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Modern Connections to the Crucible
Transcript of Modern Connections to the Crucible
By: Sarah, Ujala, Daisy
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Crucible means "a place of severe test or trial"
The Crucible is a play written by Arthur Miller
It was first released/opened in New York (1953)
The Genre would be - a Tragedy, Allegory
The tone of this play is serious and tragic
Main characters - John Proctor, Abigail Williams
Setting - Salem, a small town in Massachusetts
The play itself is of a group of girls that dance in the forest with a slave named Tibuta. While dancing, one of the girls fall into a coma-like state. Rumors were spread that this was the effect of practicing witchcraft. This controversy leads into the Salem Witch Trials.
Now lets move on to the themes and connections
Themes throughout the Play
Relationship between Intolerance and Fear
Maintaining Reputation/Reputation and Integrity
Symbols throughout the Play
The Witch Trials and McCarthyism
There is very little symbolism in the Crucible, but if you look at the play as a whole it symbolizes communism that effected America in the 1950's. Miller connects this and the Witch trials to one another, but many people do believe that there were not actual witches in Salem, but there was actually Communism. But others say that Miller didn't show this to say whether there was witches or not, but how the court didn't want to believe that the women were not witches.
The Crucible is basically a comparison between the Salem Witchcraft Trials and the Communist Red Scare.
It wasn't directly stated in the play, but the events that happened in the 1680's and 1690's had similar accusations raised on the communities and their actions. This could be considered symbolism throughout the play. The Crucible also reveals a lesson in how history can repeats itself over and over again. There are many emotions expressed through the course of this play that can also be tied in with modern times, such as reputation, it was a huge deal and came down to the social status in society. Having a good reputation, meant an individual is not guilty, and if you had bad reputation then you were considered guilty. In modern times, most of the characters in the Crucible believe in a supernatural and their whole society is based on this theory. Religion is a very big part of each characters life, as it is today for most people. Jealousy is also a big topic as it is today, many of the characters were considered greedy and jealous.
So overall, The Crucible portrays many common themes and symbols that we can see in other time periods, events, and stories!
Revenge, Authority, Pride, and Reputation is what we see everyday in modern societies and is the main focus of our presentation today.
Relationship between Intolerance and Fear
One main theme in the novel that is still relevant today is the relationship between intolerance and fear.Intolerance usually arises from fear and there is intolerance in every society.In the play, the characters are intolerant of people who do not conform.If someone is not very religious or has different beliefs they are accused of working with the Devil and doing witchcraft.Today someone could openly say they don’t believe in God without fear of being hanged but intolerance can be seen in racial and gender discrimination so the theme of intolerance is still relevant today.
Another theme in the story is hysteria. "Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they have always considered upstanding people, are committing absurd and unbelievable crimes—communing with the devil, killing babies, and so on." In the novel, the court believes Abigail when she says Elizabeth is a witch even though Elizabeth is respected. Hysteria can also be seen during the time of the Red Scare when a lot of people were being accused of being communists. It can also be seen today in our everyday fear of terrorists.
Maintaining their reputations is very important to the characters in this novel.For example, Paris is more concerned about being associated with witchcraft than he is about his daughter who is in a coma, and Proctor’s wife is sent to jail because he hesitates in admitting that he had an affair.Maintaining reputations is not that important today because people are not very judgmental in modern society.President Clinton was not impeached despite having an affair which shows that reputations are not that important.Sometimes nonconformity is even a good thing.For example, celebrities with bad reputations get more publicity than normal celebrities.However, maintaining a reputation is still important to politicians today.
Reputation and Integrity
Reputation is the way that other people perceive you and Integrity is the way you perceive yourself. Several characters in The Crucible face a tough decision: to either protect their reputation or their integrity. Many characters have to choose whether or not to protect their reputation and//or integrity.
In old fashioned type communities like Salem, a bad reputation can result in social or even physical punishment. The Crucible makes a claim that those most concerned with reputation, are dangerous to society! They must protect themselves, and in the process they have no problem in harming others. The Crucible also shows that those who favor integrity admit to making mistakes and refuse to lie to save their own lives and integrity.
Modern Connection - Bullying
Revenge, Pride, and Authority
Connection with these three common themes!
Revenge - Between the characters: Abigail and Elizabeth Proctor (Elizabeth ruins Abigail;s reputation)
Pride - Proctor is known in the play as supporting the truth but saving saving himself first. He denies confession to save his soul
Authority - The character, Danforthe is considered powerful, and does not spare anyone that comes in his way
The McCarthy Era
Revenge - McCarthy intimidates others by accusing those who do not conform to his wicked ways
Pride - McCarthy engages in physical action/fights with people he thinks are a threat to his actions
Authority - McCarthy blacklists everyone who comes in his way and descisions
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence. It also means "the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism."
Modern Society: Day to Day Life Scenarios
Revenge - "The Boyfriend/Girlfriend Scenario"
Pride - "Parent's and Children Scenario"
Authority - It could be anyone with high power, for example (Principle, Teacher, President, etc)