision
Circumcision for men specifically in Africa

Circumcision can reduce the risk of HIV transmitted from women to men by 60% .



HIV Youth Stats
1 in 4 or 26%of all new HIV infections are in youths 13-24.
~12,000 youths infected with HIV in 2010.
Most African American and Latino males MSM
60% of infected do not know they are infected which can cause early death and risk of spread
IDU make up 5% of infected youths. Rise?
In order to prevent the spread of HIV we must educate the young.


Push for more sex ED

The CDC and American Academy of Pediatrics both support the push for comprehensive sex education in schools and condom availability.
Sex Ed and prevention taught at a younger age, before youths starts having sex. Ideally in middle school years.
Advocates for youth closely evaluated 23 comprehensive sex education programs and found that 13 programs showed decrease in teen pregnancies, HIV, and ST I's. Also, that abstenance only does not work.
Condoms should be available to youths free of charge and in schools to prevent the spread of HIV and other STI's.
In 2007 a public health campaign was started in 14 countries since the start of the campaign 3 million men have been circumcised.

In 2011 circumcision was made high priority by the World Health Organization, the Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the US Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

The goal is to circumcise 80% of reproductive men by 2015 = 20 million circumcisions.
History

Dr. Valiere Alcena a physician at Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Data revealed in 1986 that Haitian and South African men are often uncircumcised and many of them developed lesions on their foreskin.
1. Focus on sexual behaviors that lead to the transmission of the disease
2. Developmentally and culturally sensitive
3. Based on theories of behavioral change
3 goals proven to make these programs most successful ---------->
Prevention/Risk Reduction
- Get tested
- Social setting
- Condoms
- Support groups
- Rehab

Care for people living with HIV/AIDS
Prevention Services
Special Initiatives
Full transcript