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Transcript of Sigmund Freud
One Theory at a Time Sigmund Freud The Argument Freudian Relevance And Other Connections Linked Disciplines Spirituality vs. the Mind A Continuation of Theories Layers of the Subconscious More Theories Counterclaims "Freud is a
Fraud!" Effects on Others Varying
Perspectives My View on Freudian Theories Knower's
Perspective Jasmine Haddaway (cc) image by jantik on Flickr Rejected pure biological theories Separated faith from the mind Divided psyche into three parts Created theory on sexual development Made psychoanalysis prevalent Freud's philosphies and worldview are obsolete Despite this, his metaphors and
observations are relevant to today The Origin of Illness Theories Linked disciplines: biology, sociology,
and anthropology Before Freud, mental illness
was considered to be an organic
process "Sane" people were those without
physical brain diseases, the "insane"
possessed the diseases Freud believed that people with illnesses had "working hardware,
but defective software" Psychosexual Stages Even More Theories Pre-Freud, behavior was thought to be
linked to God or Satan Freud believed that behavior had no relation
to spirituality There are three layers to the human mind: id, ego, and superego The id is the innate center for gratification The ego is the center for reality and rationale The superego is the center for learned morals These forces may conflict at any time Oral: infant derives pleasure
from feeding Anal: toddler derives pleasure from defecating Phallic: child identifies with same-sex parent Latency: child develops interests
outside of sex Genital: adult derives pleasure
from opposite sex Critics such as Jean-Paul Sartre have said that Freud's theories were not "scientific" enough and emphasized unconscious Is information gained from psychology
actual knowledge? The popularity of psychoanalysis discredits
these claims Parent: psychosexual stages may lead
to open discussion about sex between
parent and child Religious leader: separation between faith and mind may change means of teaching Connections to the Present 21st Century Freud Child: the layers of psyche can help distinguish personal beliefs and societal ones Believed that problems in adult life were affected by childhood His idea that the unconscious
influenced decision was advanced Disbelief in spirituality was unheard
of I believe in some of his theories, but
not all Despite this, his theories revolutionized
the psychology field How is our knowledge limited by sense