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First Nations: Innu
Transcript of First Nations: Innu
Hello, my name is Devon and today I will be talking to you about the First Nations Algonquian tribe of the Innu. The Innu is actually a tribe of two groups of Algonquian First Natinos called Montagnais and Naskapi that live in what are now Newfoundland and Quebec. Let's begin.
First up I will discuss what the Innu ate. They hunted moose, and from the middle of the summer until early spring they also hunted caribou (the Naskapi mainly did this). In the spring they fished for salmon and eel. They also harpooned seal.
The Innu used wigwams for shelter/housing. Wigwams are shelters that are built out of twigs tied together at the top and covered with animal skins or other types of things. The Montagnais usually used birch bark to cover up their wigwams. The Naskapi used caribou skin to cover their wigwams.
Contact with the Europeans
The early European explorers, encountering Innu who came to the St. Lawrence River French settlements from the nearby hills, called them 'Montagnais', meaning 'mountain people'. By contrast, those Innu living in the tundra region of northern Labrador and Québec, who became known to Europeans later, were called 'Naskapi.' For the Europeans it meant a 'less civilized' group than the Montagnais.
Where they lived
This is where they lived.
What the Innu ate
inside a wigwam
I hope they don't find me...
Thanks for listening to my presentation!
In the 1980s the Innu made it known that they preferred to be called 'Innu', a word meaning 'people' in their own language. They also began to use the word Ntisinan, for their traditional territory. The Innu are actually the easternmost group of a very widespread people commonly known as the Cree. Mainly, the culture of the Labrador Innu reflects their nomadic way of life. For example, if one type of animal became scarce in one area, the Innu would move to a place where that kind of animal is abundant. They would also move annually wherever the best hunting ground was. The Innu generally used snowshoes and toboggans in the winter, and birch-bark canoes in the summer. They were also experts at making clothing out of animal skis, stone tools and wooden utensils of all kinds.