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Thomas Pain and Common Sense
Transcript of Thomas Pain and Common Sense
He sparked a fire in the Colonists to declare their independence and separate themselves from England. Biographical Info He was born on January 29, 1737 in Thetford, UK.
Thomas Paine had very basic education and started working when he was 13 years old. He worked for his father as a corset maker.
He worked as an Officer of the Excise collecting taxes.
He was fired from this job in 1774 because of an article he wrote asking for higher pay for Excise Officers.
He was a failure at most things he did in England.
He met Benjamin Franklin in 1774. Franklin encouraged him to move to America.
Thomas Paine arrived in Philadelphia on November 3, 1774.
He got a job as a co-editor of Pennsylvania Magazine in January 1775. Common Sense • Common Sense was published on January 10, 1776.
• It was a 48-page pamphlet written in common language which the average colonist could understand.
• Common Sense was published anonymously as it was a treasonous document.
• Five hundred thousand copies were sold. Message of Common Sense •Paine argues that the colonies should not just revolt against taxation, but they should demand independence from Great Britain.
•The government of Britain is disconnected from the colonies except for taxing its citizens unfairly and the colonists have no rights or representation
•America no longer needed England’s help. The American people had all the means to be independent.
•Paine believed government was necessary because men cannot live in peace and harmony.
•He criticized a hereditary or monarchy form of government.
•The purpose of government was to provide security and protect the rights of citizens. It should be simple and uncomplicated.
•Paine advocates for a republic, representative form of government where the people elect their representatives for a limited term. There should be frequent elections so the elected representatives never lose touch with the people who elected them. Influences of Common Sense
on the Colonists
• Common Sense helped people to make up their minds and commit to the revolution. Common Sense stirred up anger and dissent against the King, which acted as a major catalyst to the American Revolution. Conclusion How does our current form of government tie directly to Thomas Paine & the message of Common Sense? • In Common Sense, Thomas Paine inspired the colonists to declare independence from Great Britain.
• The function of government was to provide security and protect the rights of citizens. It should be simple and uncomplicated.
• In Common Sense, Paine encouraged an independent America to establish a representative democracy/republic where the citizens elected their representatives and the elected representatives must answer to the citizens.
• This is the form of government we currently have in the United States of America.