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Slavery

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by

Abigail Kim

on 26 March 2015

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Transcript of Slavery

1870
1619
Slavery
When and what started Slavery?
Living Conditions
multiple families often lived in the same small house
They had limited supplies for survival including food, water, blankets etc
they often spent hours in the hot sunlight with no breaks
many of them were often whipped for the smallest of crimes
Restrictions
slaves were not aloud to read or meet in large groups
weren't allowed to own land
weren't allowed to assemble together without a white person present
had curfews
couldn't bear testimony against a white person
no voice in court
couldn't learn to read or write
no church
leave the land without permission
couldn't speak or look at a white person unless permission was given
basically anything that gave them freedom or power was taken from them
A Day in the Field
Life on the fields meant working six days a week and having food sometimes not suitable for an animal to eat.
Slave holders would stop just short of working their slaves to death
Slaves would work from dusk to dawn with only one ten minute break each day.
Slaves worked in many places other than the fields on a plantation such as: housekeepers, butlers, and nannies
Slave Codes
Punishments
beating with a stick
sometimes to the breaking of bones
the chain
iron crook about the neck
a ring about the ankle
confinement in the dungeon
There have been instances of slitting of ears
beating out of eyes
Slavery started in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619
were used to crop tobacco
In 1793, cotton gin was invented
many more slaves were shipped over to North America because of the cotton industry

Separation & Auctions
Underground Railroads
Some Significant Slaves
African American accomplishments today
The Different Types of Slaves
1. Field Slaves
2. House Slaves
Citations
they started the separation of families during slave auctions
this time period was known as "The Weeping Time"
children, mothers, and fathers were separated against their will
slave exports grew from about 36,000 slaves per year to about 80,000 slaves per year in the 1780s
marriage wasn't recognized by the whites so that it would be easier to split up a family
some of the must successful people are african american some examples are
Barack Obama
Oprah Winfrey
Beyonce

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery
Slave codes demonstrated legal sanctions over the black population, generally placing harsh restriction
Slave in the slave codes where not treated as a person, but as a thing

Harriet tubman: Harriet Tubman escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist. She led hundreds of enslaved people to freedom along the route of the Underground Railroad.

Sojourner Truth: is best known for her extemporaneous speech on racial inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?" delivered at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in 1851.

Frederick Douglass: a former slave and eminent human rights leader in the abolition movement, was the first black citizen to hold a high U.S. government rank.
an organized system to assist runaway slaves
about 100,000 slaves escaped between 1810 and 1850
"stations" and "depots" were located frequently throughout the railroad where slaves would rest and eat food provided by "stationmasters"
the "conductor" was responsible for moving slaves from station to station
"stockholders" were responsible for money
"conductors " were responsible for moving fugitives from one station to another
escaping wasn't an easy thing to do
slave codes were used to contact other stations to let them know a slave was coming
slaves would also use star consolations to help guide them during their escape
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2944.html
http://www.ushistory.org/us/6f.asp
https://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+slave+auctions&rlz=1CALEAA_enUS602US605&espv=2&biw=1366&bih=633&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=FAIQVby_NYe_ggSo3IGoAg&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&safe=active&ssui=on#imgdii=_&imgrc=DcUlwxh8hBy1ZM%253A%3B8XsZjyX_BobKjM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcdn.history.com%252Fsites%252F2%252F2014%252F01%252Fslave-auction-virginia-P.jpeg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.history.com%252Ftopics%252Fblack-history%252Fslavery%252Fpictures%252Fslave-trade%252Fslave-block-in-fredericksburg%3B1038%3B539
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